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Triakidae (hound shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Triakidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1851Triakidae Gray
1992Triakidae Cappetta p. 644
1993Triakidae Cvancara and Hoganson p. 9
1999Triakidae Underwood et al. p. 292
2000Triakidae Long and Stilwell p. 350
2001Triakidae Purdy et al. p. 139
2006Triakidae Underwood p. 234
2009Triakidae Cicimurri and Knight p. 635
2017Triakidae Engelbrecht et al. p. 2
2018Triakidae Kent p. 104
2019Triakidae Ebersole et al. p. 61

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Selachii
superorderGaleomorphi
orderCarchariniformes(Compagno 1973)
familyTriakidaeGray 1851
familyTriakidaeGray 1851

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:53:24
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:53:24
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Hauterivian to the top of the Rancholabrean or 132.90000 to 0.01200 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 129.4 Ma

Collections (116 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4United Kingdom Triakidae indet. (66420)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden Galeorhinus sp. (102883)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Israel Triakidae indet. 1, Triakidae indet. 2 (35443)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Sweden (Skåne) Palaeogaleus sp., Galeorhinus sp. (74334)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Sweden Palaeogaleus sp., Galeorhinus sp. (102886)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France Palaeogaleus faujasi (61351)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6France Galeorhinus girardoti (61352 61353)
Middle Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Peru (Amazonas) Triakidae indet. (52839)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Galeorhinus giradoti (83331)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Volgograd) Palaeogaleus sp. (38075)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Midi-Pyrénées) Palaeogaleus sp. (199535)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Palaeogaleus navarroensis, Galeorhinus girardoti (61738)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Palaeogaleus vincenti (62840)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Arkansas) Palaeogaleus vincenti (206776)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Morocco Palaeogaleus brivesi (83311) Palaeogaleus sp. (137838 137839)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (California) Mustelus sp. (189952)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Morocco Palaeogaleus larachei (133217)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0France (Oise) Palaeogaleus vincenti, Pachygaleus lefevrei (68175)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Mississippi) Mustelus rodgersi, Galeorhinus affinis, Galeorhinus minor, Galeorhinus lefevrei, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (62872)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (South Carolina) Pachygaleus lefevrei (203258)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica (Seymour Island) Mustelus sp., Meridiogaleus cristatus, Kallodentis rhytistemma (176085)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom Pachygaleus lefevrei (76601)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Himachal Pradesh) Galeorhinus sp. (31267)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Galeorhinus lefevrei (185914 185933) Galeorhinus lefevrei, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (3260) Galeorhinus minor, Galeorhinus lefevrei (13299) Galeorhinus sp., Galeorhinus minor, Galeorhinus lefevrei (8050)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus sp., Meridiogaleus cristatus, Kallodentis rhytistemma (100414)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Galeorhinus sp. (71438)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Palaeogaleus vincenti, Pachygaleus lefevrei, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (15595)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3Mexico (Baja California) Galeorhinus sp. (15671)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Mississippi) Galeorhinus affini, Galeorhinus minor (62890)
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2United Kingdom (England) Galeorhinus lefevrei (3258) Mustelus vanderhoefti, Galeorhinus lefevrei (3256 3257)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Uzbekistan Galeorhinus sp. (45701 62573)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Eugaleus falconeri (187560) Galeorhinus falconeri (77257)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) Galeorhinus sp., Pachygaleus lefevrei (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Jordan Galeorhinus sp. (65226)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (California) Galeorhinus sp. (16712)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Togo Galeorhinus sp. (32991)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Germany Pachygaleus lefevrei (121968)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India (Gujarat) Galeorhinus sp. (48074)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Galeorhinus minor, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (41888) Galeorhinus ypresiensis (41994 41996 41998) Mustelus whitei, Galeorhinus minutissimus, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (41992) Mustelus whitei, Galeorhinus ypresiensis (41989)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Mississippi) Galeorhinus huberensis (61249)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Louisiana) Galeorhinus huberensis (3534)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Galeorhinus falconeri (83251)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0United Kingdom (England) Eugaleus minor (42636)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Alabama) Galeorhinus falconeri (45637)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Arkansas) Galeorhinus sp. (16549)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Antarctica Mustelus sp., Meridiogaleus cristatus, Kallodentis rhytistemma (100419)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Galeorhinus huberensis (55251 75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Mustelus sp. (137550) Triakidae indet. (137564)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Mustelus vanderhoefti (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Galeorhinus sp. (96686 96688)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Galeorhinus galeus, Galeorhinus huberensis (73434)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Antarctica Galeorhinus sp. (43030)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Japan (Fukuoka) Galeorhinus sp. (161440)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Netherlands Galeorhinus latus (87249 87250)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Eugaleus latus (124377)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Netherlands (Winterswijik) Galeorhinus latus (87248)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (California) Galeorhinus latus (11601)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Galeorhinus sp. (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (North Carolina) Galeorhinus latus, Galeorhinus affinis, Galeorhinus galeus (71660)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus affinis, Hypogaleus sp. (48887)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Hiroshima) Galeorhinus affinis (161447)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Chile Galeorhinus sp. (102183)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97France (Bouches-du-Rhône) Galeorhinus sp. (37238)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Netherlands Galeorhinus sp. (45505)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Mustelus sp. (52183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (California) Eugaleus sp. (59059)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Mustelus sp. (79793 187324)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Germany (Lower Saxony) Mustelus sp. (161965)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India (Orissa) Galeorhinus parvulus (46365)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pliocene15.97 - 3.6Chile (Antwerpen) Galeorhinus galeus (154114)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Mustelus sp. (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62France (Gironde) Galeorhinus galeus (161524)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246Malta (Ras ii-Karraba) Galeorhinus goncalvesi (161384)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Slovakia (Bratislava) Galeorhinus affinis (161996)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Poland Eugaleus latus (121515)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama (Colon) Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus galeus (160781)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Mustelus sp. (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Germany Eugaleus minor (162719)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Netherlands (Noord-Brabant) Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus sp. (162679)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Panama (Panama) Mustelus sp. (191987 191988 191998)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333South Africa Galeorhinus sp. (22219)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Mustelus lunulatus (162678)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Japan (Chiba) Galeorhinus sp. (202927)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Portugal Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus goncalvesi (91423)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Mustelus sp. (179732)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus goncalvesi (65954)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal (Alvalade) Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus goncalvesi (65955)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Japan (Chiba) Galeorhinus sp. (70006)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Mustelus sp., Galeorhinus australis (50343)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Galeorhinus affinis (52582)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588USA (California) Galeorhinus hannibali (186032)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (California) Galeorhinus zopterus (85314)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Mustelus californicus, Mustelus henlei, Galeorhinus galeus (190889)