Crețești-1 (Miocene of Romania)

Also known as CR-1; Cretesti-1

Where: Ilfov, Romania (46.6° N, 28.0° E: paleocoordinates 47.0° N, 27.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: MN 9 mammal zone, Moldavian Platform Group, Tortonian (11.6 - 7.2 Ma)

• "early Vallesian (MN 9)"

•"The upper Miocene formations of the Moldavian Platform (Eastern Romania) are part of the last sedimentary mega-sequence... which started in the middle Miocene (Badenian). The waters of the Eastern Paratethys that covered the Dacic Basin and southern part of the Moldavian Platform regressed since the Volhynian (i.e., early Sarmatian) and new terrestrial environments have been developed on these emerged lands[...] The fossiliferous deposits at CR-1 are restricted to a rather small area on the roadside, representing an almost horizontal sedimentary succession of about two metres depth.

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; green mudstone and silty sandstone

• "Based on the sedimentology, these rocks may correspond to an ancient floodplain where the sedimentation progressed during periodic floods by fallout from suspension. The bones were accumulated probably by torrents, but they were not carried on too long distances. The anatomical connections are rare and refer only to partial skeletons, excepting the turtles where the limb bones and skulls are often preserved. The large mammal remains occur together with small vertebrates, indicating that there was no grading process due to the water streams. Before the definitive burial, at least part of these bones and teeth were exposed to weathering long enough to suffer damages – the enamel fragments of numerous teeth in the maxillae and mandibles were detached

•and buried at small distance from their initial origin."

• "almost horizontal sedimentary succession of about two metres depth of greenish mudstone interleaved with thin (few centimetres only) silty sand. These sediments are rich in vertebrate remains, but also in freshwater gastropods (e.g., Planorbis sp.)."

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: surface (in situ), sieve,

Primary reference: V. Codrea, M. Venczel, L. Ursachi and B. Răţoi. 2017. A large viper from the early Vallesian (MN 9) of Moldova (Eastern Romania) with notes on the palaeobiogeography of late Miocene ‘‘Oriental vipers". Geobios 50:401-411 [T. Cleary/T. Cleary]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 199755: authorized by Terri Cleary, entered by Terri Cleary on 13.02.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Sediments are rich in vertebrate remains but also in freshwater gastropods (e.g. Planorbis)
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Planorbis sp. Muller 1774 pulmonate
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates sp. Wagler 1830 spadefoot toad
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Protestudo" sp. Chkhikvadze 1970 turtle
"extremely frequent"
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 squamates
 Squamata - Anguidae
sensu lato Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Coronella sp. Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
"Macrovipera sp." = Vipera (Macrovipera)
"Macrovipera sp." = Vipera (Macrovipera) Reuss 1927 pit viper
"frequent". Mentioned in paper: CR.5573/1-3, CR.5574/1-2, cervical vertebrae; CR.5575/1-9, CR.5576/1-4, CR.5577, CR.5578, CR. 5579/1-22, CR. 5580/1-16, middle trunk vertebrae; CR.5581, posterior trunk vertebra; CR.5582, cloacal vertebra; CR.5583, isolated rib
 Squamata - Scincidae
Chalcides sp. Linnaeus 1758 skink
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilinus bredai von Meyer 1848 squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
? Proochotona sp. Chomenko 1914 pika
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Schizogalerix sp. Engesser 1980 hedgehog
spelled "Schizogaleryx" in paper, but referred to Erinaceomorpha so presumably is a mispelling
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Acerorhinus sp. Kretzoi 1942 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion" sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
"very frequent"
 Carnivora -
Adcrocuta eximia Roth and Wagner 1854 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Felidae
Metailurus sp. Zdansky 1924 cat
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Choerolophodon pentelici Gaudry and Lartet 1856 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
Hippopotamodon sp. Lydekker 1877 pig
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Palaeotragus sp. Gaudry 1861 giraffe
mispelled as "Paleotragus" in paper
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Miotragocerus leskewitschi antelope
mispelled as "Miotragoceros" in paper