Pikermi (old collection) (Miocene of Greece)

Also known as Pikermi

Where: Attica, Greece (38.0° N, 24.0° E: paleocoordinates 37.7° N, 23.6° E)

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• precise stratigraphy unknown, as the collection was made in several quarries and in different fossiliferous horizons

Environment/lithology: fluvial; lithology not reported

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Reposited in the AMNH, BMNH, MNHN, NHMW

• More material stored in UU, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

Primary reference: A. Gaudry. 1862. Note sur les débris d'oiseaux et de reptiles trouvés a Pikermi (Grece), suivie de quelques remarques de paléontologie générale. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 19:629-640 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 182754: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 23.11.2016, edited by Mark Uhen and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Titanochelon sp.11 Pérez-García and Vlachos 2014 turtle
AMPG material
Testudo marmorum n. sp. Gaudry 1862 turtle
Additional specimens in AMPG (Athens) in Bachmayer & Symeonidis (1970)
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Phasianus archiaci n. sp. Gaudry 1862 pheasant
Gallus aescullapi n. sp. junglefowl
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
Grus pentelici n. sp. crane
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconia gaudryi n. sp.7 Lambrecht 1933 stork
 Squamata -
Squamata indet.3 Oppel 1811 squamates
A trunk vertebra (UU PK 1006), a tooth bearing bone (UU PK 1003)
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet.3 Bonaparte 1831 squamates
A right dentary (UU PK 1001); a left dentary (UU PK 1002); a fragment of a tooth bearing bone (UU PK 1004); an isolated tooth (UU PK 1012)
 Squamata - Varanidae
"Varanus marathonensis n. sp." = Varanus marathonensis14, "Varanus atticus n. sp." = Varanus marathonensis8
"Varanus marathonensis n. sp." = Varanus marathonensis14 Weithofer 1888 monitor lizard
Lectotype. IPUW 1888-001-001, a slab preserving at least a left incomplete maxilla.
"Varanus atticus n. sp." = Varanus marathonensis8 Weithofer 1888 monitor lizard
MNHN material, vertebra
 Squamata - Anguidae
? Anguinae indet.3 Gray 1825 squamates
A caudal vertebra (UU PK 1013)
 Squamata - Boidae
"? Erycinae indet." = Erycidae3
"? Erycinae indet." = Erycidae3 Bonaparte 1825 sand boa
A trunk vertebra (UU PK 1010)
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubridae indet.3 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Three caudal vertebrae (UU PK 1007–UU PK 1009)
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
"Lamprodon primigenius n. gen. n. sp." = Hystrix primigenia12
"Lamprodon primigenius n. gen. n. sp." = Hystrix primigenia12 Wagner 1848 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
"Ancylotherium pentelici n. gen." = Ancylotherium pentelicum2
"Ancylotherium pentelici n. gen." = Ancylotherium pentelicum2 Gaudry and Lartet 1856 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros pachygnathus2 one-horned rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 one-horned rhinoceros
"Rhinoceros schleiermacheri" = Dihoplus schleiermacheri2 Kaup 1834 rhinoceros
Acerorhinus neleus1 Athanassiou et al. 2014 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion gracile2 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela palaeattica n. sp.14 Weithofer 1888 weasel
Gulo primigenius n. sp.9 Roth and Wagner 1854 wolverine
BSPM-PIK-AS II.53 (holotype), right mandibular ramus with c–m1
Promephitis lartetii2 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae sp.2, Machairodus leoninus14, Machairodus schlosseri n. sp.14, "Felis attica n. sp." = Pristifelis attica10, "Machaerodus cultridens" = Drepanodon2
Felidae sp.2 Gray 1821 cat
Machairodus schlosseri n. sp.14 Weithofer 1888 cat
"Felis attica n. sp." = Pristifelis attica10 Wagner 1857 cat
"Machaerodus cultridens" = Drepanodon2 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Choerolophodon pentelici5, "Mastodon atticus n. sp." = Konobelodon atticus13
Choerolophodon pentelici5 Gaudry and Lartet 1856 gomphothere
"Mastodon atticus n. sp." = Konobelodon atticus13 Wagner 1857 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut sp.4 Blumenbach 1799 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
"Dinotherium sp." = Deinotherium2, Deinotherium proavum6
"Dinotherium sp." = Deinotherium2 Kaup 1825 deinothere
Deinotherium proavum6 Eichwald 1835 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata -
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
"Camelopardalis attica" = Bohlinia attica2, Helladotherium duvernoyi2
"Camelopardalis attica" = Bohlinia attica2 Lydekker 1886 giraffe
Helladotherium duvernoyi2 Gaudry and Lartet 1856 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
"Tragocerus valenciennesi" = Miotragocerus valenciennesi2 Gaudry 1861 antelope
Palaeoreas lindermayeri2 Wagner 1848 antelope
"Palaeoryx parvidens" = Sporadotragus parvidens2 Gaudry 1861 antelope
Antidorcas rothii2 springbok
Helicoceras rotundicorne n. gen. n. sp.14 Weithofer 1888 antelope
 Ungulata -