Erpfinger Hoehle, Swaebische Alb (Pleistocene of Germany)

Where: Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany (48.5° N, 9.1° E: paleocoordinates 48.6° N, 8.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Early Pleistocene.

Environment/lithology: cave

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Site found in April 1953, and first published in 1953. 25 isolated teeth were found in the first instance and compared in date to Val d'Arno, Tegelen, St Vallier, etc.

Primary reference: U. Lehmann. 1953. Eine Villafranchiano-Fauna von der Erpfinger Hohle (Schwabische Alb). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 10:437-464 [A. Behrensmeyer/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 50274: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 11.05.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
Pisidium amnicum Müller 1774 pea clam
Sphaerium corneum fingernail clam
 Unionida - Unionidae
Unio crassus freshwater mussel
Unio sp. Philipsson 1788 freshwater mussel
Gastropoda
 Pulmonata - Clausiliidae
Clausilia sp. Draparnaud 1805 slug
 Pulmonata - Zonitidae
Zonitoides nitidus true glass snail
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
Lymnaea ovata pulmonate
"Limnaea palustris" = Lymnaea palustris Müller 1774 pulmonate
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys cf. newtoni vole
1 right mandible with M1 and M2.
Mimomys pliocaenicus Forsyth Major 1889 vole
1 left upper M1, 1 incisor fragment.
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
Castor fiber plicidens. 1 right mandible, 1 lower left M1, 1 upper right M1.
Trogontherium boisvilletti beaver
1 lower P4, 1 mandible fragment with P4 and M1, 2 other back teeth.
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
? Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
1 incisor fragment, 1 lower right M3.
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
Leporidarum gen. et. spec. indet.
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
"Dicerorhinus etruscus" = Stephanorhinus etruscus
"Dicerorhinus etruscus" = Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
1 upper P2. 1 humerus and 1 femur shaft, 2 upper milk teeth, 6 upper and 4 lower premolars, 8 upper and lower molars, plus some enamel pieces.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus bressanus horse
1 cranial fragment, 1 upper P2.
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
2 lower molars, plus 2 right upper M1, 1 upper right M2, 1 lower M1 right, 1 lower M1 left.
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
2 upper left P3.
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis cf. toscana Schaub 1949 cat
1 upper P4, 1 upper left canine.
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Lycyaena cf. lunensis hyaena
1 upper P3.
Crocuta perrieri spotted hyaena
3 upper left and 2 upper right premolars, 1 upper right canine.
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Gazellospira torticornis antelope
1 left lower M3 with talonid.
Megalovis latifrons antelope
? aff. Soergelia. 1 lower M1.
Deperetia ardea antelope
1 upper M2, 1 upper M3, both right.
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Libralces gallicus Azzaroli 1952 deer
1 lower M3, 1 lower P2.
Cervus cf. philisi deer
2 lower M3, 2 upper premolars.
Cervus cf. nestii deer
1 lower M2, 1 lower M3, 21 lower molars (fragmentary, including 10 lower M3), 10 upper molars, 1 upper and 1 lower premolar, 1 phalange.
aff. Cervus (Euctenoceros) senezensis deer
1 upper M2, 1 premolar fragment.
Cervus (Euctenoceros) dicranios deer
2 upper molars.
"Cervus ramosus" = Croizetoceros ramosus Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
3 lower M3, 1 lower M1, 2 upper molars.
Asteroidea
 Valvatida - Oreasteridae
"Goniodiscus sp." = Culcita
"Goniodiscus sp." = Culcita Presl 1836 sea star
Limnaea
  -
Limnaea sp. Lamarck 1799
Hyalinia
  -