Panaca Formation (Meadow Valley) ( of the United States)

Also known as Double Butte; Limestone Corner; Rodent Quarry; UALP locality 8197

Where: Lincoln County, Nevada (37.8° N, 114.3° W: paleocoordinates 38.0° N, 113.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Panaca Formation, Blancan (4.9 - 1.8 Ma)

• said to be Blancan I and between 4.95 and 4.50 based on biochronology (lower bound) and paleomag (upper bound) by Mead and Taylor 2005

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; siltstone and sandstone

• formation is "approximately 427 m... horizontally stratified siltstones, sandstones, and mudstones, with occasional small artesian spring-formed lacustrine deposits" (Mead and Taylor 2005)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Reposited in the AMNH

Collection methods: quarrying

Primary reference: R. E. Reynolds and E. H. Lindsay. 1999. Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 99-1:469-478 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 19965: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 19.05.2000, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• see Golgotha Watermill Pothole Quarry (Hemphillian)

•UALP 8197 is only 10 m NE of Limestone Corner and 1 m higher stratigraphically; both are 1.6 km NE of Panaca

•? Teleoceras sp. of Stock 1921 from LACM 3546 is implied to be from low in the section, but this appears to be based on a priori biochronological considerations

Reptilia
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Crotaphytus sp.2 Holbrook 1843 collared lizard
UALP 8197 (Rodent Ravine)
 Squamata - Crotaphytidae
Gambelia sp.2 Baird and Girard 1852 Leopard lizards
UALP 9504 (Rodent Hill)
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
Ondatra sp. Link 1795 muskrat
presumably includes "Pliopotamys ? meadensis" of May 1981
Mimomys panacaensis n. sp.4 Mou 1997 vole
UALP 8197; clearly includes "Ophiomys mcknighti" of Reynolds and Lindsay, who fail to cite this paper
Ophiomys magilli Hibbard 1972 vole
see also May 1981
Repomys sp. May 1981 mouse
Repomys panacaensis May 1981 mouse
includes type of May 1981 from Rodent Quarry
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Perognathinae indet.1 Coues 1875 rodent
Prodipodomys sp. Hibbard 1939 rodent
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Nekrolagus progressus Hibbard 1939 rabbit
see also White 1991a
Hypolagus edensis Frick 1921 rabbit
see also White 1988
Hypolagus ringoldensis Gustafson 1978 rabbit
Pewelagus dawsonae White 1984 rabbit
see also White 1988
Lepoides lepoides White 1988 rabbit
see also White 1988
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras hicksi5 Cook 1927 rhinoceros
F:AM 116022
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Dinohippus sp. Quinn 1955 horse
Equus (Hemionus) sp. Stehlin and Graziosi 1935 horse
"Equus cf. simplicidens" = Equus (Dolichohippus) simplicidens Cope 1892 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Notiosorex sp. Baird 1877 gray shrew
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Bassariscus sp. Coues 1887 ringtail
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
? Martinogale sp. Hall 1930 skunk
Taxidea sp. Waterhouse 1839 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lepophagus Johnston 1938 canine
Borophagus cf. diversidens Cope 1892 bone-crushing dog
probably includes record of Wang et al. 1999 from "Channel Sands Pocket, Panaca Formation... near Panaca"
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felinae indet.1 Trouessart 1885 cat
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
? Cuvieronius sp. Osborn 1923 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Megatylopus sp. Matthew and Cook 1909 camel
Hemiauchenia sp. Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Sinocapra willdownsi n. sp.3 Mead and Taylor 2005 antelope