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Protacanthopterygii

Actinopteri -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1966Protacanthopterygii Greenwood et al. p. 352
2006Protacanthopterygii Nelson
2011Protacanthopterygii Long p. 243
2013Protacanthopterygii Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
RankNameAuthor
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
superorderProtacanthopterygii
superorderProtacanthopterygii

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 125.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (292 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mexico (Chiapas) Enchodontidae indet. (68835) Enchodus sp. (192074)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0USA (Texas) Enchodus sp. (14408)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Equatorial Guinea Enchodus sp. (129869)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Enchodus sp. (27613)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Mexico (Hidalgo) Enchodus zipapanensis (135815)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Brazil Enchodus longipectoralis (195791)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5USA (Utah) Enchodus sp. (22679)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Venezuela (Trujillo) Enchodontidae indet. (176561)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Brazil (Maranhão) Enchodontidae indet. (67225)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Enchodus mecoanalis, Eurypholis boissieri (124426)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Libya (Awbari) Enchodontidae indet. (45725)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8USA (Utah) Enchodontidae indet. (200123)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Niger (Zinder) Enchodus lamberti (75235 75236 75243 75255 75256 75258)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Paraiba) Cimolichthys sp. (134949)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Matsuyama) Eurypholis japonicus (161436)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Fukushima) Enchodus sp. (72267)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Pernambuco) Enchodus subaequilateralis (167994)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Egypt (Matruh) Enchodus sp. A, Enchodus sp. B (84550)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Navoi) Eurypholis sp., Enchodontidae indet. (58208)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Palestinian Territory Parenchodus longipterygius, Enchodus brevis (11804)