Máriahalom (Oligocene of Hungary)

Where: Hungary (47.6° N, 18.7° E: paleocoordinates 44.6° N, 16.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Mány Member (Törökbálint Formation), Rupelian (33.9 - 28.1 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lagoonal; sandstone

• The Törökbálint Formation includes deposits from different palaeoenvironments including brackish to normal marine conditions (Korpás 1981; Nagymarosy 2012). The Mány Member, with a predominantly brackish mollusc community (e.g. Pirenella, Polymesoda, Potamides, Brotia; Báldi and Cságoly 1975), represents a transition between alluvial and normal marine conditions and is interpreted as a product of lagoonal environments (Báldi 1967; Nagymarosy and Gyalog 1997; Nagymarosy 2012).

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. Szabo, G. Botfalvai, L. Kocsis, G. Carnevale, O. Sztano, Z. Evanics, and M. Rabi. 2017. Upper Oligocene marine fishes from nearshore deposits of the Central Paratethys (Máriahalom, Hungary). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 186636: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 28.06.2017, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
Cosmopolitodus sp. Glükman 1964 elasmobranch
 Euselachii -
Myliobatiformes indet. Compagno 1973 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Aetomylaeus sp. Garman 1908 eagle ray
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Rhinoptera cf. schultzi Hiden 1995 cownose ray
Rhinoptera cf. studeri Agassiz 1843 cownose ray
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspididae indet. Müller and Henle 1839 sand tiger shark
Carcharoides catticus Philippi 1846 sand tiger shark
"Carcharias cf. acutissima" = Odontaspis acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Carcharias gustrowensis Winkler 1875 sand shark
Araloselachus cuspidatus Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinidae indet. Jordan and Evermann 1896 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata Leriche 1910 hammerhead shark
Actinopteri
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Palaeorhynchidae
Aglyptorhynchus sp. Casier 1966
 Scombriformes - Trichiuridae
 Acanthuriformes - Sciaenidae
Sciaena sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Acanthomorphata - Moronidae
aff. Morone sp. Mitchill 1814 temperate bass
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Cuvier 1817
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Pachycynodon boriei bear
MTM VER 2016.3619 and 3620
 Carnivora -
Mustelida "gen. et sp. indet. 1" Tedford 1976 carnivoran
MTM VER 2016.3621; cf. Amphictis or Franconictis
Mustelida "gen. et sp. indet. 2" Tedford 1976 carnivoran
MTM VER 2016.3622
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Potamotherium valletoni mustelid carnivore
MTM VER 2016.3616-3618