Butler Spring (Lower) (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as UM-K3-61

Where: Meade County, Kansas (37.0° N, 100.5° W: paleocoordinates 37.5° N, 100.3° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: lower Member (Kingsdown Formation), Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• from one bed at one locality and "beds equivalent" to it at another; said to be late Illinoian

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: sinkhole; gray, argillaceous sandstone

• "of sinkhole origin"
• "gray, clayey-sand"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

Primary reference: G. E. Schultz. 1969. Geology and paleontology of a late Pleistocene basin in southwest kansas. Geological Society of America Special Paper 105:1-85 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Head]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 20165: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 26.03.1995

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• this is the major Butler Spring fauna

•not clear which localities are included in the "Butler Spring" list of Hibbard and Taylor 1960, but the Adams fauna is merged into it

Actinopteri
 Perciformes -
 Centrarchiformes - Centrarchidae
Micropterus sp. Lacépède 1802 black bass
 Cypriniformes - Catostomidae
Catostomus commersoni carp-like fish
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus punctatus Rafinesque 1818 catfish
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp. Agassiz 1843 gar
Lepisosteus osseus Linnaeus 1758 gar
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet. frog
"Frog and toad remains-unstudied"
Reptilia
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe obsoleta3 Say 1823 black rat snake
"Butler Springs Local Fauna"
Lampropeltis doliata3 colubrid snake
"Butler Springs Local Fauna"
Heterodon platyrhinos3 Latreille 1801 eastern hognosed snake
"Butler Springs Local Fauna"
Nerodia sp.2 Baird and Girard 1853 water snake
"Butler Springs Local Fauna"
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys cf. megalotis Baird 1858 western harvest mouse
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
"Pedomys ochrogaster" = Microtus ochrogaster1 Wagner 1842 prairie vole
Onychomys cf. leucogaster Wied-Neuwied 1841 northern grasshopper mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus richardsonii1 Sabine 1822 ground squirrel
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus1 Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Cynomys spenceri4 Goodwin 1995 prairie dog
from "Butler Spring," which I presume is this locality and not one of the "Cragin Quarry" localities; "C. ludovicianus"
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys cf. bursarius Shaw 1800 plains pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Perognathinae indet. Coues 1875 rodent
additional "Perognathus sp."
Dipodomys cf. ordii Woodhouse 1853 Ord's kangaroo rat
Chaetodipus hispidus1 Baird 1858 hispid pocket mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus niobrarensis Hay 1913 horse
Equus cf. conversidens Owen 1869 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex scottensis5 Jammot 1972 long-tailed shrew
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelops sp.1 Leidy 1854 camel