Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Myliobatidae (eagle ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Myliobatidae Bonaparte
1889Myliobatidae Woodward p. 109
1894Promyliobatis Jaekel p. 152
1901Myliobatidae Ameghino p. 82
1902Myliobatidae Hay p. 319
1904Myliobatidae Eastman p. 73
1906Myliobatidae Andrews p. 317
1916Myliobatidae Woodward p. 19
1942Myliobatidae Leriche p. 17
1963Myliobatidae Jordan p. 605
1966Myliobatidae Cassier p. 92
1968Myliobatidae Jonet p. 253
1975Myliobatidae Herman p. 283
1979Myliobatidae Case p. 85
1981Myliobatidae Case p. 71
1981Myliobatidae Thurmond and Jones p. 75
1987Myliobatidae Cappetta p. 170
1987Myliobatidae Kumar and Loyal p. 68
1988Myliobatidae Case and Schwimmer p. 295
1993Myliobatidae Cvancara and Hoganson p. 11
2001Myliobatidae Purdy et al. p. 93
2002Myliobatidae Silva et al. p. 4
2005Myliobatidae Tabuce et al. p. 387
2006Myliobatidae Underwood p. 234
2007Myliobatidae Buchanan et al. p. 35
2007Myliobatidae Kriwet et al.
2009Myliobatidae Cicimurri and Knight p. 639
2014Myliobatidae Carnevale et al. p. 41
2017Myliobatidae Szabo et al.
2018Myliobatidae Kent p. 127
2019Myliobatidae Ebersole et al. p. 123

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
orderMyliobatiformesCompagno 1973
suborderMyliobatoideiCompagno 1973
familyMyliobatidaeBonaparte 1838
familyMyliobatidaeBonaparte 1838

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:51
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:51
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Albian to the top of the Holocene or 105.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 100.5 Ma

Collections (403 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Myliobatis sp. (84018)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Pseudohypolophus sp. (52126)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Pseudohypolophus sp. (55246)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5USA (Utah) Pseudohypolophus sp. (22679)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Brazil (Maranhão) Myliobatidae indet. (67225)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Pernambuco) Apocopodon sericeus, Rhinoptera prisca (167994)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Kansas) Brachyrhizodus mcnultyi (35365)
Early/Lower Santonian - Middle Santonian85.8 - 83.5USA (Georgia) Pseudohypolophus ellipsis (61769)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Jordan Pseudohypolophus elongatus (62538)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Delaware) Pseudohypolophus sp., Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (126600 126810)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Pseudohypolophus sp., Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (35289 70720)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Maryland) Myliobatis obesus (127194)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (132656)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) Brachyrhizodus witchitaensis, Protamia sp. (57918)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) Pseudohypolophus sp., Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (14455)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) Pseudohypolophus sp., Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (32181)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Pseudohypolophus sp., Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (27570)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis (79363)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Igdabatis sigmodon (122240) Igdabatis sp. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Gujarat) Igdabatis sp. (60170)