Piram Island (Miocene of India)

Where: Gujarat, India (21.6° N, 72.4° E: paleocoordinates 19.0° N, 72.4° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Piram Conglomerate Formation, Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• conglomerate beds, middle Siwaliks; Dhok Pathan fauna, Pontian; Sahni & Mitra (1980) state that these deposits are Zanclean in age, but Nanda et al. (2018) date it to the Late Miocene

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; lithified, ferruginous conglomerate

• mixed terrestrial and marine deposits
• ossiferous conglomerate; thick ferruginous hard horizontally beded conglomerate

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: K. N. Prasad. 1974. The vertebrate fauna from Piram Island, Gujarat, India. Palaeontologia Indica 41:1-21 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 87489: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 18.03.2009, edited by Evangelos Vlachos and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes indet.3 Huxley 1880 cartilaginous fish
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus spalanzeni3 mako shark
Isurus pagoda3 mako shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Scoliodon sp. Muller and Henle 1837 requiem shark
"Prionodon sp." = Prionace Cantor 1849 blue shark
Aprionodon sp. Gill 1861 requiem shark
Carcharhinus gangeticus3 requiem shark
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Colossochelys atlas" = Megalochelys sivalensis
"Colossochelys atlas" = Megalochelys sivalensis Falconer and Cautley 1837 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emyda vittata2 Peters 1854 turtle
BMNH R.221, stated as being from the "Pliocene Siwaliks of Perim Island [assumed sp.], Gulf of Cambay, India", skull
Clemmys watsoni n. sp.1 Lydekker 1886 turtle
partial shell
Lyssemys piramensis n. sp. Prasad 1974 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Piramys auffenbergi n. sp. Prasad 1974 sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
"Crocodilus palaeindicus" = Crocodylus, "Crocodilus sp." = Crocodylus
"Crocodilus palaeindicus" = Crocodylus crocodile
"Crocodilus sp." = Crocodylus Laurenti 1768 crocodile
 Sirenia -
Sirenia indet.3 sirenian
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion antilopinum hipparionine horse
originally entered as "Hipparion atelopinum"
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus perimensis Falconer and Cautley 1847 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Stegodontidae
 Ungulata - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium minus Lydekker 1876 chevrotain
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Ruticeros compressa n. sp. Prasad 1974 antelope
Tragoportax sp. Pilgrim 1937 antelope
 Cetacea -
Cetacea indet.3 Brisson 1762 whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
Delphinidae indet.3 Gray 1821 dolphin
  - Aetobatidae
"Aetobatis sp." = Aetobatus3
"Aetobatis sp." = Aetobatus3 Blainville 1816