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Labridae

Actinopteri - Labriformes - Labridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Labridae Leidy p. 346
1902Labridae Hay p. 400
1963Labridae Jordan p. 721
1966Labridae Casier p. 223
1967Labridae Miller p. 225
1981Labridae Thurmond and Jones p. 104
1988Labridae Case and Schwimmer p. 299
2001Labridae Purdy et al. p. 177
2002Labridae Dica p. 42
2002Labridae Hanel et al. p. 776
2012Labridae Fierstine et al. p. 135
2013Labridae Betancur-R. et al.
2014Labridae Bannikov p. 29
2015Labridae Bannikov and Bellwood p. 6

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
RankNameAuthor
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Percomorpharia
orderLabriformes
familyLabridae(Cuvier 1816)
familyLabridae(Cuvier 1816)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:44:22
Modified: 2009-07-20 22:44:22
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Eocene to the top of the Holocene or 55.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 47.8 Ma

Collections (77 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Platylaemus colei (8050) Pseudosphaerodon antiquus (13299)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Eocoris bloti, Phyllopharyngodon longipinnis, Bellwoodilabrus landinii, Labrobolcus giorgioi (94830)
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2United Kingdom (England) Labrus sp. (3257 3258)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Crenilabrus eocenicus, Pseudosphaerodon pycnodoides, Platylaemus nigeriensis (60711)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Platylaemus sp., Platylaemus colei (41989) Platylaemus sp., Pseudosphaerodon antiquus, Platylaemus colei (41888 41992 41998) Pseudosphaerodon antiquus, Platylaemus colei (41994 41996)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Antarctica (Seymour Island) Labridae indet. (53666)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria Crenilabrus eocenicus, Pseudosphaerodon pycnodoides, Platylaemus nigeriensis (32905)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Antarctica Labridae indet. (31173)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Namibia (Sperrgebiet) Labrodon stromeri (149316)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Antarctica Labridae indet. (186840)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Romania Lachnolaimus multidens (186845 186852)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Labrodon sp. (69805)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1New Zealand Labrodon confertidens (187476)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Argentina (Chubut) Labrodon sp. (133690)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (Victoria) Labrodon batesfordiensis (174143)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Labridae indet. (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Australia (Victoria) Nummopalatus depressus (174196)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Costa Rica Labrodon pavimentatum (187875)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) Labrodon sp. (51330)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) Labrodon carolinensis (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Sri Lanka Labrodon sinhaleyus, Labrodon angustidentatus (13449 14149)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (South Island) Labrodon confertidens (204227) Labrodon depressus (202913)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Italy Labrodon sp. (70814)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Spain (Mallorca) Labrodon pavimentatus, Labrodon sp., Labrodon multidens (155253)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97South Africa (Namaqualand) Labrodon sp. (51190)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Germany Labroidei indet. (188985)
Burdigalian - Tortonian20.44 - 7.246France Labrodon pavimentatum (187577)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France Labrodon pavimentatum (90354)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Protautoga conidens (57114 79793 187324) Tautoga sp., Tautoga onitis (57700)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Austria Coris sigismundi, Symphodus westneati, Wainwrightilabrus agassizi (186861)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Protautoga conidens (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Slovakia (Bratislava) Labridae indet. (58983)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Argentina (Entre Rios) Protautoga longidens (55599)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Labrodon sp., Labridae indet. (162017)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Czech Republic (Mikulov) Labridae indet. (161993 161995)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Labridae indet. (18554)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Australia (Victoria) Labrodon confertidens (178455)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Pimelometopon sp. (50069) Semicossyphus sp. (168017)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Protautoga conidens (152251)
Tortonian - Messinian11.62 - 5.333USA (California) Pimelometopon sp. (13300)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey Labridae indet. (56563)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Spain (Balearic Islands) Labrodon multidens (162703 162713)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Portugal Labrodon pavimentatum, Labrodon afrioanus, Labridae indet., Labrodon multidens (56459)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Nummopalatus depressus (46167)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Protautoga conidens (179732)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria (Oran) Labrus woodwardi, Labrus pellegrini, Symphodus pellegrini, Symphodus woodwardi (59256)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Labrodon sp. (154112)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Labroidei indet. (50343)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Libya Labridae indet. (136597)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Tautoga onitis (52582)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Pimelometopon sp. (50068)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588South Africa Labrodon stromeri (74791)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) Lachnolaimus maximus, Halichoeres sp. (22712)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781France (Alpes Maritimes) Labrodon pavimentum, Labrus sp. (50523)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Italy Symphodus mediterraneus (159288)
Calabrian - Middle Pleistocene1.806 - 0.126Italy (Sardinia) Labrus bergylta, Labrus merula, Labrus sp., Coris julis (51482)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Labridae indet. (20400)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (California) Pimelometopon pulchrum (85314)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Mexico (Baja California) Semicossyphus pulcher (191984)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Marshall Islands Labridae indet., Coris sp. (194995) Labridae indet., Thalassoma sp. (194997)