Lee Creek, Pungo River Fm. (Miocene to of the United States)

Where: Beaufort County, North Carolina (35.4° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 35.6° N, 73.0° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pungo River Formation, Aquitanian to Aquitanian (23.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• Age after Ward 2008.

Environment/lithology: marine; carbonate

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: salvage, surface (float),

Primary reference: J. R. Boreske, L. Goldberg, and B. Cameron. 1972. A reworked cetacean with clam borings: Miocene of North Carolina. Journal of Paleontology 46(1):130-139 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 48887: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 03.04.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Rotaliina
 Buliminacea - Siphogenerinoididae
 Rotaliina - Bolivinidae
 Globigerinaceae - Globigerinidae
 Globigerinaceae - Globorotaliidae
Spiroplectammina
  - Spiroplectamminidae
 Globigerinina - Hedbergellidae
Textulariina
 Textulariacea - Textulariidae
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Chesapecten coccymelus6 Dall 1898 scallop
Pecten humphreysii6 Conrad 1842 scallop
subspecies humphreysii
Pecten mclellani n. sp.6 Gibson 1987 scallop
Amusium sp.6 Röding 1798 scallop
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Ecphora (Stenomphalus) aurora13 Wilson 1987 murex snail
Ecphora (Ecphora) pamlico13 Wilson 1987 murex snail
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia sp.4 Bronn 1838 nautiloid
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp.10 Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias cf. vulpinus10 Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
Alopias cf. superciliosus10 Lowe 1840 thresher shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis10
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis10 Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon10
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon10 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
units 4-6, upper part of the Pungo River Fm. Also studied in Pimiento and Balk
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp.10 Link 1790 guitarfish
 Myliobatiformes - Mobulidae
Mobula sp.10 Rafinesque 1810 devil ray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis cf. americana10 Hildebrand and Schroeder 1928 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis say10 Lesueur 1817 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp.10 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Pteromylaeus sp.10 Garman 1913 bull ray
Plinthicus stenodon10 Cope 1869 eagle ray
 Echinorhiniformes - Echinorhinidae
Echinorhinus cf. blakei10 Agassiz 1856 shark
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinus sp.10 de Blainville 1816 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon subauriculatus" = Carcharocles chubutensis10
"Carcharodon subauriculatus" = Carcharocles chubutensis10 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
units 4-5, lower and middle part of the Pungo River Fm.
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus oxyrinchus10, "Carcharias cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata10
Isurus oxyrinchus10 Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
"Carcharias cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata10 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Megachasmidae
Megachasma sp.10 Taylor et al. 1983 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis ferox10 Risso 1826 sand tiger shark
Odontaspis cf. acutissima10 Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Carcharias sp.10 Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion brevirostris10 Poey 1868 lemon shark
Galeocerdo sp.10 Müller and Henle 1837 tiger shark
Galeocerdo contortus10 Gibbes 1848 tiger shark
Carcharhinus brachyurus10 Gunther 1870 requiem shark
Carcharhinus falciformis10 Bibron 1841 requiem shark
Carcharhinus perezi10 Poey 1876 requiem shark
Carcharhinus leucas10 Valenciennes 1839 requiem shark
Carcharhinus plumbeus10 Nardo 1827 requiem shark
? Rhizoprionodon sp.10 Whitley 1929 sharpnose shark
Triaenodon obesus10 Ruppell 1835 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna zygaena10 Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna cf. media10 Springer 1940 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Paragaleus sp.10, "Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus10
Paragaleus sp.10 Budker 1935 ground shark
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus10 Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus cf. affinis10 Probst 1878 school shark
Hypogaleus sp.10 Smith 1957 hound shark
Mustelus sp.10 hound shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp.10 Blainville 1816 shark
 Orectolobiformes - Parascylliidae
Megascyliorhinus miocaenicus10 Antunes and Jonet 1969 collared carpetshark
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Rhincodon sp.10 Smith 1829 whale shark
 Orectolobiformes - Orectolobidae
Ginglymostoma sp.10 Müller and Henle 1838 wobbegong
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus sp.10 Bleeker 1859 saw shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Actinopteri
 Elopiformes - Megalopidae
Megalops cf. atlanticus10 Valenciennes 1847
 Istiophoriformes - Istiophoridae
Hemirhabdorhynchus sp.10 Casier 1946
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena cf. barracuda10 Edwards 1771 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Sarda aff. sarda10 Bloch 1791
Thunnus sp.10 South 1845
