Kalimantsi (Miocene of Bulgaria)

Also known as KM

Where: Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria (41.5° N, 23.5° E: paleocoordinates 41.1° N, 23.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• "The fossiliferous area around Kalimantsi village in the Middle Struma basin covers a large region (c. 6 km2) of late Miocene deposits including more than 10 known fossil mammal localities (labelled KM sites). Recent biostratigraphic revision demonstrates that all KM sites are of Turolian age.KM-1, belonging to the newly established Gradishte lithocomplex, is likely to yield a fauna of early Turolian age, while other KM faunas (referred to the Strumyani Genetic Lithocomplex) are considered to belong to the middle Turolian (Tzankov et al. 2005; Spassov et al. 2006)"

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: Z. Boev and N. Spassov. 2009. First record of ostriches (Aves, Struthioniformes, Struthionidae) from the late Miocene of Bulgaria with taxonomic and zoogeographic discussion. Geodiversitas 31(3):493-507 [E. Vlachos/P. Kampouridis]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 197445: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Panagiotis Kampouridis on 11.11.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio cf. karatheodoris Forsyth Major 1888 ostrich
NMNHS 16371, tarsometarsus dextra distalis adult individual
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Mesopithecus pentelicus Wagner 1839 monkey
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium brachypus hipparionine horse
 Carnivora -
Adcrocuta eximia Roth and Wagner 1854 carnivoran
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Bohlinia attica Lydekker 1886 giraffe
Helladotherium duvernoyi Gaudry and Lartet 1856 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Palaeoreas lindermayeri Wagner 1848 antelope
Tragoportax cf. amalthea Roth and Wagner 1854 antelope
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle