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Alopiidae (thresher shark)

Chondrichthyes - Odontaspidida - Alopiidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Alopiidae Bonaparte
1963Alopiidae Jordan p. 599
1975Alopiidae Herman p. 166
1981Alopiidae Thurmond and Jones p. 58
2001Alopiidae Purdy et al. p. 107
2003Alopiidae Antunes and Balbino p. 143
2006Alopiidae Underwood p. 235
2009Alopiidae Cicimurri and Knight p. 630
2018Alopiidae Kent p. 97

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassOsteodonti
superorderLamnae
orderOdontaspidida
superfamilyOdontaspidoidea
familyAlopiidaeBonaparte 1838
familyAlopiidaeBonaparte 1838

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:06:40
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:06:40
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Eocene to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 48.60000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 47.8 Ma

Collections (71 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Himachal Pradesh) Alopias vulpinus (31267)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Egypt Alopias alabamensis (62459)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Alopias leensis (41989 41992)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Egypt Alopias sp. (137539)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Alopias latidens (16848)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Alopias latidens (75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Alopias alabamensis (96686 96688)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Jordan Alopias sp. (32899)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (South Carolina) Alopias sp. (202014)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Alabama) Alopias latidens (45637)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Alopias alabamensis, Alopias sp. (96952) Alopias sp. (137546 137547 137548 137550 137551 137554 137556 137558 137573 137575 137579 137583 137588)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Egypt Alopias alabamensis (62468)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Alopias exigua (69805)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic Alopias exigua (125331)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic (Moravia) Alopias sp. (104941)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Langhian28.4 - 13.82Peru (Ica) Alopias superciliosus, Alopias vulpinus (100330)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Alopias vulpinus (97550)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (California) Alopias exigua, Alopias vulpinus, Alopias latidens (11601)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Colombia (La Guajira) Alopias superciliosus (182218)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Russian Federation (Sakhalin) Alopias superciliosus (138022)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Malta (Bahrija) Alopias sp. (161388)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India Alopias valpes (87485)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (North Carolina) Alopias superciliosus (71660)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Alopias superciliosus, Alopias vulpinus (48887)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Madagascar Alopias superciliosus (55451)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Malta (Gozo) Alopias sp. (161385)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Peru Alopiidae indet. (167732)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Austria (Plesching bei Linz) Alopias exigua, Alopias latidens (159375)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Malta (Bahrija) Alopias sp. (161386)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Alopias palatasi (70823)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Alopias sp. (52183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Portugal (Penedo) Alopias sp. (161620)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Alopias latidens (79793) Alopias sp. (57700)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Mexico (Baja California Sur) Alopias sp. (13450)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Gifu) Alopias exigua, Alopias sp., Alopias latidens (161445)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India (Orissa) Alopias vulpes (46343)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokuriku) Alopias superciliosus (161492)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62France (Gironde) Alopias sp. (161524 161525 161527)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246Malta (Ras ii-Karraba) Alopias sp. (161384)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama (Colon) Alopias superciliosus (160781)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Alopias latidents (152251)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Panama (Panama) Alopias superciliosus (191995 191996) Alopias vulpinus (191987 191998)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Alopias superciliosus (162678)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal Alopias superciliosus (65954)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6South Africa Alopias vulpinus (100313)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Alopias vulpinus (52582)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Libya Alopias vulpinus (136597)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Spain (Huelva) Alopias vulpinus (151890)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Alopias vulpinus (188304)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Alopias vulpinus (190889)