Bukwa II (Miocene of Uganda)

Also known as BUKII

Where: Uganda (1.3° N, 34.8° E: paleocoordinates 0.1° N, 32.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• revised age estimate for the Bukwa localities of 19.1–19.5 Ma (MacLatchy et al., 2006 MacLatchy, L., A. Deino, and J. Kingston. 2006. An updated chronology for the early Miocene of NE Uganda. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26(3, Supplement):93A.

•.

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - small; claystone and siltstone

• small lake in a forested setting
• green ostracod clay unit within the larger lacustrine tuff and silt beds produces fish fossils

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: A. M. Murray, T. Argyriou, S. Cote and L. MacLatchy. 2017. The fishes of Bukwa, Uganda, a lower Miocene (Burdigalian) locality of East Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 37(3) [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 192070: authorized by Patricia Holroyd, entered by Patricia Holroyd on 06.03.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• plants, ostracods reported present
unclassified
  -
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Potamidae
Potamidae indet.1 Ortmann 1896 crab
Ostracoda
  -
Heterocypris sp.1 Claus 1893 ostracod
Myriapoda
  -
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Maizaniidae
Maizania sp.1 Bourguignat 1889 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
Melanoides tuberculata1 Müller 1774 snail
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria sp.1 Schumacher 1817 slug
 Pulmonata - Subulinidae
Opeas sp.1 Albers 1850 slug
Actinopteri
 Cichliformes - Cichlidae
Pseudocrenilabrinae indet. Fowler 1934 cichlid
 Characiformes - Alestidae
Alestidae indet.
six different morphologies
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet.1 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
Pelomedusidae indet.1 Cope 1868 sideneck turtle
Aves
 Natatores -
Ciconiiformes indet.1 Bonaparte 1854 bird
Reptilia
 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet.1 crocodilian
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Limnopithecus legetet1 Hopwood 1933 ape
 Glires -
 Rodentia - Pedetidae
 Rodentia - Phiomyidae
Ugandamys downsi n. gen. n. sp.2
Ugandamys downsi n. gen. n. sp.2 Winkler et al. 2005 rodent
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotonidae indet.2 Thomas 1897 pika
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp.1 Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
Chilotherium "sp. nov."1 Ringström 1924 rhinoceros
 Ferae -
Carnivora indet.1 Bowditch 1821 carnivoran
 Proboscidea -
Proboscidea indet.1 Illiger 1811 proboscidean
"indeterminate mastodonts"
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
"Dinotherium hobleyi" = Prodeinotherium hobleyi1
"Dinotherium hobleyi" = Prodeinotherium hobleyi1 Andrews 1911 deinothere
 Hyracoidea - Titanohyracidae
"Megalohyrax championi" = Afrohyrax championi1
"Megalohyrax championi" = Afrohyrax championi1 Arambourg 1933 hyrax
 Hyracoidea - Pliohyracidae
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
Myohyrax oswaldi1 Andrews 1914 elephant shrew
 Ungulata - Sanitheriidae
Diamantohyus africanus1 Stromer 1926 even-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
"? Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx1, "Brachyodus aequatorialis" = Masritherium aequatorialis1
"? Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx1 anthracothere
"Brachyodus aequatorialis" = Masritherium aequatorialis1 MacInnes 1951 anthracothere
 Ungulata - Tragulidae
Tragulidae indet.1 Milnes-Edwards 1864 chevrotain
Dorcatherium pigotti1 Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
"Dorcatherium parvum" = Afrotragulus parvus1 Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Palaeomeryx sp.1 von Meyer 1834 ruminant