southwest of Umzamba River (Cretaceous of South Africa)

Also known as Mzamba

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.1° S, 30.2° E: paleocoordinates 48.3° S, 15.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Umzamba Formation, Santonian (86.3 - 83.6 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; coarse-grained, pebbly, sandy conglomerate

• "coarse shelly and sandy rocks with pebbles of dark slates and coarse grits or sandstones"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by A. Rogers, E. Schwarz in 1901

Collection methods: surface (float),

Primary reference: A. W. Rogers and E. H. L. Schwarz. 1902. General survey of the rocks in the southern parts of the Transkei and Pondoland, including a description of the Cretaceous rocks of eastern Pondoland. Annual Report of the Geological Commission, Cape of Good Hope 1901:25-46 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 175261: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 08.12.2015

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Autobranchia -
"Lamellibranchia indet." = Autobranchia
"Lamellibranchia indet." = Autobranchia Groblen 1894 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Cephalopoda
 Ammonitida - Collignoniceratidae
"Ammonites soutoni" = Texanites (Texanites) soutoni, "Ammonites stangeri" = Texanites (Plesiotexanites) stangeri
"Ammonites soutoni" = Texanites (Texanites) soutoni Baily 1855 ammonite
"Ammonites stangeri" = Texanites (Plesiotexanites) stangeri Baily 1855 ammonite
 Nautilida -
Nautilida indet. Agassiz 1847 nautiloid
"Nautilus sp."
Chondrichthyes
 Selachii -
Selachii indet. shark
sharks' teeth
Reptilia
 Testudines -
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines Batsch 1788 turtle
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
cf. Mosasaurus sp. Parkinson 1822 mosasaur
lower jaw