Basic info  Taxonomic history  Classification  Relationships 
Morphology  Ecology and taphonomy  External Literature Search  Age range and collections 
Odontoceti (toothed whale)
Mammalia  Cetacea
Taxonomy
Odontoceti was named by Flower (1867). It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Uhen (2008) and Lambert et al. (2010).
It was corrected as Odontocete by Hay (1902); it was reranked as the unranked clade Odontoceti by Gregory (1910), Van Deinse (1931), McKenna and Bell (1997), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Pyenson and Hoch (2007), Agnarsson and MayCollado (2008), Uhen (2008), Rice (2009), Canto et al. (2010), Tanaka and Fordyce (2014), Marx et al. (2016), Bianucci et al. (2016), Tanaka et al. (2017), Godfrey et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Boessenecker et al. (2017), Berta (2017), Hernández Cisneros et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2018), Bianucci et al. (2018), Geisler (2018), Collareta et al. (2019) and Peri et al. (2019).
It was assigned to Cetacea by Gregory (1910); to Cetacei by Jaekel (1911); to Cete by Hay (1902) and Hay (1930); to Autoceta by McKenna and Bell (1997); to Autoceta by Geisler and Sanders (2003); to Cetacea by Pyenson and Hoch (2007), Agnarsson and MayCollado (2008) and Rice (2009); to Cetacea by Hulbert and Whitmore (2006) and Canto et al. (2010); to Cetacea by Flower (1867), Flower (1883), Lydekker (1887), Cope (1889), Cope (1890), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Zittel (1894), Flores (1895), Parker and Haswell (1897), Gadow (1898), Trouessart (1898), Abel (1900), Weber (1904), Trouessart (1904), Case (1904), True (1908), Turner (1912), Miller (1923), Zittel (1925), Weber (1928), Van Deinse (1931), Slijper (1936), Simpson (1945), Ellerman and MorrissonScott (1951), Paula Couto (1956), Fraser and Purves (1960), Rothausen (1961), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Harland et al. (1967), Moore (1968), Gaskin et al. (1974), McKenna (1975), Brownell (1975), Whitmore and Sanders (1977), Barnes (1978), Reeves and Tracey (1980), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Whitmore (1984), Loughlin and Perez (1985), Barnes et al. (1985), Barnes (1985), Barnes (1985), Cozzuol (1985), Pilleri (1986), Heyning and Dahleim (1988), Carroll (1988), Stewart and Stewart (1989), Pilleri (1990), Vidal (1991), Benton (1993), Jefferson and Newcomer (1993), Stacey et al. (1994), Jefferson and Leatherwood (1994), Fordyce and Barnes (1994), Fordyce et al. (1995), Newcomer et al. (1996), da Silva and Best (1996), Bianucci (1997), Rice (1998), Bergqvist et al. (1999), Perrin (2001), Norman and Mead (2001), Jefferson and Karczmarski (2001), Sach and Heizmann (2001), Rice (2002), Perrin (2002), Kazár et al. (2004), Gingerich (2005), Mead and Brownell (2005), Cahuzac et al. (2005), Uhen (2005), Kazár (2005), Lambert (2005), Lambert (2006), Kazár (2006), Barnes (2006), Bianucci and Landini (2006), Hampe (2006), Lambert and Louwye (2006), Bianucci et al. (2007), Lambert (2008), Bloodworth and Odell (2008), Gutstein et al. (2009), AguirreFernández et al. (2009) and Post and Kompanje (2010); to Cetacea by Bianucci et al. (2016); to Pelagiceti by Boessenecker et al. (2017); and to Neoceti by Fordyce and de Muizon (2001), Fordyce (2003), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Uhen (2008), Uhen (2010), Fitzgerald (2010), Lambert et al. (2010), Geisler et al. (2011), Tanaka and Fordyce (2014), Tanaka and Fordyce (2015), Tanaka and Fordyce (2016), Godfrey et al. (2016), Marx et al. (2016), Tanaka et al. (2017), Collareta et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Godfrey et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Berta (2017), Hernández Cisneros et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2018), Bianucci et al. (2018), Peredo et al. (2018), Lambert et al. (2018), Geisler (2018), Gaetán et al. (2019), Collareta et al. (2019) and Peri et al. (2019).
It was corrected as Odontocete by Hay (1902); it was reranked as the unranked clade Odontoceti by Gregory (1910), Van Deinse (1931), McKenna and Bell (1997), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Pyenson and Hoch (2007), Agnarsson and MayCollado (2008), Uhen (2008), Rice (2009), Canto et al. (2010), Tanaka and Fordyce (2014), Marx et al. (2016), Bianucci et al. (2016), Tanaka et al. (2017), Godfrey et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Boessenecker et al. (2017), Berta (2017), Hernández Cisneros et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2018), Bianucci et al. (2018), Geisler (2018), Collareta et al. (2019) and Peri et al. (2019).
