6 km east of Palasava (Miocene to of India)

Where: Gujarat, India (23.4° N, 71.0° E: paleocoordinates 19.1° N, 70.9° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Chhasra Formation, Langhian to Langhian (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• Based on the mammalian assemblage, Kapur et al. (2019) estimated a Middle Miocene (Langhian-Serravallian; ~14 ± 2 Ma) age

•five ossiferous levels/horizons

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-deltaic; gray, sandy siltstone

• grey silts/clays with sand lenses

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 2007, 2015

Primary reference: V. V. Kapur, M. Pickford, G. Chauhan and M. G. Thakkar. 2019. A Middle Miocene (~14 Ma) vertebrate assemblage from Palasava, Rapar Taluka, Kutch (Kachchh) District, Gujarat State, western India. Historical Biology [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 203629: authorized by Philip Mannion, entered by Philip Mannion on 21.08.2019, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Selachimorpha -
Selachimorpha indet. Nelson 1984 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis sp. Linck 1790 sawfish
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet. Müller 1846
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Cyprinidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 carp-like fish
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet. softshell turtle
Cyclanorbinae indet. softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
Pelomedusidae indet. Cope 1868 sideneck turtle
Aves
 Aves -
Aves indet. bird
BSIP41787 and BSIP41788; possibly represent the family Phoenicopteridae or Ciconiidae
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
Crocodylia indet. Owen 1842 crocodilian
BSIP41779-41785; Crocodylus sp. and/or Tomistoma sp.
 Squamata - Acrochordidae
Acrochordus sp. Hornstedt 1787 snake
BSIP41786
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
BSIP41798
Brachypotherium perimense rhinoceros
BSIP41797
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium sp. Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
BSIP41800 and BSIP41801
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Zygolophodon sp. Vacek 1877 mastodon
BSIP41799
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium sindiense deinothere
BSIP41804
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
BSIP41791
 Ungulata - Sanitheriidae
Sanitherium schlagintweiti von Meyer 1866 even-toed ungulate
BSIP41792 and BSIP41793
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Sivameryx palaeindicus anthracothere
BSIP41794 and BSIP41795
 Ungulata - Tragulidae
Tragulidae indet. Milnes-Edwards 1864 chevrotain
BSIP41796
 Ungulata -
Giraffoidea indet. Gray 1821 ruminant
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope