Echinoderms, Late Oligocene, Sternberg (Oligocene of Germany)

Where: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (53.7° N, 11.8° E: paleocoordinates 53.6° N, 8.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Chattian (28.1 - 23.0 Ma)

• Dated as Upper Oligocene

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shoreface; poorly lithified, calcareous sandstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

Primary reference: M. Kutscher. 1981. Die Echinodermen des Oberoligozäns von Sternberg. Zeitschrift für geologische Wissenschaften 9(2):221-239 [L. Villier/L. Villier/L. Villier]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 32012: authorized by Loic Villier, entered by Loic Villier on 31.05.2003, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Ctenochelidae
Ctenocheles cf. rupeliensis Beurlen 1939 decapod
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina angeloides Van Beneden 1873 angel shark
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
Squalus alsaticus, "Megasqualus aff. orpiensis" = Squalus orpiensis
Squalus alsaticus dogfish shark
"Megasqualus aff. orpiensis" = Squalus orpiensis Winkler 1874 dogfish shark
 Rajiformes -
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja cf. terhagenensis Steurbaut and Herman 1978 skate
Raja cf. casieri Steurbaut and Herman 1978 skate
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis cavernosa Probst 1877 whiptail stingray
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus Leriche 1908 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Synodontaspis crassidens sand tiger shark
Palaeohypotodus sp. Glükman 1964 sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata Leriche 1910 hammerhead shark
 Euselachii - Mitsukurinidae
Mitsukurina lineata goblin shark
Osteichthyes
  -
Merlangius aff. pseudoaeglefinus, "Otolithus (Percidarum) elongatus" = Percidarum
"Otolithus (Percidarum) elongatus" = Percidarum bony fish
Actinopteri
 Anguilliformes - Congridae
Uroconger ovalis conger eel
Congridarum sp. Kaup 1856 conger eel
 Albuliformes - Pterothrissidae
Pterothrissus umbonatus Koken 1884 bonefish
 Scorpaeniformes - Triglidae
Triglidarum sp. Risso 1826 sea robin
 Anacanthini -
"Macrurus ellipticus" = Otolithus (Macrurus)
"Macrurus ellipticus" = Otolithus (Macrurus)
 Argentiniformes - Argentinidae
 Beryciformes - Trachichthyidae
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
 Pleuronectiformes - Bothidae
 Pleuronectiformes - Pleuronectidae
 Scombriformes - Centrolophidae
 Ophidiiformes - Carapidae
 Ophidiiformes - Ophididae
 Perciformes - Serranidae
Centropristis integer perch-like fish
Serranus krefeldensis perch-like fish
Serranus sp. Cuvier 1817 perch-like fish
Allomorone varians perch-like fish
Paralabrax splendens perch-like fish
 Perciformes -
Smerdis cf. rhenanus perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Trachinidae
Trachinus verus perch-like fish
Trachinus sp. Linnaeus 1758 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
 Acanthomorphata - Moronidae
Morone limburgensis temperate bass
 Spariformes - Sparidae
 Gadiformes - Ranicipitidae
Raniceps sp. Oken 1817
sp. 1 & 2
 Gadiformes - Gadidae
Mammalia
 Cetacea -
Cetacea indet. Brisson 1762 whale
 Cetacea - Acrodelphinidae
"aff. Acrodelphidae indet." = Acrodelphinidae
"aff. Acrodelphidae indet." = Acrodelphinidae Abel 1905 toothed whale
Ophiuroidea
 Ophiurida - Ophiolepididae
? Ophiomusium sp. Lyman 1869 brittle star
5 lateral plates
 Ophiurida - Ophiuridae
? Ophiura sternbergica Kutscher 1981 brittle star
1 arm fragment, 80 laterals, 2 vertebrae, 5 radials, 6 oral shields, 6 dorsal shields
Asteroidea
 Paxillosida - Astropectinidae
Astropecten granulatus Rasmussen 1972 sea star
marginal plates
 Valvatida - Goniasteridae
Ceramaster cf. brandenensis Rasmussen 1951 sea star
marginal plates
Echinoidea
 Temnopleuroida -
Arbacina pusilla sea urchin
fragments
 Clypeasteroida - Fibulariidae
Echinocyamus ovatus sand dollar
whole test
Crinoidea
 Isocrinida - Isocrinidae
Isocrinus sp. Meyer in Agassiz 1836 Sea lily
2 stalk fragments, 11 cirrae, 8 brachials
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
"Caryophyllia granulata" = Ceratocyathus granulatus
"Caryophyllia granulata" = Ceratocyathus granulatus Goldfuss 1826 stony coral