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Camelus (camel)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Camelus Linnaeus p. 65
1825Camelus Gray p. 342
1848Camelus Owen p. 139
1902Camelus Hay p. 680
1945Camelus Simpson p. 150
1965Camelus Webb p. 44
1988Camelus Carroll
1994Camelus Stanley et al. p. 1
2008Camelus Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 5
2010Camelus Harris et al. p. 824

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
suborderTylopoda()
superfamilyCameloidea
familyCamelidae
subfamilyCamelinaeGray 1821
tribeCameliniGray 1821
genusCamelus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 280.4 kg Mammalia femur diameterGingerich 1990
 289.0 kg Mammalia humerus diameterGingerich 1990
 176.0 kg Mammalia tibia diameterGingerich 1990
mean: 242.5 kg
Measurements
partNmean
femur diameter139.4
humerus diameter143.4
tibia diameter132.4

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: browserg
Diet 2: grazerg
Comments: primarily a browser based on Recent ecology (MacFadden and Cerling 1996)g
Created: 2005-08-31 14:44:27
Modified: 2009-01-04 12:36:48
Source: g = genus, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Nowak 1999

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the MN 15 to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 4.20000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 3.6 Ma

Collections (39 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Kazakhstan Camelus praebactrianus (76289)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Jammu) Camelus sp. (51101)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ukraine (Odessa) Camelus kujalnensis (76502)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Panjab) Camelus sivalensis (51106)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ukraine Camelus sp. (76538 76539)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Camelus sp. (32050)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Malawi Camelus sp. (22323)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Camelus sp. (21454)
MN 15 - MN 164.2 - 2.588Ukraine Camelus alutensis (50943)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Russian Federation Camelus sp. (76510 76530)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Ukraine Camelus sp. (76534)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588India Camelus sp. (39209 39210)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Morocco Camelus sp. (32052)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Camelus sp. (21608 21623 21640)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Kenya Camelus sp. (21479 21484)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Kenya (Rift Valley) Camelus sp. (21344)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781India Camelus sivalensis (194890)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Hungary (Fejer) Camelus bessarabensis (35374 35380)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ethiopia Camelus grattardi (21671) Camelus sp. (21986 21999)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Egypt Camelus sp. (21874) Camelus thomasi (21876 21877)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Tajikistan Camelus knoblochi (34104)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Algeria Camelus thomasi (22584)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Morocco Camelus sp. (34330)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Kazakhstan Camelus knoblochi (40496)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Syria Camelus dromedarius, Camelus bactrianus, Camelus thomasi (67660) Camelus sp. (34105)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Kazakhstan Camelus knoblochi (40497)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Israel (Mount Carmel) Camelus sp. (11803)