Cantaure Formation (Miocene of Venezuela)

Where: Paraguana, Venezuela (12.0° N, 70.0° W: paleocoordinates 11.1° N, 66.4° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Cantaure Formation, Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; gypsiferous, sandy claystone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: O. Aguilera and D. R. de Aguilera. 2004. Giant-toothed White Sharks and Wide-toothed Mako (Lamnidae) from the Venezuela Neogene: Their Role in the Caribbean, Shallow-water Fish Assemblage. Caribbean Journal of Science 40(3):368-382 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/C. Pimiento]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 118106: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.10.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
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Chondrichthyes
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Most likely it is C. subauriculatus
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus sp. Müller and Henle 1837 wedgefish
 Myliobatiformes - Mobulidae
Mobula sp. Rafinesque 1810 devil ray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Plinthicus stenodon Cope 1869 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis sp. Linck 1790 sawfish
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon subauriculatus" = Carcharocles chubutensis
"Carcharodon subauriculatus" = Carcharocles chubutensis Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion eurybathrodon Blake 1862 lemon shark
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus ackermani Santos and Travasos 1960 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Paragaleus sp. Budker 1935 ground shark
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Orectolobiformes - Orectolobidae
Ginglymostoma delfortriei Daimeries 1889 wobbegong
Actinopteri
 Anguilliformes - Heterenchelyidae
Pythonichthys sp. Poey 1868 eel
 Anguilliformes - Congridae
Paraconger guianensis Kanazawa 1961 conger eel
Rhynchoconger aff. flavus Goode and Bean 1896 conger eel
Ariosoma balearicum Delaroche 1809 conger eel
Conger sp. Schaeffer 1760 conger eel
 Mugiliformes - Mugilidae
Mugil aff. cephalus Linnaeus 1758
 Acanthomorphata - Menidae
Mene sp. Lacépède 1803 moonfish
 Carangiformes - Lactariidae
 Carangiformes - Carangidae
Trachurus sp. Lacépède 1802
 Acanthomorphata - Centropomidae
 Pleuronectiformes - Cynoglossidae
Symphurus sp. flatfish
 Pleuronectiformes - Paralichthyidae
Citharichthys sp. Bleeker 1862 flatfish
 Kurtiformes - Apogonidae
Apogon sp. Lacépède 1802 Cardinalfish
 Perciformes -
Ctenosciaena aff. gracilicirrhus Metzelaar 1919 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Pomadasyidae
Pomadasys sp. Lacépède 1802 perch-like fish
 Perciformes -
Orthopristis sp. Girard 1858 perch-like fish
Orthopristis aff. ruber Cuvier 1830 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Haemulidae
 Acanthomorphata - Lutjanidae
Pristipomoides sp. Bleeker 1852
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Aplodinotus hoffmani Nolf and Aguilera 1998
Aplodinotus longecaudatus Nolf and Aguilera 1998
Equetus davidandrewi Nolf and Aguilera 1998
Equetus aff. punctatus Bloch and Schneider 1801
Sciaena sp. Linnaeus 1758
Larimus henrii Nolf and Aguilera 1998
 Holocentriformes - Holocentridae
Myripristis sp. Cuvier 1827
 Gadiformes - Bregmacerotidae
Bregmaceros sp. Thompson 1840
 Myctophiformes -
Hygophum hygomi Lütken 1892 Bermuda lantern fish
 Myctophiformes - Myctophidae
Diaphus sp. Eigenmann 1890 lanternfish
Diaphus aff. regani Taning 1932 lanternfish
Diaphus aff. problematicus Parr 1928 lanternfish
 Clupeiformes -
 Siluriformes - Ariidae
Arius aff. keesleri Ariid catfish
Plotosus sp. Bloch 1794 Ariid catfish
Mammalia
 Sirenia -
Sirenia indet. Illiger 1811 sirenian
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