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Pilosa

Mammalia -

Taxonomy
Pilosa was named by Flower (1883). It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Xenarthra by Hay (1902); it was synonymized subjectively with Anicanodonta by Gregory (1910); it was reranked as the suborder Pilosa by McKenna (1975); it was reranked as the order Pilosa by Delsuc et al. (2001); it was reranked as the unranked clade Pilosa by McDonald and Naples (2007).

It was assigned to Edentata by McKenna (1975); to Edentata by Flower (1883) and Thurmond and Jones (1981); to Xenarthra by Paula Couto (1956) and MacFadden et al. (1993); to Xenarthra by Carroll (1988), Gaudin (1995), Gaudin and Branham (1998), McDonald and Naples (2007) and McDonald et al. (2013); and to Xenarthra by Delsuc et al. (2001) and McDonald and Carranza-Castañeda (2017).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1883Pilosa Flower p. 184
1889Anicanodonta Ameghino p. 657
1894Anicanodonta Ameghino p. 141
1906Anicanodonta Ameghino p. 91
1910Anicanodonta Gregory p. 465
1956Pilosa Paula Couto p. 99
1975Pilosa McKenna p. 40
1981Pilosa Thurmond and Jones p. 177
1988Pilosa Carroll
1993Pilosa MacFadden et al. p. 235
1995Pilosa Gaudin
1998Pilosa Gaudin and Branham
2001Pilosa Delsuc et al.
2007Pilosa McDonald and Naples p. 154
2013Pilosa McDonald et al. p. 1227
2017Pilosa McDonald and Carranza-Castañeda

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Americatheria
Xenarthra()
infraorderPilosaFlower 1883
infraorderPilosaFlower 1883

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 80 kgg
Minimum body mass: 40 kgg
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2005-08-26 13:20:40
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:20:40
Source: g = genus, o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bartonian to the top of the Holocene or 41.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 38.0 Ma

Collections (753 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Antarctica Megalonychidae indet. (31173)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Chile Tardigrada indet. (38072)
Deseadan29.0 - 21.0Bolivia (La Paz) Megalonychidae indet. (133611) Octodontotherium sp. (133596) Paroctodontotherium calleorum (142561)
Deseadan29.0 - 21.0Uruguay Scelidodon sp. (176487)
Deseadan29.0 - 21.0Argentina (Santa Cruz) Octodontotherium sp. (50074 176269)
Deseadan29.0 - 21.0Bolivia Megalonychidae indet., Paroctodontotherium calleorum (95688)
Deseadan29.0 - 21.0Argentina (Mendoza) Megalonychidae indet. (176466)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Peru (Loreto) Mylodontoidea indet., Mylodontidae indet. (176147)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Peru Pseudoprepotherium sp. (176149)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Argentina (Santa Cruz) Hapalops sp. (59319) Hyperleptus sp., Hapalops sp. 1, Hapalops sp. 2, Nematherium sp., Eucholoeops ingens, Eucholoeops fronto, Eucholaeops sp. 1, Eucholaeops sp. 2 (142533) Megatherioidea indet. (59133)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Chile (Bío Bío) Nematherium angulatum (140103)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Lara) Tardigrada indet. (145379)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Colombia (La Guajira) Megatheriidae sp. (166506)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Cuba (Sancti Spiritus) Imagocnus zazae (31183)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (California) Megalonychidae indet. (19376)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Nicaragua Eremotherium laurillardi (86962)
Neogene - Pleistocene23.03 - 0.0117Uruguay (Soriano) Glossotherium sp. (204261)
Colhuehuapian21.0 - 17.5Argentina (Mendoza) Planopinae indet. (189519)
Colhuehuapian21.0 - 17.5Argentina (Chubut) Megalonychidae indet. (141368) Nematherium sp. (176205)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Chile (Magallanes) Megalonychidae indet., Tardigrada indet. (204203)