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Rajidae (skate)

Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes - Rajidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1816Rajidae Blainville
1889Rajidae Woodward p. 84
1902Rajidae Hay p. 315
1904Rajidae Eastman p. 71
1942Rajidae Leriche p. 12
1963Rajidae Jordan p. 603
1966Rajidae Cassier p. 90
1968Rajidae Jonet p. 247
1980Rajidae Capetta p. 202
1981Rajidae Thurmond and Jones p. 72
1983Rajidae Bendix-Almgreen p. 2
1987Rajidae Cappetta p. 143
2001Rajidae Purdy et al. p. 89
2006Rajidae Underwood p. 234
2009Rajidae Cicimurri and Knight p. 635
2018Rajidae Kent p. 124

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
superorderBatomorphii
orderRajiformesBerg 1940
familyRajidaeBlainville 1816
familyRajidaeBlainville 1816

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:15:23
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:15:23
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Rhaetian to the top of the Rancholabrean or 208.50000 to 0.01200 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 201.3 Ma

Collections (67 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Raja sp. (91635)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Pararaja expansa (69118)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Lebanon Raja davisi (92241)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Raja farishi (83331)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Raja farishi (61738)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3France (Landes) Raja michauxi (161754)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Texas) Raja texana (83826)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0France (Landes) Raja marandati (161753)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Raja sp. (16848)
Bartonian - Priabonian41.3 - 33.9USA (Oregon) Raja sp. (201282)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Raja sp. (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany Rajidae indet. (46086)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany Raja heinzelini (46098) Raja terhagensis, Raja casieri, Raja ceciliae, Raja heinzelini (46096)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Raja casieri, Raja terhagenensis (32012)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Raja sp., Raja mccollumi (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Orissa) Raja sp. (42842)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Gujarat) Raja sp. (87721)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (California) Raja sp. (59059)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Netherlands Raja sp. (45505)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Raja sp. (79793 187324)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Gifu) Raja sp. (161445)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pliocene15.97 - 3.6Chile (Antwerpen) Rajidae indet. (154114)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Slovakia (Bratislava) Rajidae indet. (58983)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Japan (Hokuriku) Rajidae indet. (161489)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Raja sp. (126605)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246Malta (Ras ii-Karraba) Raja gentili (161384)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Czech Republic (Mikulov) Dipturus olisiponensis (161993) Raja sp. (161995)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Argentina (Entre Rios) Rajidae indet. (128628 140010)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Raja sp. (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Denmark Raja sp. (98312)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Poland Raja sp. (121515)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Portugal Raja praeclavata (91355)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Netherlands (Noord-Brabant) Raja sp. (89445)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Netherlands Raja sp. (53889)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Netherlands (Noord-Brabant) Raja sp. (162679)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Raja sp. (162678)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333South Africa Raja sp. (22219)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Panama (Panama) Raja sloani (191998)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Portugal Raja sp. (91423)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Raja sp. (179732)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (California) Raja binoculata (184950)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal Raja sp. (65954)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal (Alvalade) Raja sp., Raja olisiponensis (65955)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Raja sp. (52582)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Raja binoculata (117471 184960 184961 184965)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (South Carolina) Raja sp. (77594)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Netherlands (Noord-Brabant) Raja sp., Raja clavata (59003)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Argentina (Buenos Aires) Raja agassizi (53926)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Netherlands (Noord-Brabant) Raja sp. (89446)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (California) Raja binoculata (117472 184954 184955 184956)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Italy Rajidae indet. (57058)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806United Kingdom (England) Raja batis (78012)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781United Kingdom (England) Raja clavata (58420)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Oregon) Raja sp. (59062)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (California) Raja sp. (85314)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Raja sp. (190889)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) Raja sp. (73485)