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Sphyraenidae (barracuda)

Actinopteri - Sphyraenidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Sphyraenidae Leidy p. 288
1902Sphyraenidae Hay p. 399
1938Sphyraenidae Weiler p. 24
1963Sphyraenidae Jordan p. 678
1966Sphyraenidae Casier p. 243
1981Sphyraenidae Thurmond and Jones p. 102
1999Sphyraenidae Weems p. 64
2001Sphyraenidae Purdy et al. p. 179
2012Sphyraenidae Fierstine et al. p. 144
2013Sphyraenidae Betancur-R. et al.
2014Sphyraenidae Bannikov p. 29
2017Sphyraenidae Szabo et al.
2018Sphyraenidae Carnevale and Godfrey p. 190

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
RankNameAuthor
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Carangimorpharia
Carangimorphariae
familySphyraenidae
familySphyraenidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:44:22
Modified: 2009-07-20 22:44:22
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Maastrichtian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 72.10000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 70.6 Ma

Collections (77 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Campanian - Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Kansas) Sphyraena carinata (77321)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Sphyraena sp. (58102)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Sphyraenodus speciosus (3113)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Sphyraena sp. (71438)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Sphyraena bognorensis (13299)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Sphyraena bolcensis (94830)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Pakistan Sphyraena sp. (79971)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Sphyraena bognorensis (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2United Kingdom (England) Sphyraena sp. (3257)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) Sphyraena sp. (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Sphyraena lugardi (60711)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Germany (Lower Saxony,) Sphyraena fluctuosa (188954)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Mississippi) Sphyraena major (61249)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria Sphyraena lugardi (32905)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Louisiana) Sphyraena major (3534)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Sphyraena sp. (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Sphyraena sp. (96686 96688)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Arkansas) Sphyraena sp. (16549)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Sphyraena major (55251 75638) Sphyraena sp. (32925)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Sphyraena sp. (69805)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Sphyraena pannonica (124377) Sphyraena sp. (186636)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Sphyraena sp. (68021)
Whitneyan33.3 - 30.8USA (Florida) Sphyraena sp. (17341)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Sphyraena sp. (32012)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (Mississippi) Sphyraena sp. (49872)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Sphyraenidae indet. (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Sphyraena sp. (47026)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Indonesia (Maros) Sphyraenidae indet., Sphyraena crassidens (187654)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Sphyraena cunhai, Sphyraena egleri (65162)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Lara) Sphyraena sp. (145379)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil Sphyraena cunhai (112581)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Gujarat) Sphyraena sp. (65798)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Costa Rica Sphyraena sp. (187875)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Colombia (La Guajira) Sphyraenidae sp. (166506)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Sphyraena barracuda (48887)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Sphyraena speciosa, Sphyraenodus silovianus (18587)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Italy Sphyraena sp. (70814)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Pakistan (Balochistan) Sphyraena sp. (77783)
Burdigalian - Tortonian20.44 - 7.246France Sphyraena olisiponensis (187577)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Sphyraena speciosa (55396 57782)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France Sphyraena sp. (90354)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Sphyraena barracuda (79793 187324)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Sphyraena sp., Sphyraena barracuda (52183)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Austria Sphyraena sp. (51002)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India (Orissa) Sphyraena obtusata (46365)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Sphyraena barracuda (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Slovakia (Bratislava) Sphyraena sp. (58983)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Sphyraena substriata (162017)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Czech Republic (Mikulov) Sphyraena substriata (161993 161995)
Early/Lower Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Sphyraena sp. (161374)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Sphyraena barracuda (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Venezuela Sphyraena sp. (200110)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Sphyraena barracuda (24237)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru (Arequipa) Sphyraenidae indet. (45485)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Portugal Sphyraena olisiponenesis (56459)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Sphyraena barracuda (162678)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Peru Sphyraenidae indet. (13079)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Libya Sphyraenidae indet. (136597)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (Florida) Sphyraena barracuda (46369)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Sphyraena barracuda (52582)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Angola Sphyraena barracuda (154111)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Jamaica Sphyraena sp. (186673)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Victoria) Sphyraena novaehollandiae (204328)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Sphyraena barracuda (20400)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Sphyraena argentea (190889)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) Sphyraena sp. (57706 73485)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Sphyraena sp. (20604)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Sphyraena sp. (188304)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Greece (Argolida) Sphyraena sphyraena (182709)