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Batrachosauria

Taxonomy
Batrachosauria was named by Efremov (1946). It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Anthracosauria by Carroll et al. (1972); it was reranked as the unranked clade Batrachosauria by Gauthier et al. (1988).

It was assigned to Anthracosauria by Gauthier et al. (1988).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1946Batrachosauria Efremov
1988Batrachosauria Gauthier et al. p. 139 fig. 4.3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
RankNameAuthor
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Batrachosauria()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: brackish, freshwater, terrestrialsubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:19
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:19
Source: g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Holman 2000, Legendre 1988, Peczkis 1995, Hopson 1973

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Mississippian to the top of the Holocene or 358.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 323.2 Ma

Collections (37374 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (Virginia) Dromopus aduncus (104796)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9USA (Massachusetts) Dromopus woodworthi (34780)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9USA (Pennsylvania) Thenaropus heterodactylus (200134)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9USA (Georgia) Cincosaurus cobbi (150407)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Canada (Nova Scotia) Hylonomus lyelli (86946) Protoclepsydrops haplous, Hylonomus lyelli, Hylerpeton curtidentatum, Hylonomus wymani, Hylonomus latidens (28069)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (Alabama) Cincosaurus cobbi, Cincosaurus jaggerensis, Cincosaurus jonesii, Quadropedia prima, Cincosaurus fisheri (84135) Notalacerta missouriensis, Cincosaurus cobbi (81525)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95Canada (Nova Scotia) Clepsydrops sp., Limnostygis relictus, Archaeothyris florensis, Echinerpeton intermedium, Paleothyris acadiana (80111)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Ohio) Archaeothyris sp., Sauropleura longipes, Pelycosauria indet. (85292)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Czech Republic Adenoderma gracilis (125662)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Cephalerpeton ventriarmatum (79598)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Czech Republic (Pilsen) Archaeothyris sp., Amniota indet., Brouffia orientalis, Coelostegus prothales, Hylonomus acuminatus (84835)
Stephanian306.95 - 298.9France (Bourgogne) Stereorhachis dominans (80716)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Colorado) Ianthasaurus sp., Limnoscelis dynatis, Desmatodon hesperis (180938) Limnoscelis dynatis (77786)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Illinois) Reptilia indet., Clepsydrops sp., Archaeobelus vellicatus, Clepsydrops collettii, Clepsydrops vinslovii, Clepsydrops pedunculatus, Captorhinus illinoisensis (80714)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Kansas) Amniota indet., Haptodus garnettensis, Ianthasaurus hardestii, Edaphosaurus ecordi, Xyrospondylus ecordi, Petrolacosaurus kansensis, Podargosaurus hibbardi, Ianthodon schultzei, Kenomagnathus scotti, Tenuacaptor reiszi (80784)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Pennsylvania) Desmatodon hollandi, Edaphosaurus raymondi (180937) Edaphosaurus raymondi (80775)
Missourian - Virgilian305.9 - 298.9USA (Pennsylvania) Clepsydrops magnus (173987)
Stephanian B304.8 - 303.4Czech Republic Macromerion schwarzenbergii, Macromerion schwartzenbergii (154179)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) Cryptovenator hirschbergeri (109702)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Canada (Prince Edward Island) Erpetonyx arsenaultorum (171344)