Clapp Creek at Kingstree, Black River (Paleocene of the United States)

Also known as Locality 3 of Erickson 1998

Where: Williamsburg County, South Carolina (33.7° N, 79.8° W: paleocoordinates 35.1° N, 59.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Rhems Formation (Black Mingo Group), Danian (66.0 - 61.6 Ma)

• Some elements are from younger Neogene strata that have been reworked

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; fine-grained lithology not reported

• finer, clastic shelf sediments

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by L. Smith, D. Holt and V. McCollum in 1971 and 1981

Collection methods: sieve

Primary reference: B. R. Erickson. 1998. Crocodilians of the Black Mingo Group (Paleocene) of the South Carolina Coastal Plain. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series 88(4):196-214 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 115152: authorized by Philip Mannion, entered by Philip Mannion on 29.08.2011, edited by Roger Benson and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

"coprolite" indet.2
CMM-V-4524, with an impression of a hatchling of a Taphrosphys sulcatus. Predator unknown
 Testudines - Macrobaenidae
Osteopygis emarginatus3 Cope 1868 turtle
ChM PV4762, left peripheral 3
 Testudines - Kinosternidae
"Kinosternidae indet." = Kinosternoidea3
"Kinosternidae indet." = Kinosternoidea3 Hay 1892 mud turtle
ChM PV3766, left peripheral 4 ; PV3820, proximal fragment of costal2 or 4; PV3782, PV3803, PV3825, costal fragment
 Testudines - Adocidae
Adocus sp.3 Cope 1868 turtle
ChM PV3297, PV3890, shell fragments.
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Agomphus pectoralis3 Cope 1870 mud turtle
PV4764, peripheral 4; PV4767, distal costal (probably 3 or 5); PV4761, carapace fragment consisting of peripheral 3-4 and distal parts of costals 1-2.
 Testudines - Bothremydidae
Taphrosphyini indet.1 Gaffney et al. 2006 sideneck turtle
ChM PV4763, plastral fragment
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
cf. Alligator sp. Daudin 1809 alligator
Bottosaurus sp. Agassiz 1849 crocodilian
Teeth (including SMM P84.12.7, P84.18.3, P84.18.5, P84.18.6; one in Bruce Lampright collection [cast - SMM P84.18 C) and scute (SMMP 84.12.12)
 Crocodylia -
Thoracosaurus sp. Leidy 1852 crocodilian
Teeth and scute (SMMP 84.12.16)