Charquieh Mine B (Cretaceous to of Syria)

Where: Syria (34.3° N, 37.8° E: paleocoordinates 16.0° N, 32.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Campanian to Late/Upper Campanian (83.5 - 66.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; phosphatic, gray, yellow phosphorite and limestone

• very shallow environments with submarine highs
• The phosphates are intercalated within a lower lumachellic limestone mainly composed of the oyster Ambigostrea villei and an upper alternation of marls, dolomites and limestones. The phosphates are yellow to grey, mainly soft

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: N. Bardet, H. Cappetta, X. Pereda Suberbiola, M. Mouty, A. K. Al Maleh, A. M. Ahmed, O. Khrata and N. Gannoum. 2000. The marine vertebrate faunas from the Late Cretaceous phosphates of Syria. Geological Magazine 137(3):269-290 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 117857: authorized by Philip Mannion, entered by Philip Mannion on 28.09.2011, edited by Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Specimens housed in the Université de Montpellier (UM-Collection Syrie) and Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN-Collection Syrie)
unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Sclerorhynchidae
Ctenopristis sp. Arambourg 1940 cartilaginous fish
Schizorhiza stromeri Weiler 1930 cartilaginous fish
 Euselachii -
Myliobatiformes indet. Compagno 1973 stingray
 Myliobatiformes -
Coupatezia sp. Cappetta 1982 stingray
"Coupatezia sp.1"
 Myliobatiformes - Rhombodontidae
Rhombodus sp. Dames 1881 stingray
Rhombodus aff. meridionalis Arambourg 1952 stingray
 Rajiformes -
Erguitaia sp. Cappetta 1989 ray
Parapalaeobates atlanticus Arambourg 1952 guitarfish
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Dalpiazia stromeri Checchia-Rispoli 1933 sawfish
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Squalicorax sp. Whitley 1939 crow shark
Squalicorax kaupi Agassiz 1843 crow shark
Squalicorax pristodontus Agassiz 1843 crow shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
Cretolamna biauriculata Wanner 1902 mackerel shark
Cretolamna cf. appendiculata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Plicatoscyllium sp. Case and Cappetta 1997 nurse shark
 Orectolobiformes - Hemiscylliidae
Chiloscyllium sp. Müller and Henle 1837 carpet shark
"Chiloscyllium sp. 1"
 Galeomorphi -
Youssoubatis sp. Cappetta 1992 shark
 Carchariniformes -
Squatigaleus sp. Cappetta 1982 ground shark
 Galeomorphi -
Hypsobatis sp. Cappetta 1992 shark
Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet. Müller 1846
 Salmoniformes - Enchodontidae
 Tetraodontiformes - Trigonodontoidae
 Alepisauriformes - Dercetidae
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
Pycnodontidae indet. Agassiz 1835
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
Reptilia
 Testudines -
 Testudines - Bothremydidae
Taphrosphyini indet. Gaffney et al. 2006 sideneck turtle
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Mosasauridae indet. Gervais 1852 mosasaur
Plioplatecarpini indet. Russell 1967 mosasaur
"Leiodon anceps" = Liodon anceps Owen 1841 mosasaur
 Sauropterygia - Elasmosauridae
Elasmosauridae indet. Cope 1869 elasmosaur