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Mammut (mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1799Mammut Blumenbach
1817Mastodon Cuvier
1825Mastodon Gray p. 342
1830Tetracaulodon Godman
1840Missourium Koch
1841Leviathan Koch
1848Mastodon Owen p. 139
1860Mastodon Leidy p. 108
1860Mastodon Nordmann p. 288
1873Mastodon Leidy p. 330
1902Mammut Hay p. 707
1916Mastodon Stefani p. 10
1918Mastodon Osborn
1919Mastodon Abel p. 826
1926Pliomastodon Osborn
1926Mastodon Schneider p. 150
1967Mammut Wilson p. 213
1980Mammut Kurten and Anderson p. 344
1980Mammut Madden p. 58
1980Pliomastodon Madden p. 58
1981Mammut Thurmond and Jones p. 180
1987Mammut Miller p. 171
1987Pliomastodon Tedford et al.
1988Mammut Carroll
1988Pliomastodon Carroll
1989Mammut Shoshani et al. p. 436
1993Mammut Abraczinskas p. 345
1996Mammut Shoshani and Tassy p. 352
1997Mammut McKenna and Bell p. 500
1998Mammut Lambert and Shoshani p. 610
2005Mammut Shoshani and Tassy p. 9 figs. Table 2.1
2018Mammut Eshelman et al. p. 10
2019Mammut Dooley et al. p. 4
2019Mammut Konidaris and Tsoukala

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Tethytheria
orderProboscidea()
suborderElephantiformesTassy 1988
ElephantimorphaTassy and Shoshani 1997
MammutidaTassy and Shoshani 1997
familyMammutidaeHay 1922
genusMammutBlumenbach 1799

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 8.02 tons Mammalia femur circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
 8.25 tons Mammalia humerus circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
mean: 8.13 tons
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
femur circumference3390.0315.0463.6406.474.9
fibula circumference1234.0----
humerus circumference2455.6419.1495.3457.253.9
tibia circumference3352.3279.4440.0355.680.3
ulna circumference3331.1304.8381.0312.541.9

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: browserg
Comments: browser based on stable isotopes (MacFadden and Cerling 1996)g
Created: 2005-08-31 15:16:05
Modified: 2009-01-04 12:24:42
Source: g = genus, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Lambert and Shoshani 1998, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Rupelian to the top of the Holocene or 33.90000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (565 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Angola (Cabinda) Mastodon sp. (56682)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Louisiana) Mastodon sp. (163790 163791)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nevada) Gomphotherium simpsoni (19102)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Montana) Mammut sp. (19124)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (California) Gomphotherium productum (19608) Trilophodon simpsoni (19418)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (North Carolina) Mastodon giganteus (51592)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Oregon) Gomphotherium cingulatum (19115) Mammut furlongi (18824 18830)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Colorado) Serridentinus fricki (18874)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) Gomphotherium productum (18618 18703) Gomphotherium productus (18375)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Indonesia (Borneo) Mastodon latidens (92952)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Pennsylvania) Mammut americanum (104797)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Mammut americanum (20603)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Massachusetts) Mammut americanum (108274)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Mammut americanum (93142)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Yukon) Mammut americanum (73691)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Mammut americanum (73684)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (New Mexico) Mastodon americanus (93377)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Mammut americanum (63429)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Virginia) Mammut americanum (104701)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Virginia) Mammut americanum (104702)