Hawera (Pliocene of New Zealand)

Where: Hawera, New Zealand (39.6° S, 174.3° E: paleocoordinates 41.2° S, 174.8° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Tangahoe Formation, Waipipian (3.6 - 3.0 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore shelf; sandstone and siltstone

• shelf to shoreline, shallow marine, heavy wave activity

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. W. A. McKee. 1987. The occurrence of the Pliocene penguin Tereingaornis mosleyi (Sphenisciformes: Sphenicidae) at Hawera, Taranaki, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 14:557-561 [J. Hunter/J. Rezza/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 28039: authorized by John Hunter, entered by John Hunter on 21.01.2003, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo sp. Müller and Henle 1837 tiger shark
 Orectolobiformes - Parascylliidae
Megascyliorhinus cooperi Cappetta and Ward 1977 collared carpetshark
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus lanceolatus Davis 1888 saw shark
 Chimaeriformes -
Chimaeriformes indet. Obruchev 1953 chimaera
sp. A, sp. B
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhynchidae
Callorhynchus milii plownose chimaera
Callorhynchus sp. Cuvier 1829 plownose chimaera
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
sp. A, B
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
Pelagornithidae indet. Fürbringer 1888 bird
 Natatores -
Procellariiformes indet. Fürbringer 1888 bird
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus sp. Brisson 1760 shearwater
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Tereingaornis moisleyi Scarlett 1983 penguin
possibly 1 individual
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet. Gray 1821 seal
sp. A, B, C
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
sp, A, B, C, D
 Cetacea -
Odontoceti indet. Flower 1867 toothed whale
long-snouted dolphin
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
Delphinidae indet. Gray 1821 dolphin
sp. A, B
Orcinus sp. Fitzinger 1860 killer whale
Pseudorca sp. Reinhardt 1862 false killer whale
Delphinus sp. Linnaeus 1758 common dolphin
or Stenella
Delphinus aff. delphis Linnaeus 1758 short-beaked common dolphin
Climo, F. M. unpublish MS
 Cetacea - Ziphiidae
aff. Mesoplodon sp. Gervais 1850 beaked whale