It was assigned to Cetacea by Gregory (1910); to Cetacei by Jaekel (1911); to Cete by Hay (1902) and Hay (1930); to Autoceta by McKenna and Bell (1997); to Autoceta by Geisler and Sanders (2003); to Cetacea by Pyenson and Hoch (2007), Agnarsson and MayCollado (2008) and Rice (2009); to Cetacea by Hulbert and Whitmore (2006) and Canto et al. (2010); to Cetacea by Flower (1867), Flower (1883), Lydekker (1887), Cope (1889), Cope (1890), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Zittel (1894), Flores (1895), Parker and Haswell (1897), Gadow (1898), Trouessart (1898), Abel (1900), Weber (1904), Trouessart (1904), Case (1904), True (1908), Turner (1912), Miller (1923), Zittel (1925), Weber (1928), Van Deinse (1931), Slijper (1936), Simpson (1945), Ellerman and MorrissonScott (1951), Paula Couto (1956), Fraser and Purves (1960), Rothausen (1961), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Harland et al. (1967), Moore (1968), Gaskin et al. (1974), McKenna (1975), Brownell (1975), Whitmore and Sanders (1977), Barnes (1978), Reeves and Tracey (1980), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Whitmore (1984), Loughlin and Perez (1985), Barnes et al. (1985), Barnes (1985), Barnes (1985), Cozzuol (1985), Pilleri (1986), Heyning and Dahleim (1988), Carroll (1988), Stewart and Stewart (1989), Pilleri (1990), Vidal (1991), Benton (1993), Jefferson and Newcomer (1993), Stacey et al. (1994), Jefferson and Leatherwood (1994), Fordyce and Barnes (1994), Fordyce et al. (1995), Newcomer et al. (1996), da Silva and Best (1996), Bianucci (1997), Rice (1998), Bergqvist et al. (1999), Perrin (2001), Norman and Mead (2001), Jefferson and Karczmarski (2001), Sach and Heizmann (2001), Rice (2002), Perrin (2002), Kazár et al. (2004), Gingerich (2005), Mead and Brownell (2005), Cahuzac et al. (2005), Uhen (2005), Kazár (2005), Lambert (2005), Lambert (2006), Kazár (2006), Barnes (2006), Bianucci and Landini (2006), Hampe (2006), Lambert and Louwye (2006), Bianucci et al. (2007), Lambert (2008), Bloodworth and Odell (2008), Gutstein et al. (2009), AguirreFernández et al. (2009) and Post and Kompanje (2010); to Cetacea by Bianucci et al. (2016); to Pelagiceti by Boessenecker et al. (2017); and to Neoceti by Fordyce and de Muizon (2001), Fordyce (2003), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Uhen (2008), Uhen (2010), Fitzgerald (2010), Lambert et al. (2010), Geisler et al. (2011), Tanaka and Fordyce (2014), Tanaka and Fordyce (2015), Tanaka and Fordyce (2016), Godfrey et al. (2016), Marx et al. (2016), Tanaka et al. (2017), Collareta et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Godfrey et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2017), Berta (2017), Hernández Cisneros et al. (2017), Lambert et al. (2018), Bianucci et al. (2018), Peredo et al. (2018), Lambert et al. (2018), Geisler (2018), Gaetán et al. (2019), Collareta et al. (2019) and Peri et al. (2019).
Subtaxa
Acrodelphinidae, Agorophiidae, Agorophioidea, Agriocetus, Argyrocetus (syn. Doliodelphis), Ashleycetidae, Atropatenocetus, Balaenodon, Belosphys, Cetophis, Champsodelphis (syn. Acrodelphis), Chilcacetus, Colophonodon, Delphinapterus orcinus, Delphinida, Delphinoceti, Delphinodon mento, Delphinopsis, Delphinorhynchus, Delphinus baltringii, Delphinus restitutensis, Delphinus vanzelleri, Dinoziphius, Ediscetus, Eurhinodelphinida, Eurhinodelphis minoensis, Eurhinodelphis sassariensis, Graphiodon, Helvicetus, Helvicetus rugosus, Hesperocetus, Hesperoinia, Homaeocetus, Homocetus villersii, Hyperoodontoidea, Imerodelphis, Inticetidae, Ixacanthus, Kharthlidelphis, Lonchodelphis, Macrochirifer, Macrodelphinus, Microcetus, Microzeuglodon, Miokogia, Miotursiops, Mirocetidae, Monodon spurius, Monodontoidea, Nannolithax, Neosqualodon (syn. Microsqualodon), Oligodelphis, Oligosqualodon, Olympicetus, Palaeoziphius, Pandelphinida, Panphyseteroidea, Parapontoporiidae, Parasqualodon, Patriocetidae, Pelodelphis, Phoca debilis, Phoca rugosidens, Phocaenopsis, Phococetus, Physeteroidea, Physetodon, Platanistida, Platanistoidea, Platydelphis, Pontivaga, Priscodelphinus, Priscodelphinus teres, Priscophyseter, Prolipotes, Prophyseter, Prosqualodon (syn. Proinia, Postsqualodon), Proterocetus, Rhabdosteoidea, Rhabdosteus, Rhabodosteus, Sachalinocetus, Saurocetus, Scaptodon, Scaptodon lodderi, Simocetidae, Squaloceti, Squalodelphis pusillus, Squalodon (Microzeuglodon) wingei, Squalodon crassus, Squalodon kelloggi, Squalodon pelagius, Squalodon wymanii (syn. Delphinodon leidyi), Squalodontoidea, Squaloziphiidae, Stereodelphis, Sulakocetus, Susoidea, Synrhina, Tretosphys, Tretosphys uraeus, Uncamentodon, Xenorophidae, Zignodelphinidae, Ziphioidea
