North Carolina Lime Co. [Castle Hayne Lmst] (Eocene of the United States)

Where: Jones County, North Carolina (35.0° N, 77.6° W: paleocoordinates 34.8° N, 68.4° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Castle Hayne Formation, Bartonian (41.3 - 38.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; lithified, shelly/skeletal wackestone

• The depositional environment of the Castle Hayne Formation exhibits subtropical temperatures at shallow shelf depths.
• a bryozoan biomicrudite 2.5 m thick according to baum (1978, pers. comm.)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: P. M. Kier. 1980. The Echinoids of the Middle Eocene Warley Hill Formation, Santee Limestone, and Castle Hayne Limestone of North and South Carolina. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 39:1-102 [A. Miller/K. Layou]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 5387: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Karen Layou on 29.09.1999, edited by Mark Uhen and Austin Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Maxillopoda
 Scalpelliformes - Calanticidae
Euscalpellum carolinensis3 Zullo and Baum 1981 barnacle
Chondrichthyes
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Odontaspis ? koerti" = Otodus koerti1
"Odontaspis ? koerti" = Otodus koerti1 Stromer 1910 dogfish shark
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatidae indet.1 Jordan 1888 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera "sp. 1"1 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
Rhinoptera "sp. 2"1 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
Rhinoptera sp.1 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
or Myliobatis
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.1 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis curvidens1 Leidy 1855 sawfish
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Procarcharodon angustidens" = Otodus (Carcharocles) angustidens1
"Procarcharodon angustidens" = Otodus (Carcharocles) angustidens1 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus americanus1 mako shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp.1 Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Striatolamia macrota1 Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Euselachii - Mitsukurinidae
Anomotodon nova1 goblin shark
Actinopteri
 Istiophoriformes - Xiphiidae
 Carangiformes - Carangidae
Carangidae indet.1 Rafinesque 1815
 Alepisauriformes - Dercetidae
Cylindracanthus rectus1 Agassiz 1843
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Protosirenidae
Protosiren sp.1 Abel 1904 sirenian
 Cetacea - Basilosauridae
Basilosauridae indet.2 Cope 1867 whale
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris pratti Clark and Twitchell 1915 pencil urchin
 Spatangoida - Schizasteridae
Linthia hanoverensis Kellum 1926 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Brissidae
Eupatagus carolinensis Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Protoscutellidae
Periarchus lyelli Conrad 1834 sand dollar