AMNH Rosebud 5 ( of the United States)

Also known as E. of Porcupine Butte, "Bird Head" of Porcupine Creek

Where: Shannon County, South Dakota (43.2° N, 102.3° W: paleocoordinates 44.0° N, 97.2° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Rosebud Formation, Harrisonian (24.8 - 20.4 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the AMNH

Primary reference: W. D. Matthew and J. R. Macdonald. 1960. Two new species of Oxydactylus from the middle Miocene Rosebud Formation in western South Dakota. American Museum Novitates 2003:1-7 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 17745: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 19.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• NISP 16 (est.)
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Testudo emiliae n. sp." = Stylemys nebrascensis1
"Testudo emiliae n. sp." = Stylemys nebrascensis1 Leidy 1851 turtle
AMNH 6135 (holotype), a partial shell (Hay 1908, pl. 70)
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Diceratherium sp.2 Marsh 1875 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Promartes lepidus n. sp.2 Matthew 1907 mustelid carnivore
see Matthew 1907
Megalictis ferox2 Matthew 1907 mustelid carnivore
confirmed by Hunt and Skolnick 1996;
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Nothocyon minor" = Phlaocyon minor2
"Nothocyon minor" = Phlaocyon minor2 Matthew 1907 bone-crushing dog
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Merychyus minimus2, "Desmatochoerus (Paradesmatochoerus) wyomingensis" = Mesoreodon minor4
Merychyus minimus2 Peterson 1907 oreodont
"Desmatochoerus (Paradesmatochoerus) wyomingensis" = Mesoreodon minor4 Douglass 1903 oreodont
"from mouth of Porcupine Creek Canyon"
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Desmathyus pinensis3 Matthew 1907 peccary
from “3 mi. e of Porcupine [Shannon County, South Dakota]”
 Ungulata - Camelidae
"Oxydactylus exilis n. sp." = Michenia exilis, Oxydactylus lacota n. sp.
"Oxydactylus exilis n. sp." = Michenia exilis Matthew and Macdonald 1960 camel
Oxydactylus lacota n. sp. Matthew and Macdonald 1960 camel
 Ungulata - Moschidae
"Blastomeryx primus" = Problastomeryx primus2
"Blastomeryx primus" = Problastomeryx primus2 Matthew 1908 musk deer