Synonyms

Synonymy list
Year  Name and author 

1780  Monodon spurius Fabricius 
1817  Delphinus (Delphinorhynchus) Blainville p. 151 
1825  Delphinorhyncus Gray p. 340 
1829  Delphinus spurius Fischer p. 515 
1846  Delphinorhynchus Gray p. 28 
1846  Balaenodon Owen p. 536 figs. Fig. 226, 227 
1850  Delphinorhynchus Gray p. 73 
1851  Priscodelphinus Leidy p. 326 
1851  Priscodelphinus harlani Leidy p. 326 
1852  Champsodelphis Gervais p. 152 figs. Plate 41 
1852  Stereodelphis Gervais p. 152 figs. Plate 9, Fig. 46 
1852  Delphinus conradi Leidy p. 35 
1852  Colophonodon Leidy p. 377 
1853  Balaenodon Bronn p. 756 
1853  Delphinopsis Bronn p. 762 
1853  Colophonodon Leidy p. 377 
1853  Delphinopsis Muller p. 88 
1853  Balaenodon Pictet p. 379 
1853  Stereodelphis Pictet p. 382 
1853  Champsodelphis Pictet p. 383 
1854  Delphinus conradi Leidy p. 8 
1857  Phoca debilis Leidy p. 265 
1864  Denticete Gray 
1866  Denticete Gray p. 194 
1867  Squalodon wymanii Cope p. 8 
1867  Rhabdosteus Cope p. 132 
1867  Squalodon mento Cope p. 132 
1867  Priscodelphinus Cope p. 144 
1867  Priscodelphinus acutidens Cope p. 144 
1867  Rhabdosteus Cope p. 144 
1867  Squalodon debilis Cope p. 144 
1867  Squalodon mento Cope p. 151 
1867  Squalodon wymanii Cope p. 152 
1867  Homaeocetus Du Bus p. 573 
1867  Homocetus villersii Du Bus p. 1055 
1867  Odontoceti Flower p. 111 
1868  Ixacanthus Cope p. 159 
1868  Squalodon mento Cope p. 166 
1868  Cetophis Cope p. 184 
1868  Cetophis heteroclitus Cope p. 185 
1868  Tretosphys Cope p. 186 
1868  Ixacanthus Cope p. 187 
1868  Priscodelphinus Cope p. 187 
1868  Priscodelphinus atropius Cope p. 188 
1868  Priscodelphinus conradi Cope p. 188 
1868  Priscodelphinus stenus Cope p. 188 
1868  Tretosphys Cope p. 191 
1868  Priscodelphinus harlani Cope p. 739 
1868  Denticete Gray p. 3 
1868  Dinoziphius Van Beneden and Gervais pp. 344345 
1869  Tretosphys uraeus Cope pp. 78 
1869  Squalodon pelagius Leidy 
1869  Squalodon debilis Leidy p. 415 
1869  Squalodon pelagius Leidy p. 420 
1869  Delphinodon mento Leidy p. 424 
1869  Delphinodon wymani Leidy p. 425 
1869  Cetophis heteroclitus Leidy p. 431 
1869  Priscodelphinus acutidens Leidy p. 433 
1869  Priscodelphinus atropius Leidy p. 433 
1869  Priscodelphinus conradi Leidy p. 433 
1869  Priscodelphinus harlani Leidy p. 433 
1869  Priscodelphinus stenus Leidy p. 433 
1869  Tretosphys uraeus Leidy p. 435 
1869  Denticete Scammon and Cope p. 20 
1870  Graphiodon Leidy p. 122 
1871  Denticete Gill p. 122 
1871  Colophonodon Gill p. 125 
1871  Priscodelphinus Gill p. 125 
1871  Tretosphys Gill p. 125 
1871  Rhabdosteus Gill p. 126 
1872  Priscodelphinus teres Du Bus p. 494 
1872  Priscodelphinus dectivus Du Bus p. 495 
1872  Champsodelphis scaldensis Du Bus p. 498 figs. Fig. 15 
1872  Denticete Gill p. 93 
1872  Ixacanthus Gill p. 94 
1872  Priscodelphinus Gill p. 94 
1872  Tretosphys Gill p. 94 
1872  Rhabdosteus Gill p. 97 
1873  Homaeocetus Brandt p. 208 
1873  Denticete Gill p. 20 
1873  Graphiodon Leidy p. 337 
1873  Champsodelphis scaldensis du Bus p. 498 
1874  Champsodelphis Brandt p. II 
1874  Macrochirifer Brandt p. 27 
1874  Champsodelphis scaldensis Vanden Broeck p. 146 
1874  Homocetus villersii Vanden Broeck p. 146 
1874  Priscodelphinus teres Vanden Broeck p. 146 
1875  Delphinapterus orcinus Cope p. 49 
1875  Priscodelphinus harlani Cope p. 363 
1875  Priscodelphinus uraeus Cope p. 363 
1875  Belosphys Cope p. 364 
1875  Belosphys atropius Cope p. 364 
1875  Belosphys conradi Cope p. 364 
1875  Belosphys stenus Cope p. 364 
1876  Delphinus baltringii Van Beneden p. 492 
1877  Dinoziphius carolinensis Leidy p. 216 figs. Plate 34, Figure 6 
1879  Phoca rugosidens Adams 
1879  Physetodon McCoy pp. 1921 
1880  Squalodon debilis Allen p. 470 
1880  Homocetus villersii Van Beneden and Gervais p. 332 
1880  Champsodelphis scaldensis Van Beneden and Gervais p. 487 
1880  Priscodelphinus teres Van Beneden and Gervais p. 494 
1880  Priscodelphinus atropius Van Beneden and Gervais p. 511 
1880  Priscodelphinus conradi Van Beneden and Gervais p. 511 
1880  Priscodelphinus stenus Van Beneden and Gervais p. 511 
1880  Tretosphys uraeus Van Beneden and Gervais p. 512 
1883  Odontoceti Flower p. 184 
1886  Priscophyseter Portis p. 315 
1887  Eurhinodelphis sassariensis Capellini p. 8 figs. Plate 1 
1887  Delphinus restitutensis Deperet p. 281 
1887  Homocetus Lydekker 
1887  Odontoceti Lydekker p. 53 
1887  Physetodon Lydekker p. 54 
1887  Balaenodon Lydekker p. 58 
1887  Champsodelphis Lydekker p. 74 
1889  Odontoceta Ameghino p. 883 
1889  Odontoceti Cope p. 876 
