Picnic Bush, Swartkops River (Cretaceous of South Africa)

Also known as Leptocleidus capensis type locality; Zwartkops, Farm Redhouse

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (33.8° S, 25.6° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° S, 11.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Bb foram zone, Sundays River Formation (Uitenhage Group), Late/Upper Valanginian (140.2 - 136.4 Ma)

• 'Uppermost' Valanginian according to Cruickshank (1997)

•Sundays River Formation, foraminiferal biozone Bb, uppermost Valanginian

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; nodular, gray, calcareous lime mudstone

• Nodular clay limestone, "dark grey clay" and "nodular clay-limestone"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by E. H. L. Schwarz in 1900

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

• South African Museum collection

Primary reference: A. W. Rogers and E. H. L. Schwarz. 1901. Report on the survey of parts of the Uitenhage and Port Elizabeth divisions. Annual Report of the Geological Commission, Cape of Good Hope 1900:3-18 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 117446: authorized by Roger Benson, entered by Roger Benson on 20.09.2011, edited by Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Pholadida - Pleuromyidae
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
 Ammonitida - Olcostephanidae
Olcostephanus sp. Neumayr 1875 ammonite
 Sauropterygia - Leptocleididae
"Plesiosaurus capensis n. sp." = Leptocleidus capensis
"Plesiosaurus capensis n. sp." = Leptocleidus capensis Andrews 1911 plesiosaur
"a form allied to Plesiosaurus"