Stratford Hall, Calabrian (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Westmoreland County, Virginia (38.2° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 38.2° N, 76.6° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Bahramsville Member (Bacons Castle Formation), Calabrian (1.8 - 0.8 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; lithology not reported

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Primary reference: R. Eshelman and F. Grady. 1986. Quaternary vertebrate localities of Virginia and their avian and mammalian fauna. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Publication 75:43-70 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 104698: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 08.02.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Actinopteri
 Centrarchiformes - Centrarchidae
Lepomis macrochirus sunfish
nest
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Pseudemys sp. Gray 1856 cooter
footprint
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna sp. Linnaeus 1758 tern
footprint
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Meleagris sp. Linnaeus 1758 turkey
footprint
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma pinckneyi pack rat
footprint
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
footprints
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
footprints
 Rodentia - Caviidae
"Hydrochoerus holmesi" = Neochoerus aesopi
"Hydrochoerus holmesi" = Neochoerus aesopi Leidy 1853 caviomorph
footprints
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii Leidy 1860 tapir
footprints
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctodus pristinus Leidy 1854 bear
footprint
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Mephitis sp. Cuvier 1800 skunk
footprint
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lontra canadensis Schreber 1776 North American river otter
footprints
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis armbrusteri Gidley 1913 canine
footprint
Urocyon sp. Baird 1857 gray fox
footprint
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
footprint
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
Dasypus sp. Linnaeus 1758 armadillo
footprint
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Megatherium sp. Cuvier 1796 edentate
or Mylodon sp. footprint
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut sp. Blumenbach 1799 mastodon
or Cuvieronius sp. footprint
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
Dicotyledonae
 Theales - Dilleniidae
Ilex sp. Linnaeus
 Scrophulariales - Asteridae
Fraxinus sp. Linnaeus
 Myrtiflorae - Nyssaceae
Nyssa sp. Linnaeus
 Juglandales - Hamamelidae
Myrica sp. Linnaeus
Carya sp. Nuttall 1818 hickory
Juglans sp. Linnaeus 1753 walnut
Magnoliopsida
 Saxifragales - Hamamelidaceae
Liquidambar sp. Linnaeus 1753 sweetgum
 Apiales - Apiaceae
Apiaceae indet. Lindley 1836
 Sapindales - Anacardiaceae
Schinus sp. Linnaeus cashew
 Caryophyllales - Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Betula sp. Linnaeus 1753 birch
Corylus sp. Linnaeus birch
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
aff. Castanea sp. Miller 1754 chestnut
Castanea-like
 Violales - Salicaceae
Salix sp. Linnaeus 1753 willow
 Ichnofossils -
Ophiomorpha sp. Lundgren 1891