1890  Odontoceti Cope p. 602 
1890  Cetophis Cope p. 603 
1890  Cetophis heteroclitus Cope p. 603 
1890  Ixacanthus Cope p. 604 
1890  Priscodelphinus Cope p. 604 
1890  Rhabdosteus Cope p. 604 
1890  Hoplocetus carolinensis Cope p. 608 
1890  Delphinapterus orcinus Cope p. 610 
1891  Pontivaga Ameghino p. 165 
1891  Odontoceti Flower and Lydekker p. 89 
1891  Balaenodon Newton p. 66 
1891  Homocetus Newton p. 67 
1892  Champsodelphis GorjanovicKramberger p. 6 
1893  Champsodelphis Depéret p. 204 
1893  Cetophis Zittel 
1894  Odontoceta Ameghino p. 436 
1894  Champsodelphis Paquier p. 47 
1894  Delphinus restitutensis Paquier p. 48 
1894  Odontoceti Zittel p. 168 
1894  Champsodelphis Zittel p. 171 
1894  Squalodon pelagius Zittel p. 171 
1895  Campsodelphis Flores p. 11 
1895  Odontoceti Flores p. 11 
1895  Priscodelphinus Flores p. 12 
1897  Odontoceti Parker and Haswell p. 451 
1898  Odontoceti Gadow p. 44 
1898  Champsodelphis Longhi p. 329 
1898  Champsodelphis scaldensis Longhi p. 334 
1898  Monatherium rugosidens Trouessart p. 380 
1898  Odontoceti Trouessart p. 1011 
1898  Squalodon pelagius Trouessart p. 1015 
1898  Champsodelphis Trouessart p. 1018 
1898  Champsodelphis acutidens Trouessart p. 1020 
1898  Champsodelphis scaldensis Trouessart p. 1020 
1898  Delphinopsis Trouessart p. 1021 
1898  Eurhinodelphis sassariensis Trouessart p. 1021 
1898  Macrochirifer Trouessart p. 1021 
1898  Delphinodon mento Trouessart p. 1023 
1898  Delphinodon wymanii Trouessart p. 1023 
1898  Priscodelphinus Trouessart p. 1023 
1898  Priscodelphinus teres Trouessart p. 1023 
1898  Priscodelphinus uraeus Trouessart p. 1024 
1898  Cetophis heteroclitus Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Ixacanthus Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Ixacanthus atropius Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Ixacanthus conradi Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Ixacanthus stenus Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Rhabdosteus Trouessart p. 1025 
1898  Delphinus restitutensis Trouessart p. 1031 
1898  Delphinapterus orcinus Trouessart p. 1051 
1898  Homocetus Trouessart p. 1055 
1898  Homocetus villersii Trouessart p. 1055 
1898  Priscophyseter Trouessart p. 1055 
1899  Proterocetus Ameghino p. 8 
1899  Proterocetus palpabilis Ameghino p. 8 
1900  Odontoceti Abel p. 843 
1900  Acrodelphis scaldensis Abel p. 852 
1902  Dinoziphius carolinensis Hay 
1902  Odontocete Hay p. 588 
1902  Squalodon debilis Hay p. 589 
1902  Squalodon pelagius Hay p. 589 
1902  Champsodelphis Hay p. 590 
1902  Champsodelphis acutidens Hay p. 590 
1902  Graphiodon Hay p. 590 
1902  Delphinodon leidyi Hay p. 591 
1902  Delphinodon mento Hay p. 591 
1902  Priscodelphinus Hay p. 591 
1902  Priscodelphinus harlani Hay p. 591 
1902  Ixacanthus Hay p. 592 
1902  Ixacanthus atropius Hay p. 592 
1902  Ixacanthus conradi Hay p. 592 
1902  Priscodelphinus uraeus Hay p. 592 
1902  Cetophis Hay p. 593 
1902  Cetophis heteroclitus Hay p. 593 
1902  Ixacanthus stenus Hay p. 593 
1902  Rhabdosteus Hay p. 593 
1902  Delphinapterus orcinus Hay p. 594 
1902  Physeter carolinensis Hay p. 595 
1903  Ixacanthus Rhoads p. 247 
1903  Priscodelphinus Rhoads p. 247 
1903  Priscodelphinus harlani Rhoads p. 247 
1903  Priscodelphinus uraeus Rhoads p. 247 
1903  Microzeuglodon Stromer 
1904  Odontoceti Case p. 4 
1904  Priscodelphinus Case p. 8 
1904  Priscodelphinus uraeus Case p. 13 
1904  Ixacanthus Case p. 15 
1904  Ixacanthus conradi Case p. 16 
1904  Ixacanthus stenus Case p. 16 
1904  Ixacanthus atropius Case p. 18 
1904  Cetophis Case p. 23 
1904  Cetophis heteroclitus Case p. 23 
1904  Rhabdosteus Case p. 24 
1904  Delphinodon mento Case p. 28 
1904  Acrodelphis scaldensis Palmer p. 76 
1904  Balaenodon Palmer p. 131 
1904  Belosphys Palmer p. 136 
1904  Cetophis Palmer p. 174 
1904  Champsodelphis Palmer p. 178 
1904  Colophonodon Palmer p. 196 
1904  Delphinopsis Palmer p. 220 
1904  Delphinorhynchus Palmer p. 220 
1904  Dinoziphius Palmer p. 234 
1904  Graphiodon Palmer p. 299 
1904  Homaeocetus Palmer p. 330 
1904  Ixacanthus Palmer p. 355 
1904  Macrochirifer Palmer p. 392 
1904  Physetodon Palmer p. 536 
1904  Priscophyseter Palmer p. 563 
1904  Proterocetus Palmer p. 579 
1904  Proterocetus palpabilis Palmer p. 579 
1904  Rhabdosteus Palmer p. 603 
1904  Stereodelphis Palmer p. 648 
1904  Tretosphys Palmer p. 686 
1904  Monatherium rugosidens Trouessart p. 283 
1904  Odontoceti Trouessart p. 754 
1904  Proterocetus Trouessart p. 755 
1904  Proterocetus palpabilis Trouessart p. 755 
1904  Squalodon debilis Trouessart p. 756 
1904  Squalodon pelagius Trouessart p. 756 
