Gara Samani (Cretaceous of Algeria)

Where: Adrar, Algeria (29.7° N, 1.9° E: paleocoordinates 14.6° N, 1.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Continental Intercalaire Formation, Late/Upper Albian (105.3 - 99.6 Ma)

• fossils are from several beds, below the Cenomanian Tademaït Sandstone ("infra-Cenomanian")

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; red, yellow, argillaceous sandstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by C. Grenot & R. Vernet in 1970; reposited in the MNHN

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (float), surface (in situ), mechanical,

Primary reference: F. de Broin, C. Grenot, and R. Vernet. 1971. Sur la découverte d’un nouveau gisement de Vertébrés dans le Continental Intercalaire saharien: la Gara Samani (Algérie) [On the discovery of a new vertebrate locality in the Saharan Continental Intercalaire: Gara Samani]. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences à Paris, Série D 272:1219-1221 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 59578: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 04.04.2006, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae
? Hybodus sp. Agassiz 1837 elasmobranch
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Onchopristis numidus Haug 1905 sawfish
Actinopteri
 Lepisosteiformes -
Lepidotes sp. Agassiz 1843 gar
Osteichthyes
 Dipnoi - Ceratodontidae
Coelacanthimorpha
 Coelacanthiformes - Mawsoniidae
? Mawsonia sp. Mawson and Woodward 1907 coelacanth
Reptilia
 Testudines -
Testudines indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Saurischia -
 Avetheropoda -
Carnosauria indet.2 carnosaur
large form
Coelurosauria indet.2 coelurosaur
small form
 Saurischia - Spinosauridae
Spinosaurus marrocanus3 Russell 1996 tetanuran
MNHN SAM 124–128
 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet. crocodilian
 Loricata - Elosuchidae
Elosuchus broinae n. sp.1 Meunier and Larsson 2016 crocodilian
skull; prob. same genus as at In Abangarit but not Sarcosuchus
Osteichthyes
 Ceratodontiformes - Neoceratodontidae
"Ceratodus africanus" = Neoceratodus africanus
"Ceratodus africanus" = Neoceratodus africanus Haug 1905 Queensland lungfish