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Rhinopteridae (cow-nosed ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1896Rhinopteridae Jordan and Evermann
1963Rhinopteridae Jordan p. 605
1968Rhinopteridae Jonet p. 254
1981Rhinopteridae Thurmond and Jones p. 76
1987Rhinopteridae Cappetta p. 172
2001Rhinopteridae Purdy et al. p. 95
2009Rhinopterinae Cicimurri and Knight p. 641
2017Rhinopteridae Szabo et al.
2018Rhinopteridae Kent p. 130

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Batoidea
orderMyliobatiformesCompagno 1973
familyRhinopteridaeJordan and Evermann 1896
familyRhinopteridaeJordan and Evermann 1896

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:51
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:51
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian to the top of the Gelasian or 70.60000 to 1.80600 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 66.0 Ma

Collections (126 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Pernambuco) Rhinoptera prisca (167994)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Rhinoptera sp. (60397)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Rhinoptera sp. (26819)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Arkansas) Rhinoptera sp. (206776)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Nigeria Rhinoptera sp. (7791)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Rhinoptera sp. (3113)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Mississippi) Rhinoptera sp. (62872)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (15074)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (South Carolina) Eorhinoptera grabdai (203258)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Rhinoptera davisesi (13299)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Pakistan Rhinoptera sp. (79971)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sherboni (15595)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Uzbekistan Rhinoptera sherborni (45701 45702 62573)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Chile Rhinoptera sp. (99479)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) Rhinoptera sp. (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Rhinoptera sherborni (60711)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Rhinoptera sherborni (41989 41992 41994 41998)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Togo Rhinoptera sp. (32991)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Egypt Rhinoptera sp. (137540 137541)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Rhinoptera sp. (16542)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria Rhinoptera sherborni (32905)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Rhinoptera sp. (16848 205834)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. 1, Rhinoptera sp. 2, Rhinoptera sp. (5387)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Rhinoptera sp. (75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Rhinoptera sp. (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (202013 202014)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Rhinoptera sp. (96686 96688)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Rhinoptera sp. (137546 137547 137548 137550 137551 137552 137558 137563 137564 137568 137569 137573 137579 137580 137582 137583 137584 137586 137588) Rhinopteridae indet. (145984)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Namibia (Sperrgebiet) Rhinoptera rasilis (149316)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Rhinoptera sp. (160397)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Chile Rhinoptera sp. (99478)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Rhinoptera sp. (69805)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Oman (Dhofar) Rhinoptera sp. (175334)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4Germany Rhinoptera sp. (46097)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (186636)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Japan (Saga) Rhinoptera sp. (204551)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (71651)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera studeri (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Rhinoptera studera (112580) Rhinoptera studeri (65162 112593)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil Rhinoptera studeri (112581)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Rhinoptera sp. (47026)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Baja California Sur) Aetobatus smithii (43807)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Lara) Rhinoptera sp. (145379)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Orissa) Rhinoptera sherborni (42842)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Colombia (La Guajira) Rhinopteridae sp. (166506)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (48887)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera dubia (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) Rhinoptera sp. (18614)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Rhinoptera dubia (22220)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Zygobatis sp. (18587)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Pakistan (Balochistan) Rhinoptera sp. (77783)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Portugal (Lisbon) Rhinoptera studeri (36628)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (148227)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Netherlands Rhinoptera sp. (45505)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (187324)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Austria Rhinoptera sp. (51002)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India (Orissa) Rhinoptera raeburni (46365)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Gifu) Rhinoptera sp. (161445)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera schultzi (161913) Rhinoptera studeri (161938)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokuriku) Rhinoptera sp. (161492)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Venezuela (Falcon) Rhinoptera sp. (161210)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Costa Rica Rhinoptera sp. (91357)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (161908)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) Rhinoptera sp. (18518)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Panama (Colon) Rhinoptera steindachneri (160574)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Slovakia (Bratislava) Rhinoptera sp. (161996)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Rhinoptera sp. (162017)
Mayoan11.8 - 10.0Peru Rhinoptera sp. (176133)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama (Colon) Rhinoptera steindachneri (160567)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Rhinoptera sp. (24237 187583) Rhinoptera steindachneri (96700 118105)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (91355)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Panama (Panama) Rhinoptera sp. (191987 191989 191994 191995 191996)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela (Falcon) Rhinoptera sp. (162677)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Netherlands Rhinoptera sp. (53889)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Portugal Rhinoptera studeri (56459)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela Rhinoptera sp. (92751)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Rhinoptera studeri (162678)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9Costa Rica (Puntarenas) Rhinoptera sp. (144596)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (91423)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (179732)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (65954)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal (Alvalade) Rhinoptera sp. (65955)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera bonasus (77594)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Angola Rhinoptera brasiliensis (154111)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) Rhinoptera bonasus (22712)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ecuador Rhinoptera sp. (204353)