Belgrade Quarry, Belgrade Formation (Oligocene of the United States)

Where: Onslow County, North Carolina (34.9° N, 77.2° W: paleocoordinates 34.9° N, 71.7° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: N3 foram zone, Haywood Landing Member (Belgrade Formation), Late/Upper Oligocene (28.4 - 23.0 Ma)

• JA: said to be early Miocene, but the Haywood Landing Member belongs to planktonic foram zone N3, which is late Oligocene (Rossbach and Carter 1991)

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified, phosphatic, shelly/skeletal, calcareous sandstone

• sand, slightly calcareous, very phosphatic, shelly

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: L. W. Ward. 1992. Molluscan biostratigraphy of the Miocene Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain of North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History 2 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 71651: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 02.05.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Anomalocardia floridana" = Anadara (Sectiarca) floridana, "Anadara silverdalensis" = Cunearca silverdalensis
"Anomalocardia floridana" = Anadara (Sectiarca) floridana Conrad 1846 ark
"Anadara silverdalensis" = Cunearca silverdalensis Kellum 1926 ark
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Dimarzipecten crocus Ward 1992 scallop
Rebeccapecten berryae Ward 1992 scallop
 Carditida - Astartidae
Astarte claytonrayi Ward 1992 clam
Astarte onslowensis Kellum 1926 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Venericardia nodifera Kellum 1926 clam
Cyclocardia trentensis Ward 1992 clam
 Pholadida - Myidae
Mya wilsoni Ward 1992 softshell clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Mercenaria capax Conrad 1843 quahog
"Chione spada" = Chione (Chamelea) spada Dall 1903 venus clam
"Macrocallista acuminata" = Macrocallista (Macrocallista) acuminata Dall 1903 venus clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax idoneus Conrad 1872 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Dinocardium taphrium Dall 1900 cockle
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Stewartia anodonta Say 1824 clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycon spiniger Conrad 1865 whelk
subspecies onslowensis
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Fusinus hoffmani Ward 1992 snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Typhis siphonifera" = Siphonochelus (Pilsbrytyphis) siphonifera Dall 1915 murex snail
Tritonopsis gilletti Richards 1943 murex snail
Tritonopsis biconica Dall 1915 murex snail
Ecphora tampaensis Dall 1890 murex snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Sinum imperforatum Dall 1915 moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella tampae Heilprin 1887 turret shell
unclassified
  -
Vertebrata indet. Lamarck 1801
bone
Gnathostomata
  -
Chondrichthyes indet. Huxley 1880 cartilaginous fish
shark teeth
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Plinthicus stenodon Cope 1869 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Anoxypristis sp. White and Moy-Thomas 1941 sawfish
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharocles angustidens Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp. Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus aduncas requiem shark
Negaprion sp. Whitley 1940 lemon shark
Galeocerdo casei tiger shark
or G. mayumbensis
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Nebrius sp. Rüppell 1837 nurse shark
or Ginglymostoma sp.
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notorhynchus primigenius Agassiz 1843 sevengill shark
Actinopteri
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon sp. Holbrook 1855 perch-like fish
Reptilia
 Testudines -
Testudines indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet. crocodilian
Mammalia
 Cetacea - Xenorophidae
Albertocetus meffordorum Uhen 2008 toothed whale
USNM 559392
Echovenator sp. Churchill et al. 2016 toothed whale
unclassified
  -
Plantae indet. Haeckel 1866
wood