1904  Pontivaga Trouessart p. 757 
1904  Champsodelphis Trouessart p. 758 
1904  Champsodelphis acutidens Trouessart p. 758 
1904  Acrodelphis scaldensis Trouessart p. 760 
1904  Delphinopsis Trouessart p. 760 
1904  Macrochirifer Trouessart p. 760 
1904  Delphinodon leidyi Trouessart p. 761 
1904  Delphinodon mento Trouessart p. 761 
1904  Eurhinodelphis sassariensis Trouessart p. 761 
1904  Cetophis Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Cetophis heteroclitus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Ixacanthus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Ixacanthus atropius Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Ixacanthus conradi Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Ixacanthus stenus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Priscodelphinus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Priscodelphinus harlani Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Priscodelphinus uraeus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Rhabdosteus Trouessart p. 762 
1904  Delphinus restitutensis Trouessart p. 765 
1904  Delphinapterus orcinus Trouessart p. 771 
1904  Homocetus Trouessart p. 773 
1904  Priscophyseter Trouessart p. 773 
1904  Physeter carolinensis Trouessart p. 774 
1904  Odontoceti Weber p. 578 
1905  Prophyseter Abel p. 82 figs. Fig. 13, 14 
1905  Prophyseter dolloi Abel p. 83 figs. Fig. 13, 14 
1905  Palaeoziphius Abel pp. 9093 figs. Fig. 15 
1905  Palaeoziphius scaldensis Abel p. 93 figs. Fig. 15 
1905  Champsodelphis Abel p. 129 
1905  Pontivaga Abel p. 129 
1906  Delphinus restitutensis Joleaud p. 379 
1907  Graphiodon True p. 7 
1907  Proterocetus True p. 7 
1908  Odontoceti True p. 391 
1910  Odontoceti Gregory p. 466 
1911  Parasqualodon Hall p. 262 
1911  Odontoceti Jaekel p. 231 
1912  Hesperocetus True p. 1 figs. Plates 12 
1912  Odontoceti Turner p. 71 
1914  Microzeuglodon Abel 
1914  Agriocetus Abel p. 188 
1915  Pontivaga Rovereto p. 143 
1917  Physetodon Chapman p. 33 
1918  Scaptodon Chapman p. 149 
1918  Scaptodon lodderi Chapman p. 150 figs. Plate 27 
1918  Delphinus vanzelleri Fourtau p. 36 figs. Fig. 25 
1919  Microzeuglodon Abel p. 751 
1919  Agriocetus Abel p. 753 
1919  Prophyseter Abel p. 763 
1919  Palaeoziphius Abel p. 767 
1922  Monotherium rugosidens Kellogg p. 114 
1922  Squalodon debilis Kellogg p. 127 
1923  Delphinodon debilis Kellogg p. 13 
1923  Graphiodon Kellogg p. 37 
1923  Odontoceti Miller p. 40 
1924  Lonchodelphis Allen p. 194 
1925  Prophyseter Zittel 
1925  Odontoceti Zittel p. 85 
1925  Palaeoziphius Zittel p. 86 
1925  Delphinopsis Zittel p. 87 
1925  Ixacanthus Zittel p. 87 
1925  Pontivaga Zittel p. 87 
1925  Rhabdosteus Zittel p. 87 
1926  Squalodon crassus Allen p. 402 figs. Plate 5 
1926  Physeter carolinensis Allen p. 463 
1926  Squalodon (Microzeuglodon) Ravn p. 53 
1926  Squalodon (Microzeuglodon) wingei Ravn p. 53 
1927  Lonchodelphis Gregory and Kellogg p. 6 
1928  Colophonodon Kellogg p. 32 figs. Table 1 
1928  Hesperocetus Kellogg p. 32 figs. Table 1 
1928  Microzeuglodon Kellogg p. 32 figs. Table 1 
1928  Parasqualodon Kellogg p. 32 figs. Table 1 
1928  Belosphys Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Champsodelphis Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Delphinopsis Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Ixacanthus Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Macrochirifer Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Palaeoziphius Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Pontivaga Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Priscodelphinus Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Rhabdosteus Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Stereodelphis Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1 
1928  Agriocetus Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Balaenodon Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Dinoziphius Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Graphiodon Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Physetodon Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Priscophyseter Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Prophyseter Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Scaptodon Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Tretosphys Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1 
1928  Odontoceti Weber p. 389 
1930  Odontocete Hay p. 578 
1930  Cetophis Hay p. 581 
1930  Cetophis heteroclitus Hay p. 581 
1930  Colophonodon Hay p. 581 
1930  Squalodon crassus Hay p. 581 
1930  Squalodon pelagius Hay p. 581 
