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Gnathostomata (jawed fish)

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1874Gnathostomata Gegenbauer p. 408
1898Gnathostomata Gadow p. 5
1934Gnathostomata Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1999Gnathostomata Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2001Gnathostomata Donoghue and Smith p. 18
2003Gnathostomata Meyer and Zardoya
2011Gnathostomata Long p. 241
2017Gnathostomata Richter et al. p. 110

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 15:11:50
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:11:50
Source: g = genus, subp = subphylum, p = phylum
References: Holman 2000, Legendre 1988, Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Hopson 1973, Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Cassinian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 468.1 Ma

Collections (41497 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Incertae indet. (75589)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Australia (Northern Territory) Chondrichthyes indet., Areyonga oervigi (90418)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Northwest Territories) Archipelepis turbinata (90310 90313 90314)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Nunavut) Archipelepis turbinata (90315)
Llandovery - Ludlow443.4 - 423.0USA (New York) Vernonaspis sp. (12764)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Canada (Nunavut) Kannathalepis milleri (135991)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Canada (Yukon) Vernonaspis major, Ptomaspis canadensis, Dikenaspis yukonensis (185831)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (Pennsylvania) Vernonaspis sp. (12763)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5USA (Nevada) Pentlandia merriami (51520 51522)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5Norway Pentlandia sp. (13845)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Xinjiang) Chondrichthyes sp. (182524)
Sheinwoodian - Homerian433.4 - 427.4Canada (Northwest Territories) Overia adraini (90316 90317 90318 90319)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4Canada (Northwest Territories) Vernonaspis sp. (497)
Wenlock - Ludlow433.4 - 423.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Cyathaspididae indet. (188832 188834)
Wenlock - Silurian433.4 - 419.2USA (Wisconsin) Pentlandia glypta (13040 13069)
Gorstian427.4 - 425.6China (Junnan) Silurolepis platydorsalis, Qilinyu rostrata (182557)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0USA (Pennsylvania) Vernonaspis sp. (14206)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0China (Yunnan) Guiyu oneiros (27771)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Russian Federation Andreolepis hedei (23637) Cyathaspididae indet., Valiukia sp. 1, Phlebolepis elegans (90326) Phlebolepis elegans (24772)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0United Kingdom Nethertonodus prodigialis (182179)