Stratford Hall, Messinian (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Westmoreland County, Virginia (38.2° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 38.3° N, 75.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Claremont Manor Member (Eastover Formation), Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. E. Weems, L. E. Edwards, and B. Landacre. 2017. Geology and biostratigraphy of the Potomac River Cliffs at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Virginia. The Geological Society of America Field Guide 47:125-152 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 179732: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 28.06.2016

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon, Squalus sp.
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Squalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 dogfish shark
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Pteromylaeus sp. Garman 1913 bull ray
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Isurus oxyrhinchus" = Isurus oxyrinchus
"Isurus oxyrhinchus" = Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion eurybathrodon Blake 1862 lemon shark
"Physogaleus contortus" = Galeocerdo contortus Gibbes 1848 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp. hound shark
Actinopteri
 Elopiformes - Megalopidae
Megalops cf. atlanticus Valenciennes 1847
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scomberomorus sp. Lacépède 1802
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon cf. rhomboides Linnaeus 1766 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
 Labriformes - Labridae
 Tetraodontiformes - Tetraodontidae
Sphoeroides sp. Lacépède 1798
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
Diodon sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Aulopiformes - Alepisauridae
Alepisaurus sp. lancetfish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amia sp. Linnaeus 1766 bowfin
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Panalcidae
Miocepphus mcclungi Wetmore 1940 auk
Alca sp. Linnaeus 1758 auk
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Meleagris sp. Linnaeus 1758 turkey
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Merychippus sp. Leidy 1856 horse
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Callophoca obscura Van Beneden 1876 seal
Homiphoca capensis Hendey and Repenning 1972 seal
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Desmathyus sp. Matthew 1907 peccary
Cynorca sp. Cope 1867 peccary
 Cetacea -
Burtinopsis sp. Van Beneden 1872 whale
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
Plesiocetus sp. Van Beneden 1859 rorqual
 Cetacea - Balaenidae
Balaena sp. Linnaeus 1758 bowhead whale
 Cetacea -
Scaldicetus sp. Du Bus 1867 toothed whale
Hadrodelphis sp. Kellogg 1966 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodon sp. Kellogg 1927 toothed whale
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
Monocots
 Poales - Poaceae
Poaceae indet. Barnhart 1895
Dicotyledonae
 Juglandales - Hamamelidae
Carya sp. Nuttall 1818 hickory
Magnoliopsida
 Sapindales - Aceraceae
Acer sp. Linnaeus 1753 maple
 Caryophyllales - Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Asterales - Asteraceae
Asteraceae indet. von Berchtold and Presl 1820
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Betula sp. Linnaeus 1753 birch
Alnus sp. Miller 1768 alder
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
Aetobatus
  - Aetobatidae
Aetobatus sp. Blainville 1816