1930  Hesperocetus Hay p. 582 
1930  Delphinodon debilis Hay p. 587 
1930  Delphinodon leidyi Hay p. 588 
1930  Delphinodon mento Hay p. 588 
1930  Belosphys Hay p. 589 
1930  Belosphys atropius Hay p. 589 
1930  Belosphys conradi Hay p. 589 
1930  Tretosphys Hay p. 589 
1930  Champsodelphis Hay p. 590 
1930  Champsodelphis acutidens Hay p. 590 
1930  Rhabdosteus Hay p. 590 
1930  Ixacanthus Hay p. 592 
1930  Priscodelphinus Hay p. 592 
1930  Priscodelphinus harlani Hay p. 592 
1930  Priscodelphinus stenus Hay p. 592 
1930  Priscodelphinus uraeus Hay p. 592 
1930  Lonchodelphis Hay p. 593 
1930  Delphinapterus orcinus Hay p. 594 
1930  Balaenodon Hay p. 598 
1930  Dinoziphius Hay p. 598 
1930  Dinoziphius carolinensis Hay p. 598 
1930  Graphiodon Hay p. 598 
1931  Odontoceti Van Deinse p. 33 
1934  Champsodelphis Pia and Sickenberg p. 35 
1936  Odontoceti Slijper p. 543 
1938  Microzeuglodon Riabinin p. 141 
1945  Agriocetus Simpson p. 100 
1945  Colophonodon Simpson p. 100 
1945  Microzeuglodon Simpson p. 100 
1945  Odontoceti Simpson p. 100 
1945  Parasqualodon Simpson p. 100 
1945  Hesperocetus Simpson p. 101 
1945  Lonchodelphis Simpson p. 101 
1945  Palaeoziphius Simpson p. 101 
1945  Pontivaga Simpson p. 101 
1945  Balaenodon Simpson p. 102 
1945  Dinoziphius Simpson p. 102 
1945  Physetodon Simpson p. 102 
1945  Priscophyseter Simpson p. 102 
1945  Prophyseter Simpson p. 102 
1945  Belosphys Simpson p. 103 
1945  Champsodelphis Simpson p. 103 
1945  Delphinopsis Simpson p. 103 
1945  Ixacanthus Simpson p. 103 
1945  Macrochirifer Simpson p. 103 
1945  Stereodelphis Simpson p. 103 
1945  Tretosphys Simpson p. 103 
1947  Monatherium rugosidens Friant p. 6 
1951  Odontoceti Ellerman and MorrissonScott p. 719 
1955  Pelodelphis Kellogg p. 132 figs. Plates 1216 
1956  Hesperoinia dalpiazi Monchamart Zei 
1956  Hesperoinia Monchamart Zei pp. 89 figs. Fig. 7 
1956  Hesperoinia dalpiazi Monchamart Zei pp. 89 figs. Fig. 7 
1956  Hesperoinia Moncharmont Zei p. 6 
1956  Odontoceti Paula Couto p. 98 
1960  Odontoceti Fraser and Purves p. 112 figs. Figure 26 
1961  Odontoceti Rothausen p. 113 
1963  Odontoceti Scheffer and Rice p. 4 
1966  Odontoceti Hershkovitz p. 6 
1967  Odontoceti Harland et al. p. 774 
1968  Odontoceti Moore p. 276 
1968  Agriocetus Rothausen p. 87 
1968  Squalodon kelloggi Rothausen pp. 9394 figs. Plate 11, Fig. 3 
1968  Microzeuglodon Rothausen p. 98 
1969  Miotursiops Deraniyagala p. 13 figs. Plate IV, Fig. 3 
1969  Miotursiops mulla Deraniyagala p. 13 figs. Plate IV, Fig. 3 
1969  Miotursiops Deraniyagala p. 97 
1969  Miotursiops mulla Deraniyagala p. 97 
1970  Microzeuglodon Mchedlidze p. 51 
1970  Oligosqualodon Rothausen p. 186 figs. Fig. 1 
1970  Oligosqualodon wingei Rothausen p. 186 figs. Figure 1 
1970  Uncamentodon Rothausen p. 186 figs. Fig. 1 
1971  Squalodelphis pusillus Ginsburg and Janvier p. 170 figs. Fig. 8 
1974  Odontoceti Gaskin et al. p. 1 
1975  Odontoceti Brownell p. 1 
1975  Champsodelphis Ginsburg and Janvier p. 86 
1975  Odontoceti McKenna p. 43 
1975  Palaeoziphius Mead p. 750 figs. Table 1 
1976  Rhabodosteus Fleischer p. 134 
1976  Eurhinodelphis minoensis Okazaki p. 28 figs. Plate 9, Figs. 111, Plate 10, Figs 13 
1977  Hesperocetus Barnes p. 328 
1977  Lonchodelphis Barnes p. 331 
1977  Agriocetus Whitmore and Sanders p. 305 
1977  Odontoceti Whitmore and Sanders p. 305 
1977  Parasqualodon Whitmore and Sanders p. 305 
1978  Odontoceti Barnes p. 3 
1979  Rhabdosteus Myrick p. 47 
1980  Odontoceti Reeves and Tracey p. 1 
1980  Miotursiops Sahni and Mitra p. 43 
1981  Odontoceti Thurmond and Jones p. 196 
1983  Odontoceti Brownell p. 1 
1984  Odontoceti Brownell and Praderi p. 1 
1984  Odontoceti Whitmore p. 230 
1984  Rhabdosteus Whitmore p. 230 
1984  Prolipotes Zhou et al. p. 173 
1985  Odontoceti Barnes p. 3 
1985  Prolipotes Barnes p. 29 
1985  Odontoceti Barnes p. 161 
1985  Odontoceti Barnes et al. p. 25 
1985  Odontoceti Cozzuol p. 42 
1985  Odontoceti Loughlin and Perez p. 1 
1985  Prolipotes Zhou et al. p. 170 
1986  Helvicetus Pilleri p. 21 
1986  Helvicetus rugosus Pilleri pp. 2526 figs. Plate II A, B 
1986  Odontoceti Pilleri p. 77 
1986  Miokogia Pilleri p. 157 figs. Fig. 2, Plate 1 
1987  Parasqualodon Muizon p. 13 
1988  Agriocetus Carroll 
1988  Balaenodon Carroll 
1988  Belosphys Carroll 
1988  Champsodelphis Carroll 
1988  Delphinopsis Carroll 
1988  Dinoziphius Carroll 
1988  Hesperocetus Carroll 
1988  Ixacanthis Carroll 
1988  Lonchodelphis Carroll 
1988  Macrochirifer Carroll 
1988  Microzeuglodon Carroll 
1988  Odontoceti Carroll 
1988  Palaeoziphius Carroll 
1988  Parasqualodon Carroll 
1988  Pelodelphis Carroll 