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon cf. rhomboides10 Linnaeus 1766 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Pogonias cf. cromis10 Cope 1869 black drum
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
 Tetraodontiformes - Monacanthidae
Aluterus sp.10 Cloquet 1816 Leatherjacket
 Siluriformes - Ariidae
Bagre sp.10 Mitchill 1815 Ariid catfish
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Larus sp.9 Linnaeus 1758 gull
 Charadriiformes - Panalcidae
Miocepphus mcclungi9 Wetmore 1940 auk
 Ornithurae -
Galliformes indet.9 Temminck 1820 fowl
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Phasianidae indet.9 Horsfield 1821 pheasant
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Galliformes - Cracidae
? Ortalis sp.9 Merrem 1786 chachalaca
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet.9 Vigors 1825 waterfowl
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
? Balearica sp.9 Brisson crowned cranes
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallidae indet.9 Vigors 1825 rail
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Gaviiformes - Gaviidae
Gavia egeriana9 Svec 1982 loon
? Colymboides sp.9 Milne-Edwards 1867 loon
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus sp.9, "Puffinus aff. gravis" = Ardenna gravis9
Puffinus sp.9 Brisson 1760 shearwater
"Puffinus aff. gravis" = Ardenna gravis9 O'Reilly 1818 great shearwater
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae indet.9 Sundevall 1836 stork
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
Ciconia "speciesone"9 Brisson 1760 stork
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Morus loxostylus9 Cope 1870 gannet
Morus atlanticus9 Shufeldt 1915 gannet
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
? Nanosiren sp.3 Domning and Aguilera 2008 dugong
 Cetacea -
Odontoceti indet.7 Flower 1867 toothed whale
cf. Champsodelphis sp.11 Gervais 1852 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodontidae indet.11 Brandt 1873 toothed whale
Squalodon sp.11 Grateloup 1840 toothed whale
Squalodon calvertensis11 Kellogg 1923 toothed whale
Squalodon tiedemani Allen 1887 toothed whale
found in the Yorktown Formation, but thought to be reworked from the Pungo River
Squalodon cf. whitmorei11 Dooley 2005 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Platanistidae
Araeodelphis cf. natator11 Kellogg 1957 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Squalodelphinidae
aff. Phocageneus venustus11 Leidy 1869 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.11 Gray 1821 sperm whale
several hundred sperm whale teeth
cf. Physeteridae indet.7 Gray 1821 sperm whale
 Cetacea -
"Tretosphys gabbii" = Delphinapterus gabbii11, "aff. Lophocetus pappus" = Liolithax pappus11, aff. Atocetus sp.11
"Tretosphys gabbii" = Delphinapterus gabbii11 Cope 1868 toothed whale
"aff. Lophocetus pappus" = Liolithax pappus11 Kellogg 1955 toothed whale
aff. Atocetus sp.11 Muizon 1988 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Pontoporiidae
Pontoporiidae indet.7 Gray 1870 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodontidae indet.7 Slijper 1936 toothed whale
Delphinodon dividum11 True 1912 toothed whale
Kentriodon sp.11 Kellogg 1927 toothed whale
Kentriodon schneideri n. sp.11 Whitmore and Kaltenbach 2008 toothed whale
 Cetacea -
Delphinodon cf. mento11 Cope 1867 toothed whale
cf. Phococetus sp.2 Gervais 1876 toothed whale
USHM 51878, CCNHM 1836
Nannolithax sp.11 Kellogg 1931 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
Eurhinodelphinidae indet.7 Abel 1901 toothed whale
Xiphiacetus sp.11 Lambert 2005 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.7 Gray 1850 beaked whale
Anoplonassa sp.11 Cope 1869 beaked whale
aff. Ninoziphius platyrostris7 Muizon 1983 beaked whale
Chrysophyceae
 Phytomastigophora - Dictyochaceae
Dictyochophyceae
 Dictyochales -
Paralia sulcata
  -
Paralia sulcata1 Ehrenberg 1838
Thalassionema
  -
Cymatogonia
  -
Endictya
  -
Hemiaulus
  -
Actinoptychus
  -
Actinoptychus senarius
  -
Actinoptychus senarius1 Ehrenberg 1838
Melosira
  -
Melosira westii1, "Paralia complexa" = Melosira complexa1
Melosira westii1 Smith 1856
"Paralia complexa" = Melosira complexa1 Lohman 1948
Pseudopyxilla americana
  -
Pseudopyxilla americana1 Ehrenberg 1843
Clavicula
  -
Clavicula polymorpha1
var. aspicephala
Navicula
  -
Lithodesmium
  -
Thalassiosira
  -
Thalassiosira "a"1 Cleve 1873
Thalassiosira "b"1 Cleve 1873
Pseudodimerogramma
  -
Asteromphalus
  -
Cymatosira
  -
Anaulus
  -
Anaulus mediterraneus1
var. intermedia
Craspedodiscus
  -
Synedra
  -
Raphidodiscus
  -
Triceratium
  -
Mediaria
  -
Cladogramma
  -
Pleurosigma
  -
Pleurosigma affine1 Grunow 1880
var. marylandica
Diploneis
  -
Diploneis crabro1 Ehrenberg 1844
Rhizosolenia
  -
Cussia
  -
Liradiscus
  -
Liradiscus ovalis
  -
Liradiscus ovalis1 Greville 1865
Sceptroneis
  -
Stictodiscus
  -
Annellus
  -
Rhaphoneis
  -
Coscinodiscus
  -
Hyalodiscus laevis
  -
Hyalodiscus laevis1 Ehrenberg 1845
Xanthiopyxis
  -
Xanthiopyxis sp.1 Ehrenberg 1845
Delphineis
  -
Trochosira
  -
Nitzschia
  -
Nitzschia "b"1 Hassal 1845
Stephanogonia actinoptychus
  -
Goniothecium rogersii
  -
Goniothecium rogersii1 Ehrenberg 1843
Dicladia
  -
Cyclotella
  -
Actinocyclus
  -
Actinocyclus octonarius
  -
Actinocyclus octonarius1 Ehrenberg 1838
Actinocyclus
  -
Actinocyclus tenellus1 Brébisson 1854
Actinocyclus ingens1 Rattray 1890
Stephanopyxis
  -
Stephanopyxis corona
  -
Stephanopyxis corona1 Ehrenberg 1845
Stephanopyxis
  -
Stephanopyxis turris1 Greville and Arnot 1857
Trinacria
  -
Pyxilla
  -
Biddulphia
  -
Rouxia
  -
Periptera tetracladia
  -
Periptera tetracladia1 Ehrenberg 1845
Dossetia
  -
Dossetia hyalina1 Andrews 1976
Macrora
  -
Aetobatus
  - Aetobatidae
Aetobatus sp.10 Blainville 1816