Antwerp area [Kruisschans Mbr, Lillo Fm] (Pleistocene of Belgium)

Where: Belgium (51.3° N, 4.3° E: paleocoordinates 51.3° N, 4.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Kruisschans Member (Lillo Formation), Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Kruisschans Sand Mbr, Lillo Fm , which overlies the Oorderen Mbr and is overlain by the Merksem Mbr. AGE: early Gelasian. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From multiple beds within member.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; poorly lithified sandstone

• DISTRIBUTION: Siliciclastic shallow marine environment.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Not specified, but apparently sandstone from figured specimens. LITHIFICATION: Not specified, but poorly-lithified based on figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: Presumably, but not stated to be R. Marquet (1990's-present). REPOSTORY: KBIN, not detailed.

Primary reference: R. Marquet. 2002. The Neogene Amphineura and Bivalvia (Protobranchia and Pteriomorphia) from Kallo and Doel (Oost Vlaanderen, Belgium). Palaeontos 2:1-100 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 86807: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 18.02.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Limited, only includes families specified in particular taxonomic treatments. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication with species and subgenus-level assignments.
 Diptera - Xylophagidae
Xylophaga sp.2 Turton 1822 fly
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Aequipecten opercularis Linnaeus 1758 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
"Monia patelliformis" = Pododesmus patelliformis Linnaeus 1773 scallop
Heteranomia squamula Linnaeus 1758 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea (Ostrea) edulis" = Ostrea edulis
"Ostrea (Ostrea) edulis" = Ostrea edulis Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Atrina fragilis1 oyster
SUBSPECIES: Atrina fragilis kalloensis
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Mytilus (Mytilus) edulis" = Mytilus edulis, "Modiolula phasiolina" = Amygdalum (Modiolula)
"Mytilus (Mytilus) edulis" = Mytilus edulis Linnaeus 1758 mussel
"Modiolula phasiolina" = Amygdalum (Modiolula) mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
Digitaria digitaria2 Linnaeus 1758 clam
Astarte (Astarte) incerta2 Woods 1850 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
 Pholadida - Myidae
Mya (Arenomya) arenaria2 Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
Mya (Mya) truncata2 Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Zirfaea crispata2 Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Pholadida - Teredinidae
Teredinidae indet.2 Rafinesque 1815 clam
 Cardiida -
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
Pygocardia rustica2 Sowerby 1818 clam
Arctica islandica2 Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Mactromeris polynyma3, Mactra (Mactra) glauca2, Lutraria (Lutraria) scaldensis2, "Spisula (Spisula) obtruncata" = Spisula obtruncata2, "Spisula (Spisula) arcuata" = Spisula arcuata2
Mactromeris polynyma3 Stimpson 1860 clam
Mactra (Mactra) glauca2 Born 1778 clam
"Spisula (Spisula) obtruncata" = Spisula obtruncata2 Woods 1850 clam
"Spisula (Spisula) arcuata" = Spisula arcuata2 Sowerby 1817 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Paphia rhomboides2 venus clam
Timoclea (Timoclea) ovata2 Pennant 1777 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Angulus (Peronaea) benedeni2 Nyst and Westendorp 1839 tellin clam
Gastrana laminosa2 Sowerby 1827 tellin clam
Macoma (Macoma) obliqua2 Sowerby 1817 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra (Syndosmya) alba2 Wood 1802 abra
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
Cyrtodaria angusta2 Nyst and Westendorp 1839 clam
"Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica" = Hiatella arctica2 Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Solenida - Pharidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Parvilucina (Cavilinga) scaldensis" = Cavilinga2, Lucinoma (Lucinoma) borealis2
"Parvilucina (Cavilinga) scaldensis" = Cavilinga2 clam
Lucinoma (Lucinoma) borealis2 Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Myoida -
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Leionucula laevigata Sowerby 1818 nut clam
Nucula (Nucula) nucleus Linnaeus 1758 nut clam
Nucula (Nucula) trigonula Wood 1840 nut clam
 Protobranchia - Yoldiidae