1988  Physetodon Carroll 
1988  Pontivaga Carroll 
1988  Priscophyseter Carroll 
1988  Prolipotes Carroll 
1988  Prophyseter Carroll 
1988  Rhabdosteus Carroll 
1988  Stereodelphis Carroll 
1988  Tretosphys Carroll 
1988  Odontoceti Heyning and Dahleim p. 1 
1988  Miokogia Pilleri p. 25 
1988  Pelodelphis de Muizon p. 162 
1989  Odontoceti Stewart and Stewart p. 1 
1990  Odontoceti Pilleri p. 44 
1991  Scaptodon lodderi Fordyce p. 1180 
1991  Odontoceti Vidal p. 5 
1993  Agriocetus Benton p. 761 
1993  Miokogia Benton p. 761 
1993  Odontoceti Benton p. 761 
1993  Parasqualodon Benton p. 761 
1993  Chamsodelphis Benton p. 762 
1993  Prolipotes Benton p. 762 
1993  Odontoceti Jefferson and Newcomer p. 1 
1994  Odontoceti Fordyce and Barnes p. 428 figs. Table 1 
1994  Pelodelphis Gottfried et al. p. 233 
1994  Rhabdosteus Gottfried et al. p. 233 
1994  Tretosphys Gottfried et al. p. 233 
1994  Odontoceti Jefferson and Leatherwood p. 1 
1994  Odontoceti Stacey et al. p. 1 
1995  Odontoceti Fordyce et al. p. 379 
1995  Delphinodon leidyi Ichishima et al. p. 487 
1995  Delphinodon mento Ichishima et al. p. 487 
1996  Odontoceti Newcomer et al. p. 1 
1996  Odontoceti da Silva and Best p. 1 
1997  Odontoceti Bianucci p. 164 
1997  Miokogia McKenna and Bell p. 370 
1997  Delphinopsis McKenna and Bell p. 371 
1997  Macrochirifer McKenna and Bell p. 371 
1997  Microzeuglodon McKenna and Bell p. 371 
1997  Stereodelphis McKenna and Bell p. 371 
1997  Belosphys McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Graphiodon McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Hesperocetus McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Ixacanthus McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Lonchodelphis McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Pelodelphis McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Tretosphys McKenna and Bell p. 372 
1997  Agriocetus McKenna and Bell p. 373 
1997  Colophonodon McKenna and Bell p. 373 
1997  Parasqualodon McKenna and Bell p. 373 
1997  Rhabdosteus McKenna and Bell p. 374 
1997  Helvicetus McKenna and Bell p. 379 
1997  Odontoceti McKenna and Bell p. 379 
1997  Balaenodon McKenna and Bell p. 380 
1997  Physetodon McKenna and Bell p. 380 
1997  Priscophyseter McKenna and Bell p. 380 
1997  Prophyseter McKenna and Bell p. 380 
1997  Palaeoziphius McKenna and Bell p. 382 
1997  Hesperoinia McKenna and Bell p. 383 
1997  Prolipotes McKenna and Bell p. 387 
1997  Champsodelphis McKenna and Bell p. 390 
1998  Tretosphys Bohaska p. 184 
1998  Odontoceti Rice 
1999  Odontoceti Bergqvist et al. p. 31 
1999  Miokogia Bianucci and Landini p. 451 
2001  Odontoceti Fordyce and de Muizon p. 176 
2001  Agriocetus Fordyce and de Muizon p. 178 
2001  Prolipotes Hamilton et al. p. 554 
2001  Odontoceti Jefferson and Karczmarski p. 1 
2001  Odontoceti Norman and Mead p. 1 
2001  Odontoceti Perrin p. 1 
2001  Odontoceti Sach and Heizmann p. 42 
2002  Helvicetus Kazár p. 163 
2002  Helvicetus rugosus Kazár p. 163 
2002  Miokogia Kazár p. 163 
2002  Physetodon Kazár p. 163 
2002  Priscophyseter Kazár p. 163 
2002  Prophyseter Kazár p. 163 
2002  Prophyseter dolloi Kazár p. 163 
2002  Scaptodon Kazár p. 163 
2002  Scaptodon lodderi Kazár p. 163 
2002  Odontoceti Perrin p. 1 
2002  Odontoceti Rice p. 231 figs. Table 1 
2002  Agriocetus Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Balaenodon Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Belosphys Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Champsodelphis Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Colophonodon Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Delphinopsis Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Dinoziphius Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Ixacanthus Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Loncodelphis Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Macrochirifer Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Microzeuglodon Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Miokogia Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Palaeoziphius Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Parasqualodon Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Pelodelphis Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Physetodon Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Pontivaga Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Priscophyseter Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Prophyseter Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Rhabodosteus Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Stereodelphis Sepkoski, Jr. 
