Conglomerate Creek (Eocene of Canada)

Also known as Cypress Hills

Where: Saskatchewan, Canada (49.6° N, 109.9° W: paleocoordinates 51.3° N, 100.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Cypress HIlls Formation, Chadronian (37.2 - 33.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the NMC

• NMC collection

Primary reference: E. D. Cope. 1891. On vertebrata from the Tertiary and Cretaceous rocks of the North West Territory: The species from the Oligocene or Lower Miocene beds of the Cypress Hills. Contributions to Canadian Palaeontology 3:1-25 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 101961: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.01.2011, edited by Mark Uhen and Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• originally figured by Russell 1972
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Amiurus maconnellii n. sp. Cope 1891 catfish
Amiurus cancellatus n. sp. Cope 1891 catfish
Rhineastes rhaeas n. sp. Cope 1891 catfish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amia whiteavesiana n. sp. Cope 1891 bowfin
Amia macrospondyla n. sp. Cope 1891 bowfin
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx leucopotamicus n. sp. Cope 1891 softshell turtle
NMC 6232 - type
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Stylemys nebrascensis Leidy 1851 turtle
 Squamata -
Peltosaurus sp.1 Cope 1872 squamates
CGS 6234, osteoscute 6235, portion of a dentary; 1230, partial maxilla
Mammalia
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
"Palaeolagus turgidus" = Megalagus turgidus
"Palaeolagus turgidus" = Megalagus turgidus Cope 1873 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae
"Menodus selwynianus" = Brontops selwynianus, "Menodus syceras" = Megacerops syceras, Menodus angustigenis, "Menodus proutii" = Titanotherium proutii
"Menodus selwynianus" = Brontops selwynianus Cope 1889 brontothere
"Menodus syceras" = Megacerops syceras Cope 1889 brontothere
Menodus angustigenis Cope 1886 brontothere
"Menodus proutii" = Titanotherium proutii Leidy 1850 brontothere
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
"Chalicotherium bilobatum" = Schizotherium bilobatum
"Chalicotherium bilobatum" = Schizotherium bilobatum Cope 1889 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
"Caenopus pumilus" = Subhyracodon mitis, "Caenopus occidentalis" = Subhyracodon occidentalis
"Caenopus pumilus" = Subhyracodon mitis Cope 1875 rhinoceros
"Caenopus occidentalis" = Subhyracodon occidentalis Leidy 1850 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Anchitherium estonii anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Daphoenictis tedfordi2 Hunt 1974 bear-dog
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
"Oreodontidae indet." = Merycoidodontidae
"Oreodontidae indet." = Merycoidodontidae Cook 1912 oreodont
 Ungulata - Entelodontidae
"Elotherium arctatum" = Archaeotherium coarctatum, "Menodus americanus" = Archaeotherium mortoni
"Elotherium arctatum" = Archaeotherium coarctatum Cope 1889 even-toed ungulate
"Menodus americanus" = Archaeotherium mortoni Leidy 1850 even-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Leptomerycidae
"Leptomeryx semicinctus" = Leptomeryx semicinctus, "Hypertragulus transversus" = Leptomeryx semicinctus, Leptomeryx esulcatus, Leptomeryx mammifer
"Leptomeryx semicinctus" = Leptomeryx semicinctus Cope 1889 ruminant
"Hypertragulus transversus" = Leptomeryx semicinctus Cope 1889 ruminant
Leptomeryx esulcatus Cope 1889 ruminant
Leptomeryx mammifer Cope 1885 ruminant
 Hyaenodonta - Hyainailouridae
Hemipsalodon grandis Cope 1885 eutherian