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Stegodon

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1857Stegodon Falconer
1919Stegodon Abel p. 828
1988Stegodon Carroll
1995Stegodon Kalb and Frohelich p. 732
1996Stegodon Shoshani and Tassy p. 352
1997Stegodon McKenna and Bell p. 503
1999Stegodon Sanders p. 793
2005Stegodon Shoshani and Tassy p. 9 figs. Table 2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Tethytheria
orderProboscidea()
superfamilyElephantoidea
familyElephantidae
genusStegodonFalconer 1857

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-22 20:09:03
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Baodean to the top of the Holocene or 11.10000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (93 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa S. sp. (22220)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda S. kaisensis (22393 22418 22420 22424 22437)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Greece (Kozani) S. sp. (202732)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Taiwan S. sinensis (76863)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Taiwan (Taichung) S. insignis (76860) S. orientalis (76861) S. orientalis, S. sinensis, S. insignis (76862)
Tortonian - Messinian11.62 - 5.333Kenya S. kaisensis (22307)
Tortonian - Zanclean11.62 - 3.6Ethiopia S. kaisensis (22161) S. kenyensis, S. kaisensis (22158)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Thailand (Nakorn Ratchasima) S. sp. (67172)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333India (Himachal Pradesh) S. bombifrons (13060)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) S. sp. (144187)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad S. kaisensis (24181)
Baodean11.1 - 4.9China (Yunnan) S. zhaotongensis (183982)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Japan (Nagano) S. shinshuensis (156221)
Ruscinian5.333 - 3.2China (Shanxi) S. zdanskyi (42273)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Chad S. kaisensis (22506)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Jammu) S. insignis (51102) S. insignis, S. sp. (51101)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588China (Yunnan) S. primitium, S. sp. (42561)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Uganda S. kaisensis (22250 22252 22260 22265)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Panjab) S. bombifrons, S. insignis (51104 51106)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117India (Uttar Pradesh) S. insignis (37751)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Nepal S. insignis (36574)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Congo-Kinshasa S. kaisensis (22088 22124)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Pakistan (Jhelem, Punjab) S. rathiansis (13448)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Japan S. miensis (53828)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Japan (Shimane) S. elephantoides (52018)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Indonesia (Sulawesi) S. compoensis (93632) S. sompoensis (93543 93546 93567 93623 93625 93627 93631 93633 93635) S. sp. (93548 93634)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (Sulawesi) S. sompoensis (93525)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Myanmar S. elephantoides (41258)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan S. aurorae (79697)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan (Tokyo) S. aurorae (76022)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) S. florensis (68069)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia S. hypsilosphus, S. trigonocephalus (93522) S. trigonocephalus (93520)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Taiwan (Tainan) S. sinensis, S. akashiensis, S. aurorae (76844)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781China (Yunnan) S. sp. (71055)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781China (Hunan) S. orientalis (36819)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (Flores) S. sondaari (93660)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) S. sp. (143885)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Israel S. sp. (34043)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Philippines (Luzon) S. luzonensis (94612) S. sp. (40273)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117China (Yunnan) S. elaphantoides, S. sp. (36587) S. sp., S. yuanmouensis (36584) S. zhaotungensis, S. elephantoides (36583)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Myanmar S. insignis (41266 41306)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) S. sumbaensis (94323)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Vietnam (Lang Son) S. orientalis (92781)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Indonesia (Sulawesi) S. sp. (93636)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126China (Guangxi) S. sp. (38649)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Vietnam S. orientalis (108001)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Indonesia (Flores) S. florensis (93668 93669 93670)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126China (Guizhou) S. paleorientalis (51100)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126India (Madhya Pradesh) S. ganesa, S. insignis (92786)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126China (Guangdong) S. orientalis (40341 120834)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Syria S. trigonocephalus (34105)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Indonesia (Jawa Timur) S. trigonocephalus (93521)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117China (Guangdong) S. orientalis (13293)
Middle Pleistocene - Quaternary0.781 - 0.0Israel S. mediterraneus (13490)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Indonesia S. trigonocephalus (93523)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117China (Hunan) S. orientalis (36729 36730)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) S. sp. (68057 68065)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (high glacial)0.126 - 0.0117China (Hubei) S. orientalis (92787)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa S. sp. (22068)