Koro Toro - KT 13 (Pliocene of Chad)

Also known as ETE Locality 1341, Koro Toro 13, Koro Toro - KT 13,

Where: Chad (16.0° N, 18.9° E: paleocoordinates 15.8° N, 18.6° E)

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: "Biochron,fauna like Hadar"

Environment/lithology: fluvial; sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: calm sed environ
• ETE rock type adj: fine, ETE lithology comments: "poor consolidate,fine sndstone"

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: .; ETE reference list: 482, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: M. Brunet, A. Beauvilain, Y. Coppens, E. Heintz, A. H. E. Moutaye and D. Pilbeam. 1995. The first australopithecine 2500 kilometres west of the Rift Valley (Chad). Nature 378:273-275 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22506: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 12.04.2000

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perciformes - Latidae
Lates sp. Cuvier 1828 lates
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
originally entered as "Tionyx sp."
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone sp. Fitzinger 1835 turtle
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
ETE occurrence; species: petit taille
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet. Vigors 1825 waterfowl
ETE occurrence; species: grande taille
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
"Crocodylus lloidi" = Rimasuchus lloydi
"Crocodylus lloidi" = Rimasuchus lloydi Fourtau 1918 crocodile
 Crocodylia -
Tomistoma sp. Müller 1846 false gharial
ETE occurrence; species: nov.sp.
 Primates - Hominidae
Australopithecus sp. Dart 1925 australopithecine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion cf. hasumense" = Eurygnathohippus hasumense
"Hipparion cf. hasumense" = Eurygnathohippus hasumense Eisenmann 1983 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Enhydriodon sp. Falconer 1868 otter
ETE occurrence; species: nov.sp.
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
ETE occurrence; species: taille F.silvestris
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon kaisensis Hopwood 1939 elephant
ETE occurrence; species: stade evolue
Loxodonta aff. exoptata elephant
ETE occurrence; species: aff. adaurora
 Ungulata - Suidae
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
Kolpochoerus afarensis Cooke 1978 pig
originally entered as "Kolpochoerus afarenis"
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
Sivatherium sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Syncerus sp. Hodgson 1847 African buffalo
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Alcelaphini-sm
cf. Parmularius sp. n. sp. Hopwood 1934 antelope
Hippotragini indet. Sundevall 1845 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Hippotragini
Kobus "sp. large tail nov.sp.A" Smith 1840 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: large tail nov.sp.A
Kobus "sp. tail moyenne,nov.sp.B" Smith 1840 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: "tail moyenne,nov.sp.B"
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle