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Tetraodontiformes

Actinopteri - Tetraodontiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1940Tetraodontiformes Berg
1981Tetraodontiformes Thurmond and Jones p. 107
1987Tetraodontiformes Kumar and Loyal p. 73
1988Tetraodontiformes Case and Schwimmer p. 300
1999Tetraodontiformes Weems p. 71
2001Tetraodontiformes Purdy et al.
2002Tetradontiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Tetradontiformes Carnevale and Santini
2006Tetraodontiformes Nelson
2009Tetraodontiformes Gregorova et al. p. 361
2011Tetraodontiformes Long p. 244
2012Tetraodontiformes Fierstine et al. p. 163
2013Tetraodontiformes Betancur-R. et al.
2014Tetraodontiformes Bannikov p. 30
2016Tetraodontiformes Close et al. p. 502
2018Tetraodontiformes Carnevale and Godfrey p. 199

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
RankNameAuthor
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Percomorpharia
orderTetraodontiformesBerg 1940
orderTetraodontiformesBerg 1940

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:45:45
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:45:45
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Cenomanian to the top of the Holocene or 100.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 93.5 Ma

Collections (124 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Brazil (Maranhão) Atlanticopristis equatorialis (56365)
Cenomanian - Early/Lower Turonian100.5 - 89.3Morocco (Souss-Massa-Draa) Eotrigonodon tabroumiti (87164)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Eotrigonodon sp. (122240)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Indotrigonodon ovatus, Eotrigonodon wardhaensis, Pisdurodon spatulatus (60397) Ostracion sp. (58102)
Paleocene - Eocene66.0 - 33.9Mali Eotrigonodon jonesi (202362)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark Ostracion pergravis (159793)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Turkmenistan Eospinus daniltshenkoi (186444)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Virginia) Ostracion meretrix (84048)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Saudi Arabia Eotrigonodon sp. (37182)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Saudi Arabia (Ash Sharqiyah) Eotrigonodon serratus (42459)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Protacanthodes ombonii, Protacanthodes nimesensis, Spinacanthus cuneiformis, Protobalistum imperiale, Bolcabalistes varii, Proaracana dubia, Eolactoria sorbinii, Eoplectus bloti, Zignoichthys oblongus, Eotetraodon pygmaeus, Eotetraodon tavernei, Prodiodon tenuispinus, Prodiodon erinaceus, Heptadiodon echinus, Zignodon fornasieroae (94830)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Himachal Pradesh) Diodon sp., Kankatodus cappettai, Eotrigonodon indicus (31267)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Ctenoplectus williamsi (189828)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Diodon sp. (71438) Tetraodontiformes indet. (180565)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Pakistan Eotrigonodon serratus (79971)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Ostraciidae indet. (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Maryland ) Kyrtogymnodon sp., Triodon antiquus (124192)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6India (Andhra Pradesh) Eotrigonodon jonesi (46388)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India Ancistrodon sp. (94595)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) Ostraciidae indet. (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (California) Tetraodontidae indet. (200654)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Eotrigonodon serratus (41888 41994 41996 41998) Eotrigonodon serratus, Ostracion sp. (41992) Eotrigonodon serratus, Triodon antiquus (41989)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Mississippi) Diodon sp. (61249)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Diodon sp. (16848)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0United Kingdom (England) Triodon antiquus (42636)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Florida) Diodontidae indet. (49882)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Diodon sp., Ostracion meretrix (75638)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Romania Chilomycterus hilgendorfi (186845 186846 186847 186851 186852)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Diodon sp. (69805)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Russian Federation (Adygeia) Oligobalistes robustus (105572)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Georgia Diodontidae indet. (186469)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Argentina (Chubut) Molidae indet. (133690)
Whitneyan33.3 - 30.8USA (Florida) Diodon sp. (17341)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Diodontidae indet. (97550)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Austria Austromola angerhoferi (99160)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Australia (Victoria) Diodon formosus (174213)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Costa Rica Balistes sp. (187875)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Indonesia (Maros) Balistes sp. (187654)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Diodon ferreirai (65162 112591)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Gujarat) Diodon sp. (65798 87721)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Orissa) Diodon sp. (42842)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil Diodon ferreirai (112581)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Chilomycterus schoepfii, Aluterus sp. (48887)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) Diodon vetus (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Algeria (Sid Bel Abbes) Archaeotetraodon cerrinaferoni (133612)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Sri Lanka Diodon sinhaleyus (13449 14149)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda Tetraodon sp. (22344 22345 22400 22433)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Virginia) Ranzania tenneyorum (89549)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Italy Chilomycterus sp., Diodon sp. (70814)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Pakistan (Balochistan) Diodontidae indet. (77783)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Spain (Mallorca) Balistes lerichei, Diodon vetus (155253)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Maryland) Ranzania sp. (48884)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Oligodiodon vetus, Diodontidae indet., Balistidae indet. (52183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France Tetraodon lecointrae, Tetraodon sp. (90354)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (Victoria) Diodon formosus (46165)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Mola sp., Aluterus sp., Ranzania sp. (57700) Ranzania grahami (104749 187324)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Mexico (Baja California Sur) Oligodiodon vetus (13450)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Italy Archaeotetraodon sp., Ranzania zappai (185486)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) Diodon sp. (51397)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Chilomycterus sp., Ranzania grahami (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Slovakia (Bratislava) Tetraodontidae indet. (58983)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Balistes sp. (162017)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Slovakia (Bratislava) Tetraodon scillae (161996)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Czech Republic (Mikulov) Balistes muensteri (161993)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Austria Leithaodon sandroi (90487)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Chilomycterus sp. (18554)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Diodontidae indet. (168017)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Chilomycterus sp. (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru Tetradontiformes indet. (45486)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Venezuela Balistes sp., Diodontidae indet. (200110) Diodontidae indet. (200111)
Tortonian - Zanclean11.62 - 3.6USA (Florida) Diodon circumflexus (18548)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Tetraodon sp. (162678)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad Tetraodontidae indet. (24181)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Diodon sp. (18556)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Peru Tetraodontiformes indet., Balistidae indet. (13079)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Diodon sp., Sphoeroides sp. (179732)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria Balistes procapriscus, Chilomycterus acanthodes (186582) Chilomycterus acanthodes (186585)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Tetraodon sp. (59839)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Diodon formosus (154112)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Monacanthidae indet., Diodon formosus (50343)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Kenya Tetraodon sp. (22240)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Libya Diodon sp. (136597)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (Florida) Balistes sp., Diodon sp. (46369)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6South Africa Balistidae indet. (100313)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Aluterus sp., Sphoeroides hyperostosus, Chilomycterus schoepfi, Mola chelonopsis (52582)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Tetraodon sp. (22239)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Italy Alutera sp. (145678)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Uganda Tetraodon sp. (22209 22211)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Congo-Kinshasa Tetraodon sp. (22207)
Pliocene - Holocene5.333 - 0.0Uganda Tetraodon sp. (22244)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) Tetraodontidae indet. (22712)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Italy Alutera sp., Monacanthidae indet. (57058)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781France (Alpes Maritimes) Chilomycterus sp. (50523)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Balistes sp., Diodon sp. (20400) Diodontidae indet. (58089)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Aluterus sp., Sphoeroides hyperostosus, Chilomycterus schoepfi (188304)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Alabama) Diodontidae indet. (187584)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Balistes sp., Tetraodontidae indet., Diodontidae indet. (20604)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Marshall Islands Diodontidae indet., Ostraciidae indet., Balistidae indet. (194999) Ostraciidae indet. (194996) Tetraodontidae indet., Diodontidae indet., Ostraciidae indet. (194997) Tetraodontidae indet., Diodontidae indet., Ostraciidae indet., Balistidae indet. (194995)