Omo - L.1N (Pliocene to of Ethiopia)

Also known as ETE Locality 364, L.729, L.745, Omo - L.1N, P.68,

Where: Ethiopia (5.1° N, 36.0° E: paleocoordinates 5.5° N, 36.0° E)

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: B Member (Shungura Formation), Late/Upper Pliocene to Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Tuff B10-3 (2.95+-.03ma) radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: lacustrine

• ETE sed env 1: lacustrine, ETE sed env 2: lake_margin ETE event: ., ETE env comment: cut and fill process, nearshore environ
• ETE rock type adj: poorly sorted, ETE lithology comments: 11350% quartz, 40% concretions, 5% volcanics, 5% rolled bones, 45% of material is >2mm, sandy, includes Etheria reef

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 88, ; ETE museum list: ENM

Primary reference: H. B. Wesselman. 1984. The Omo Micromammals: Systematics and Paleoecology of Early Man Sites from Ethiopia. Contributions to Vertebrate Evolution 17 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21546: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 28.07.1997, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
ETE occurrence; species: Osteichthyes
Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Siluriformes
 Cichliformes - Cichlidae
Cichlidae indet. Heckel 1840 cichlid
ETE occurrence; species: Cichlidae
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Cyprinidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 carp-like fish
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cyprinidae
Barbus sp. Cuvier and Cloquet 1816 carp-like fish
 Siluriformes - Mochokidae
Synodontis sp. Cuvier 1816 upside down catfish
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
 Characiformes - Alestidae
Hydrocynus sp. Cuvier 1816
 Osteoglossiformes - Gymnarchidae
Gymnarchus sp. Cuvier 1829 aba knifefish
 Polypteriformes - Polypteridae
Polypterus sp. Lacépède 1803 bichir
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
ETE occurrence; species: Squamata
 Primates - Hominidae
Hominidae indet. Gray 1825 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hominidae
Australopithecus sp. Dart 1925 australopithecine
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: (non-robust)
 Primates - Galagidae
 Rodentia - Muridae
Muridae indet. Illiger 1811 mouse
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Muridae
Arvicanthis sp. Lesson 1842 grass rat
Lemniscomys cf. striatus striped grass mouse
Mus cf. minutoides house mouse
Tatera sp. Lataste 1882 large naked-soled gerbil
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Paraxerus ochraceus African Bush Squirrel
Xerus erythropus African ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Myosorex robinsoni white-toothed shrew
Suncus haesaertsi white-toothed shrew
Suncus cf. lixus white-toothed shrew
Suncus shungurensis white-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. dolichura white-toothed shrew
Crocidura aithiops white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Pteropodidae
 Chiroptera - Emballonuridae
Taphozous abitus sac-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Helogale kitafe dwarf mongoose
Amphibia indet. tetrapod
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Anura
 Ceratodontiformes - Lepidosirenidae
Protopterus sp. Agassiz 1843 african lungfish