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Actinopteri -

Teleostei was named by Müller (1846). It is extant.

It was reranked as the suborder Teleostei by Gadow (1898); it was corrected as Teleostea by Jaekel (1911); it was reranked as the superorder Teleostei by Jordan (1963); it was reranked as the infraclass Teleostei by Thurmond and Jones (1981), Case and Schwimmer (1988), Nelson (2006), Betancur-R et al. (2013) and Denton (2013); it was reranked as the unranked clade Teleosti by Carnevale and Godfrey (2018); it was reranked as the unranked clade Teleostei by Normark et al. (1991), Domning and Clark (1993), Murray (1996), Fierstine (1998), Forey et al. (2003), Alvarado-Ortega (2004), Carnevale (2007), Grande and Grande (2008), Long (2011), Fierstine et al. (2012), Arratia (2017) and Ebersole et al. (2019).

It was assigned to Actinopterygii by Gadow (1898); to Teleostomata by Jaekel (1911); to Actinopteri by Jordan (1963); to Osteichthyes by Huxley (1880), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Kumar and Loyal (1987) and Peng et al. (2001); to Neopterygii by Normark et al. (1991), Meyer and Zardoya (2003) and Grande and Grande (2008); to Actinopterygii by Case and Schwimmer (1988), Murray (1996), Fierstine (1998), Fierstine (2001), Fierstine and Starnes (2005), Gottfried et al. (2006) and Zalohar et al. (2009); to Neopterygii by Nelson (2006), Long (2011), Fierstine et al. (2012) and Betancur-R et al. (2013); to Actinopterygii by Domning and Clark (1993), Carnevale (2007) and Denton (2013); to Halecostomi by Forey et al. (2003), Alvarado-Ortega (2004) and Carnevale and Godfrey (2018); and to Teleosteomorpha by Arratia (2017) and Ebersole et al. (2019).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1846Teleostei Müller
1880Teleostei Huxley p. 662
1898Teleostei Gadow p. 8
1911Teleostea Jaekel p. 87
1956Amphiuma nordica Brunner
1963Teleostei Jordan p. 616
1981Teleostei Thurmond and Jones p. 87
1987Teleostei Kumar and Loyal p. 73
1988Teleostei Case and Schwimmer p. 299
1991Teleostei Normark et al. p. 829
1993Teleostei Domning and Clark p. 413
1996Teleostei Murray p. 642
1998Teleostei Fierstine p. 34
2001Teleostei Fierstine p. 28
2001Teleostei Peng et al. p. 15
2003Teleostei Forey et al. p. 228
2003Teleostei Meyer and Zardoya
2004Teleostei Alvarado-Ortega
2005Teleostei Fierstine and Starnes p. 281
2006Teleostei Gottfried et al.
2006Teleostei Nelson
2007Teleostei Carnevale p. 8
2008Teleostei Grande and Grande p. 10
2009Teleostei Zalohar et al. p. 80
2011Teleostei Long p. 242
2012Teleostei Fierstine et al. p. 12
2013Teleostei Betancur-R. et al.
2013Teleostei Denton p. 786
2017Teleostei Arratia p. 21
2018Teleosti Carnevale and Godfrey p. 167
2019Teleostei Ebersole et al. p. 156

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Teleostei(Müller 1846)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Illyrian to the top of the Holocene or 247.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 242.0 Ma

Collections (2125 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Spathian - Bithynian251.3 - 242.0Australia (New South Wales) Pholidophorus gregarius (131926)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Pholidophorus barazzettii (149323) Pholidophorus barazzettii, Pholidophorus curionii (117943)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany Pholidophorus sp. (139864)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Australia (New South Wales) Pholidophorus sp. (111729)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain Parapholidophorus sp. (149853) Pholidophoridae indet. (148734 148735) Pholidophorus sp., Pholidophoriformes indet. (149852)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany Nephrotus chorzowensis (149170)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Guizhou) Malingichthys nimaiguensis, Malingichthys wanfenglinensis (175087)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy Leptolepis sp. (153401) Palaeoniscus curioni (153100) Pholidophorus curionii (153408)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Lecco) Pholidophorus curionii (120901)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Austria Elpistoichthys pectinatus, Pholidophoretes salvus, Elpistoichthys striolatus (118111)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Knerichthys bronni (153334 153335) Pholidophorus microlepidotus, Pholidophorus bronnii (122361)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Italy Pholidophorus knerii, Pholidophorus deeckei, Pholidophorus taramelli (153107)
Lacian221.5 - 215.56Indonesia (Maluku) Pholidophorus sp. (204490)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy (Lombardia) Parapholidophorus nybelini, Pholidoctenus serianus, Pholidorhynchodon malzannii (59639)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Luxembourg (Diekirch) Teleostei indet. (56047)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Austria (Tirol) Pholidophorus latiusculus, Pholidophorus pusillus (130601 130602)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) Eopholidophorus forojuliensis (83370)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy Pholidophorus gervasuttii, Zambellichthys bergamensis, Annaichthys pontegiurinensis (122001) Pholidophorus latiusculus (121671 131996) Pholidophorus latiusculus, Pholidophorus pusillus (153108) Pholidorhynchodon malzannii, Ceneichthys zambellii (198268)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Austria Pholidophorus latiusculus (155734 207544 207545 207546 207547) Pholidophorus sp. n., Pholidophorus latiusculus (122455)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Italy Pholidoctenus sanpellegrinensis (186590) Pholidophorus caffii (130603)