Sharktooth Hill (terrestrial mammals) (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Kern County, California (35.5° N, 118.9° W: paleocoordinates 35.3° N, 113.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Ba1 mammal zone, Round Mountain Member (Temblor Formation), Barstovian (16.0 - 13.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: coastal; siltstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: R. H. Tedford, T. Galusha, M. F. Skinner, B. E. Taylor, R. W. Fields, J. R. Macdonald, J. M. Rensberger, S. D. Webb, and D. P. Whistler. 1987. Faunal succession and biochronology of the Arikareean through Hemphillian interval (late Oligocene through earliest Pliocene epochs) in North America. In M. O. Woodburne (ed.), Cenozoic Mammals of North America: Geochronology and Biostratigraphy 153-210 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 19542: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Aphelops megalodus3 Cope 1873 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapiridae indet. Gray 1821 tapir
Miotapirus sp.3 Schlaikjer 1937 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Anchitheriinae indet.1 Leidy 1869 anchitheriine horse
Parahippus sp.3 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
Hypohippus sp.3 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Pliocyon medius3 Matthew 1918 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Brachypsalis obliquidens3 Sinclair 1915 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Aelurodon sp.3 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
cf. Paratomarctus temerarius3 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Miomastodon sp." = Zygolophodon3
"Miomastodon sp." = Zygolophodon3 Vacek 1877 mastodon
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Miolabinae indet.3 Hay 1902 camel
Aepycamelinae indet.3 Webb 1965 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Synthetoceratinae indet.1 Frick 1937 protoceratid
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Bouromeryx americanus2 Douglass 1899 ruminant