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Bovidae (antelope)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae

Subtaxa

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Capra depressa Linnaeus p. 69
1758Capra reversa Linnaeus p. 69
1821Bovidae Gray p. 308
1825Bovidae Gray p. 342
1850Bovidae Bonaparte p. 1
1873Bovidae Leidy p. 318
1883Bovidae Flower p. 185
1889Bovidae Cope p. 877
1891Bovidae Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1902Bovidae Hay p. 686
1908Bovidae Matthew p. 561
1910Bovidae Gregory p. 466
1980Bovidae Kurten and Anderson p. 326
1981Bovidae Thurmond and Jones p. 190
1988Bovidae Carroll
1991Bovidae Nowak
2003Bovidae Hassanin and Douzery
2005Bovidae Mead and Taylor p. 3
2006Bovidae Croft et al. p. 1039
2008Bovidae Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 2
2009Bovidae Spaulding et al.
2017Bovidae Cregut-Bonnoure and Tsoukala

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyBovidae
familyBovidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Reproduction: viviparousf
Comments: life habit and diet based on Nowak 1999f
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-09-22 12:01:17
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Oligocene to the top of the Holocene or 33.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.4 Ma

Collections (1828 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Bovidae indet. (137861)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Nei Mongol) Hanhaicerus qii (174759)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Mongolia Bovidae gen. 1 (182121) Bovidae gen. 2, Bovidae sp. (75599) Bovidae sp. (180971)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Mongolia (Övörkhangai) Gobiocerus sp. (182076)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Early/Lower Miocene28.4 - 15.97Japan Bovidae indet. (183075)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97China (Qinghai) Oioceros xiejiaensis (34674)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Bovidae indet. (47026 47074)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mongolia Eotragus sp. (85060)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Bosnia and Herzegovina Tethytragus sp., Eotragus clavatus (198251)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Pakistan (Baluchistan) Bovidae indet. (180611 180619 180628 180629 180630)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Namibia Homoiodorcas sp. (21855)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nebraska) Neotragocerus sp. (18433)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333France Antilope cristata (200296)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nevada) Neotragocerus sp. (18972)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333France (Vaucluse) Gazella deperdita, Miotragocerus gaudryi (201497 201500) Miotragocerus gaudryi (201499)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Tanzania Damalacra sp., Kobus porrecticornis (22042)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Pakistan Sivoreas eremita (35041 35042) Sivoreas sondaari, Sivoreas eremita (34991)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda Aepyceros sp. (22365) Alcelaphini indet. (22384) Bovidae indet. (22370 22373 22386) Bovidae indet., Aepyceros sp. (22371 22376) Bovidae indet., Kobus sp. (22399) Kobus sp. (22385) Simatherium demissum (22345 22390 22400 22418 22425 22462)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Mongolia Oioceros sp. (34487)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Tanzania Alcelaphini indet. (22057 22150) Damalacra sp. (22063 22147) Tragelaphus sp., Alcelaphini indet., Praedamalis sp., Damalacra sp. (22058)