Brooke County Sandpit (Neogene of the United States)

Where: Brooke County, West Virginia (40.3° N, 80.6° W: paleocoordinates 40.5° N, 77.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Neogene (23.0 - 2.6 Ma)

• Time interval not explicitly stated but inferred from fossil taxa.

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; gravel

• "...found in the sharp sand deposit 60 feet beneath the surface. The stratification as revealed in the sandpit shows an upper stratum of loamy sand of 22 feet. Underneath this is a layer of top sand 4 to 6 feet in depth. From there on down to the level of excavation the material is made up of gravel."

Size class: macrofossils

• "Of special interest in these fossils is a puncture in one of the bones which apparently had been made by some very thin, sharp object. Evidence of healing of the bone is present on the fossilized fragment....Whether this wound was occasioned by an accidental contact with some sharp, rocky protrusion, or made by the point of a spear, is an interesting conjecture."

Collected by T. Polen, J. McCrew in 1954

Primary reference: B. R. Weimer. 1956. Mammoth Remains Found in Brooke County, West Virginia. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science 27:14-15 [M. Uhen/M. Shalap]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 123931: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Margaret Shalap on 02.02.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth