Austin Sand Pit (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Dorchester County, South Carolina (33.1° N, 80.3° W: paleocoordinates 33.1° N, 80.3° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Waccamaw Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Age after Boessenecker et al 2018.

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: S. J. Boessenecker, R. W. Boessenecker, and J. Geisler. 2017. Youngest record of extinct walrus Ontocetus ommonsi (Carnivora: Odobenidae): Plio-Pleistocene Austin Sand Pit, South Carolina, USA. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Program and Abstracts 2017:83 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 188304: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 28.08.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias vulpinus Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Carcharodon hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Carcharodon hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis centroura Mitchill 1814 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Parotodus benedeni Le Hon 1871 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias taurus Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion eurybathrodon Blake 1862 lemon shark
Galeocerdo cuvieri Peron and LeSueur 1822 tiger shark
Carcharhinus leucas Valenciennes 1839 requiem shark
Rhizoprionodon sp. Whitley 1929 sharpnose shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Rhincodon typus Smith 1828 whale shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notorhynchus sp. Ayres 1855 sevengill shark
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes - Acipenseridae
 Scorpaeniformes - Triglidae
Prionotus sp. Lacépède 1802 sea robin
 Istiophoriformes - Istiophoridae
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Pogonias sp. Lacépède 1802
cf. Sciaenops sp. Gill 1863
 Tetraodontiformes - Tetraodontidae
Sphoeroides hyperostosus Tyler et al. 1992
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
 Tetraodontiformes - Monacanthidae
Aluterus sp. Cloquet 1816 Leatherjacket
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Macrochelys sp. Gray 1856 alligator snapping turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 turtle
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator sp. Daudin 1809 alligator
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoroides sp. Foster 1838 giant beaver
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Neochoerus sp. Hay 1926 caviomorph
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Odobenidae
Ontocetus emmonsi Leidy 1859 walrus
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Eremotherium sp. Spillmann 1948 edentate
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
cf. Holmesina sp. Simpson 1930 edentate
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
cf. Cuvieronius sp. Osborn 1923 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet. Gray 1821 camel
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
Balaenoptera borealina Van Beneden 1880 rorqual
Balaenoptera "borealina"
Megaptera sp. Gray 1846 humpback whale
 Cetacea - Balaenidae
Balaenula sp. Van Beneden 1872 right whale
Balaena cf. mysticetus Linnaeus 1758 bowhead whale
 Cetacea - Cetotheriidae
Herpetocetus sp. Van Beneden 1872 whale
 Cetacea - Eschrichtiidae
Eschrichtius cf. robustus Van Beneden and Gervais 1868 gray whale
 Cetacea - Kogiidae
Kogiidae indet. Miller 1923 pygmy sperm whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
cf. Physeterula sp. Van Beneden 1877 sperm whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
cf. Astadelphis sp. Bianucci 1996 dolphin