Laetoli Beds Upper (Pliocene of Tanzania)

Also known as Laetolil, Garusi, Southern Serengeti, Vogel River Series

Where: Eastern Drift Valley, Tanzania (3.1° S, 35.1° E: paleocoordinates 3.3° S, 34.7° E)

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Laetoli Beds (upper) Member (Vogel River Series Formation), Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Max age on base of upper unit of Laetolil Bed (3.76+/-0.03), min age on tuff 8 (3.46+/-0.12)

Environment/lithology: eolian; lithified, tuffaceous, gray, calcareous sandstone

• Primarily eolian tuff w/ some airfall tuff & 8 horizons of xenoliths

•Datum Plane: top of lower unit of Laetolil beds

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: mold/impression, trace, replaced with calcite

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (float), surface (in situ), sieve,

Primary reference: M. D. Leakey and J. M. Harris. 1987. Laetoli: a Pliocene Site in Northern Tanzania. Clarendon Press, Oxford, Great Britain [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 32050: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 03.06.2003, edited by Mike Sommers

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Insecta
 Blattodea - Termitidae
Termitidae indet. Latreille 1802 termite
Gastropoda
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone brachygularis" = Stigmochelys brachygularis Meylan and Auffenberg 1987 turtle
Geochelone laetoliensis Meylan and Auffenberg 1987 turtle
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus "sp. large" Stephens 1819 francolin
Francolinus "sp. small" Stephens 1819 francolin
 Galliformes - Numididae
Numida sp. Linnaeus 1766 helmeted guineafowl
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo sp. Dumeril 1806 eagle-owl
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthionidae indet. Vigors 1825 ostrich
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
"Torgos sp." = Aegypius
"Torgos sp." = Aegypius Savigny 1809 Old World vulture
Reptilia
 Squamata - Pythonidae
Python sebae Gmelin 1789 rock python
 Squamata - Elapidae
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Bitis cf. arietans puff adder
arietans/olduvaiensis
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
cf. Paracolobus sp. Leakey 1969 monkey
cf. Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
Parapapio ado Hopwood 1936 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
"Australopithecus afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus
"Australopithecus afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus Weinert 1950 ape
 Primates - Galagidae
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Dendromus sp. Smith 1829 African climbing mice
 Rodentia - Muridae
Steatomys sp. Peters 1846 fat mouse
Tatera cf. inclusa large naked-soled gerbil
Saccostomus major pouched mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Paraxerus sp. Forsyth Major 1893 African Bush Squirrel
Xerus cf. janenschi African ground squirrel
Xerus sp. Hemprich and Ehrenberg 1833 African ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Bathyergidae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Glires - Ierboidae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Diceros bicornis Linnaeus 1758 black rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora capensis Schreber 1776 honey badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon sp. Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890 cat
Felis "sp. small" Linnaeus 1758 cat
Felis "sp. medium" Linnaeus 1758 cat
Felis "sp. large" Linnaeus 1758 cat
Panthera aff. gombaseoegensis cat
gombaseogensis/palaeosinensis
Panthera cf. pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverra leakeyi Petter 1963 civet
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Herpestes ichneumon Linnaeus 1758 Egyptian mongoose
Helogale palaeogracilis dwarf mongoose
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus sp. Geoffroy 1791 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
originally entered as "Deinotherium bozeasi"
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
 Ungulata - Suidae
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus, Potamochoerus porcus
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelus sp. Linnaeus 1758 camel
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatherium maurusium Pomel 1893 giraffe
Giraffa stillei Arambourg 1947 giraffe
Giraffa cf. jumae Leakey 1967 giraffe
originally entered as "cf. jumae cf. jumae"
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Brabovus nanincisus Gentry 1987 antelope
nanincisus
? Raphicerus sp. Smith 1827 antelope
Parmularius pandatus Gentry 1987 antelope
Praedamalis deturi Dietrich 1950 antelope
aff. Pelea sp. Gray 1851 antelope
originally entered as "aff. Pezea sp."
Madoqua avifluminis
  -
"Madoqua avifluminis" = Praemadoqua avifluminis
"Madoqua avifluminis" = Praemadoqua avifluminis Dietrich 1950