2002  Tretosphrys Sepkoski, Jr. 
2003  Graphiodon Dooley p. 17 
2003  Odontoceti Fordyce p. 156 figs. Figure 9.1 
2003  Odontoceti Geisler and Sanders p. 27 
2003  Agriocetus Geisler and Sanders p. 28 
2003  Balaenodon Geisler and Sanders p. 28 
2003  Microzeuglodon Geisler and Sanders p. 28 
2004  Physetodon Fitzgerald p. 206 
2004  Scaptodon Fitzgerald p. 206 
2004  Scaptodon lodderi Fitzgerald p. 206 
2004  Odontoceti Kazár et al. p. 179 
2004  Microzeuglodon van Vliet p. 143 
2004  Microzeuglodon wingei van Vliet p. 143 
2005  Odontoceti Cahuzac et al. p. 420 
2005  Odontoceti Gingerich p. 237 figs. Table 15.1 
2005  Odontoceti Kazár p. 54 
2005  Odontoceti Lambert p. 445 
2005  Odontoceti Mead and Brownell p. 726 
2005  Odontoceti Uhen p. 1029 
2006  Odontoceti Barnes p. 32 
2006  Odontoceti Bianucci and Landini p. 106 
2006  Odontoceti Hampe p. 64 
2006  Odontoceti Hulbert and Whitmore p. 19 
2006  Odontoceti Kazár p. 272 
2006  Odontoceti Lambert p. 70 
2006  Odontoceti Lambert and Louwye p. 182 
2007  Odontoceti Bianucci et al. p. 565 
2007  Odontoceti Bianucci and Landini p. 45 figs. Table 2.1 
2007  Odontoceti Pyenson and Hoch p. 757 
2008  Odontoceti Agnarsson and MayCollado p. 981 figs. Fig. 2 
2008  Pelodelphis Beatty and Rothschild p. 796 figs. Table 1 
2008  Odontoceti Bloodworth and Odell p. 1 
2008  Odontoceti Lambert p. 279 
2008  Odontoceti Uhen p. 434 
2008  Delphinodon mento Uhen et al. p. 588 
2008  Champsodelphis Whitmore and Kaltenbach p. 210 
2009  Odontoceti AguirreFernández et al. 
2009  Odontoceti Gutstein et al. p. 507 
2009  Odontoceti Rice p. 235 figs. Table 1 
2010  Odontoceti Canto et al. p. 20 
2010  Odontoceti Fitzgerald p. 370 figs. Table 1 
2010  Odontoceti Lambert et al. 
2010  Odontoceti Post and Kompanje p. 2 
2010  Odontoceti Uhen p. 210 figs. Figure 1 
2011  Odontoceti Geisler et al. p. 5 figs. Table 1 
2014  Hesperoinia dalpiazi Lanzetti p. 112 
2014  Odontoceti Tanaka and Fordyce 
2015  Odontoceti Tanaka and Fordyce 
2016  Odontoceti Bianucci et al. 
2016  Odontoceti Godfrey et al. p. 156 
2016  Odontoceti Marx et al. p. 114 
2016  Odontoceti Tanaka and Fordyce 
2017  Odontoceti Berta p. 160 
2017  Odontoceti Boessenecker et al. p. 4 
2017  Odontoceti Collareta et al. p. 261 
2017  Odontoceti Godfrey et al. 
2017  Odontoceti Hernández Cisneros et al. p. 159 
2017  Odontoceti Lambert et al. p. 920 
2017  Odontoceti Lambert et al. 
2017  Microzeuglodon Mori et al. p. 209 figs. Table 1 
2017  Odontoceti Tanaka et al. p. 2 
2018  Odontoceti Bianucci et al. p. 4 
2018  Odontoceti Geisler p. 631 
2018  Odontoceti Lambert et al. p. 6 
2018  Odontoceti Lambert et al. p. 138 
2018  Odontoceti Peredo et al. p. 2 
2019  Odontoceti Collareta et al. 
2019  Odontoceti Gaetán et al. p. 4 
2019  Odontoceti Peri et al. p. 222 
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available

















Source: subo = suborder, o = order  
Reference: Uhen 2004 
Age range
Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Oligocene to the top of the Holocene or 28.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.1 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.1 Ma
Collections (1423 total)
Oldest occurrences  
Time interval  Ma  Country or state  Original ID and collection number 

Rupelian  USA (South Carolina)  Agorophius pygmaeus (91482) Agorophius sp. (135687) Albertocetus meffordorum (189779) Albertocetus sp. (206951) Ashleycetus planicapitis (165736) Ediscetus osbornei (197060) Inermorostrum xenops (186670) Squalodon sp. (206943) Xenorophus sloanii, Saurocetus gibbesii (45500) Xenorophus sp., Albertocetus meffordorum (188100) Xenorophus sp., Odontoceti indet., Squalodon sp. (45777) Zeuglodon sp. (45761)  
Rupelian  USA (Oregon)  Simocetus rayi (45669)  
Rupelian  Azerbaijan  Microzeuglodon caucasicum (45740)  
Rupelian  Romania  Squalodon sp. (50344)  
Rupelian  USA (Washington)  Odontoceti indet. (45812 58964)  
Rupelian  USA (Mississippi)  Odontoceti indet. (49871)  
Early/Lower Oligocene  Late/Upper Oligocene  Denmark (North Salling)  Squalodon sp. (46039) Squalodon wingei (46040)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  New Zealand  Dalpiazinidae indet. (67856)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  USA (North Carolina)  Albertocetus meffordorum, Echovenator sp. (71651)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  Kazakhstan (Aktyubinsk)  Delphinoidea indet. (175920)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  Early/Lower Miocene  New Zealand (North Otago)  Squalodontidae indet., Waipatiidae indet. (87888)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  Middle Miocene  Australia (South Australia)  Eurhinodelphinidae indet. (51412 51413) Rhabdosteidae indet. (45652)  
Late/Upper Oligocene  Late/Upper Miocene  Argentina (Rio Negro)  Preaulophyseter gualichensis (46898)  
Chattian  Denmark (Jylland)  Platanistoidea indet. (107511)  
Chattian  Australia (South Australia)  Parasqualodon wilkinsoni (50070)  
Chattian  Azerbaijan  Ferecetotherium kelloggi, Iniopsis caucasica, Oligodelphis azerbajdzanicus, Squalodon barbarus, Atropatenocetus posteocenicus (45737)  
Chattian  Japan (Fukuoka)  Patriocetus sp., Squalodontidae indet. (45834) Squalodontidae indet. (45835)  
Chattian  Japan (Hokkaido)  Sachalinocetus sp., Kentriodontidae indet., Physeteroidea indet. (45787) Squalodontidae indet. (45786)  
Chattian  Germany (NordrheinWestfalen)  Phoca ambigua, Eosqualodon langewieschei (37598)  
Chattian  Australia (Victoria)  Odontoceti indet., Dolichodon geelongensis, Parasqualodon wilkinsoni (46166) Prosqualodon sp., Eurhinodelphinidae indet. (48647) Squalodon wilkinsoni (45794) 